×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to UF - ADV 3109 - Class Notes - Week 3
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to UF - ADV 3109 - Class Notes - Week 3

Already have an account? Login here
×
Reset your password

UF / Journalism / JOU 3109C / Why do we have ap style?

Why do we have ap style?

Why do we have ap style?

Description

Week 3 


Why do we have ap style?



Why do we have AP Style?

∙ Consistency

o Orlando - MCO and ORL (orl is wrong)

∙ Clarity

o To be clear about what you are writing about

∙ Accuracy

o Have the correct name

∙ Brevity

o FBI, UFO

∙ Avoid Stereotypes

o If under 18 = child

What does AP style cover?

∙ Grammar

∙ Spelling

∙ Punctuation If you want to learn more check out What is a disorder of connective tissue that creates hyper elasticity in connective tissue?

∙ Language usage

Common AP mistakes - Abbrevs, Titles & Numbers

∙ Widely known abbreviations OK: NATO, ALCO, CIA


What does ap style cover?



o If unsure, consider the context of the story

o Some are ok - even to start a sentence

o Avoid alphabet soup

∙ Unless you are the New York Times, no courtesy titles except… o Dr., Gov., Lt. Gov., Rep., the Rev., and Sen. Are required before a name  if they occur outside a direct quote

o Only use them on the first reference

o Wrong: the Rev. Cr. John Jackson

o Right: The Rev. John Jackson

∙ Months" Abbreviate those with more than 4 letters

o June

o Sept.

∙ Addresses: Always use number

o Unless the number is the street name "North 10th Street" o Abbreviate directional cues (North, South, etc.) when you have a  number


What are the types of leads?



o Abbreviate types of roads with a number unless it is road, drive or alley ∙ Ages: Always use numbers Don't forget about the age old question of How well am i measuring what i want to measure?

o Use hyphens will the age is modifying

∙ Write out numbers on through 9; make numerical for 10 & up ∙ Dates: Write out the month when not with a day

o Sept. 1, 1999

o September 1999

∙ Only capitalize formal titles when the precede an individual's name o Mayor Bridget Jones is having a baby

o Bridget Jones, mayor of Gainesville, is having a baby

∙ Never use an "S"

o Forward

o Backward

o Toward

o Upward

o Downward  

∙ Common mistakes with Which/That

o That and Which are referring to inanimate object or animals without  names

o That for essential clauses, important to the meaning od the sentence o Which for nonessential clauses, where the pronoun is less necessary ∙ Common Mistakes with Further/Farther

o Farther refers to a physical distance

∙ Professor spiker walked farther than prof foley

o Further refers to an extension of time or degree

Big changes between 2015&2016

∙ Internets (lowercase i)

∙ Web (lowercase w)

∙ New entry for mistress

∙ New entry for prostitute

∙ Voicemail is now one word If you want to learn more check out What are the two types of errors for measurements?

∙ New explanation for when to use accident/crash

∙ Whiskey/Whisky

∙ Spree is only to be used for shopping not shootings

Writing a Hard News Story

Lead: Main Facts

∙ Who

∙ What

∙ Where

∙ When

∙ Subject-verb-object-order

o Who did what: A 20-year-old UF student was charged with exposing  himself in a parking garage Saturday night.

Active vs. Passive Voice

∙ Active voice: who is doing the action

∙ Passive voice: stresses to whom the action w done We also discuss several other topics like What are the five basic tasks of society?

o Common in police/crime stories

∙ Active: A dog attacked a 3-year-old girl in Depot Park Monday ∙ Passive: a 3-year-old girl was attacked by a dog in Depot Park Monday ∙ Put the most important information first

Types of Leads

∙ Summary

o The who, what , why

o 1-2 sentences

∙ Hard-news lead

o More direct, there's more details to come

∙ Feature/Anecdotal

o More personable, sometime draws out emotion

o Nut graph: sentence that states the focus of the story, comes after the  anecdotal lead

Body: More details

∙ Why?

∙ How?

∙ What is the impact on readers?

∙ Quote: support out first 2-3 paragraphs

o Reinforce  

o Don’t want it to retell what we already know If you want to learn more check out What are the 3 ways to examine relationship between technology and society?
If you want to learn more check out Who is anthony johnson?

o Formula: "I throw the dough into the air, and when I can start to see  the light through it I know it is ready for the toppings," said John Smith,  pizza chef at Big Lou's

Direct quote, to use or not to use

∙ Use:

o Interesting or informative?

o Does it back up the lead?

o Memorable?

o Add emptions

∙ Don’t use:  

o Repetitive

o You can state better in your own words (paraphrasing)

Tail: More detail/more comments

∙ The further we go down the less direct the info needs to be ∙ Can provide background info

o Perspective or context

∙ Elaborate

o Other points of view

o More quotes

Tail: Ending

∙ Future actions

∙ Call to action

∙ Quick summary

∙ End when there is no more new info to reveal

Page Expired
5off
It looks like your free minutes have expired! Lucky for you we have all the content you need, just sign up here