GEOG 1010 exam 1 study guide
GEOG 1010 exam 1 study guide geog 1010
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Katie Becker on Tuesday September 13, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to geog 1010 at Auburn University taught by James Norwood in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Global Geography in Geography at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 09/13/16
STUDY GUIDE EXAM N0. 1. GLOBAL GEOGRAPHY 1. Understand the concept of Hinterland. a. Literally means “country behind” b. The surrounding zone of interaction area outside the “core” of the city c. The area surrounding a central place, from which people are attracted to use the place’s goods and services a. Ex: Westchester NYC 2. Understand map scale a. The ratio of a distance on the map to the corresponding distance on the ground. b. When the map “zooms in” it represents less territory and vice versa. 3. What is the Greenhouse Effect ? a. The trapping of the sun’s warmth in the planet’s lower atmosphere due to the greater transparency of the atmosphere to visible radiation from the sun than to infrared emitter from the planet’s surface. 4. Know how tectonic plates move. Study the map of the plates. Two sublayers of earths crust that move, float, and sometimes fracture. The interaction causes continental drifts, earth quakes, volcanoes 5. Study the climate map. Know the Climate Types and generally where they are located. a. Page 15 in textbook i. A. Humid Equatorial Climate 1. Af No dry season 2. Am Short dry season 3. Aw dry winter ii. B. Dry Climate 1. BS Semiarid 2. BW Arid a. H=hot b. Kcold iii. C. Humid Temperature Climate 1. Cf No dry season 2. Cw Dry winter 3. Cs Dry summer iv. D. Cold Climate 1. Df No dry season 2. Dw Dry winter a. C&D b. a. hot summer c. b. cool summer d. c. short, cool summer e. d. very cold winter v. E. Cold Polar Climate Antarctica, Greenland, North/South Pole 1. E Tundra and ice vi. H. Highland Climate Mongolia 1. H unclassified highlands 6. Where are the major population clusters? a. South Asia i. Starts in India and includes Pakistan and Bangladesh b. East Asia i. Korean Peninsula to Vietnam c. Europe i. Eurasian landmass opposite end of China, Western Russia d. Eastern North America 7. How does the World Bank view countries, economically? a. This is what lets us loan money to other countries. i. High income (US Canada Australia, Greenland, Western Europe) ii. Uppermiddle income (Mexico Argentina) iii. Lowermiddle income (Brazil Russia China) iv. Low income (India Sudan Congo etc) 8. Understand the concept of Globalization. a. Globalization is the process of international integration arising from the interchange of world views, products, ideas, and other aspects of culture. i. A concept that arouses strong passions b. Different perceptions i. Politicians, economists, business people ii. Subsistence farmers c. Consider trends involving GNP and per capita income d. The World Trade Organization (WTO) e. Globalization = Americanization ?? f. What impact does globalization have on political boundaries? g. Advances in transportation and telecommunication infrastructure, including the rise of the telegraph and it's posterity the Internet, are major factors in globalization, generating further interdependence of economic and cultural activities. 9. What is a Transition Zone? a. Geographic realms change over time b. Where 2 geographic realms meet, no sharp boundaries that mark their contact. 10. What is the difference in the two types of Regions? a. Monocentric dominated by a single, major political entity in terms of territory or population i. Ex: North America is heavily influence by the US. b. Polycentric the appearance, functioning, and organization of the realms are dispersed among a number of (more or less) equally influential regions or countries. i. Europe is composed of the UK, France, Spain, Germany, ect...) 11. Know the major culture groups in Canada. a. French Quebec b. English Ontario and the rest of Canada i. Ottawa River marks the boundary between the two. 12. Study the Physiographic Map of North America. 13. Understand the RainShadow effect. a. An area having relatively little precipitation due to the effect of a topographic barrier, especially a mountain range, that causes the prevailing winds to lose their moisture on the windward side, causing the leeward side to be dry. 14. Know what is meant by Main Street. 15. Know the names of the Great Lakes and where they are located. a. Lake Eerie PA, NY, OH MI b. Lake Huron MI ON c. Lake Michigan IL WI MI d. Lake Ontario ON NY e. Lake Superior MN MI ON WI 16. Be familiar with the American Manufacturing Belt. a. Near rectangular Core Region, whose corners are Boston, Milwaukee, St. Louis, and Baltimore. b. More productive, containing the majority of the realms industrial activity and leading cities. 17. Understand Altitudinal Zonation. a. Found in mountainous Middle and South America. b. Temperatures decrease with altitudes. c. Has a great impact on what crops can be grown where i. HighestTierra Nevada ii. Second highest Tierra Helada – Livestock grazing iii. Middle Tierra Fria – Potatoes, barely, wheat, dairying iv. Second lowest – Tierra Templada – Coffee, Corn, Wheat, Vegetables v. Lowest – Tierra Caliente – Bananas, sugar cane, rice, other tropical crops 18. Where did the Myans live? Where did the Aztexs live? a. Myans Mexico and northern Central America including Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, Yucatán Peninsula and El Salvador. b. Aztecs Mexico and Central America; he capital of the Aztecs, Tenochtitlan, was built on Lake Texcoco on raised islands. 19. Study the map of Middle America. Which countries colonized which Caribbean countries? 20. Understand the differences between Mainland and Rimland. a. Mainland greater isolation accessibility, moderate climate, hills and plateaus, Euro/Amerindian, Mestizo, Haciendas b. Rimland greater location, tropical lowland, islands, Euro/Africa, Mulatto, Plantations
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