POLI 1090, Exam 1 Study Guide
POLI 1090, Exam 1 Study Guide POLI 1090
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Liv Taylor on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to POLI 1090 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Soren Jordan in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 273 views. For similar materials see American Government in Multicultural World in Social Science at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 09/14/16
Exam 1 Study Guide Dr. Soren Jordan POLI 1090-004 1. What is Harold Laswell’s definition of politics? _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ 2. Political science starts by creating: a. Surveys b. Analysis c. Theories d. Data 3. Rationality can best be described as what? a. Utility maximizer b. Self-interest c. Civic interest d. Both a & b e. All of the above 4. Why were people afraid of the idea of democracy and what would it threaten? a. Mob rule, liberty and order b. Rule of law, liberty and order c. Mob rule, checks and balances d. Rule of law, checks and balances 5. Locke’s ________ protect our _________ rights. a. Minority rights, legal b. Social Contract Theory, unalienable c. Framers, implied d. Political parties, expressed 6. What is not one of the two reasons that people find it difficult to coordinate and cooperate? 1. Coordination issues 2. Lack of participatory interest 3. Collective action problems 7. Public goods should be: a. Non-excludable b. Non-rivalrous c. Free-riding d. Both a & b 1 e. All of the above 8. Compare capitalism to socialism _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ 9. What two themes should the government focus on? 1. 2. 10. How can you counteract the free rider problem concerning public goods? a. Selective incentives b. Coercion c. Participatory benefits d. All of the above 11. What constricts rational politicians? a. Agenda settings b. Majority rule c. Status quo d. Institutions 12. People will vote for things that fall within their what? a. Ideal point b. Indifference curve c. Majority cycling d. Status quo 13. All but what are characteristics of an institution? a. External b. Independent c. Durable d. Authority must be assigned to the institution e. All of the above 14. What event made it prevalent that the Articles of Confederation would fail? a. Shays’ Rebellion b. Colonization c. Boston Tea Party d. Battle of Lexington and Concord 15. The Articles of Confederation gives too much weight to the fact that people will do ________. a. What’s rational 2 b. The right thing c. What’s necessary d. What the national government 16. The Framers feared both ________ and ________. a. Liberty and order b. Mob rule and democracy c. Tyranny and anarchy d. The Crown and the colonists 17. James Madison’s Virginia Plan favored large states by what? a. Legislation based on a set number b. Legislation based on population c. Unicameral national legislation d. Limited government 18. What plan favored small states? a. Virginia Plan b. James Madison’s Plan c. Connecticut Plan d. New Jersey Plan 19. What is the supremacy clause? _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ 20. What is not one of the three types of the national government’s powers? a. Expressed b. Inherent c. Supreme d. Implied 21. Who didn’t support the ratification of the Constitution? a. Federalists b. James Madison c. Anti-Federalists d. Alexander Hamilton 22. Federalist 10 is concerned with what? a. Faction b. Minority rights c. Checks and balances d. Unalienable rights 3 23. Number each amendment in the Bill of Rights with its main idea. _____. The right to bear arms _____. Trial by jury in civil suits _____.The right to a speedy and public criminal trial _____. Can’t self-incriminate _____.Probable cause, protects against unreasonable search and seizures _____. Freedom of religion, speech, press and assembly _____.No quartering troops _____. Against cruel and unusual punishment _____. Powers not delegated to the federal government goes to the states _____. Implied rights 24. What’s the difference between a civil liberty and a civil right? _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ 25. What is the main challenge of federalism? a. Free-riding b. Libertarianism c. Balancing problems d. Both a & c e. All of the above 26. What does Alabama’s stance on gay marriage exemplify? a. The challenge of balancing state and national power b. Equality of opportunity c. Equality of outcome d. Communitarianism 27. What do political parties do for the American people? a. Limits them b. Sets rules c. Gives them a heuristic d. Gives them a political ideology 28. What do political parties do for politicians? a. Solves coordination problems b. Creates platforms c. Gives them a heuristic 4 d. Gives them a political ideology 29. What says that there is only ever going to be two majority parties? a. Pragmatic challenges b. Blue laws c. Free-riding d. Duverger’s Law 30. Even though third parties rarely win elections, they can still do what? a. Run for office b. Bring attention to certain issues c. Exert influence d. All of the above 31. There have only been two major sets of political parties, why? a. Americans don’t like change b. The government is the same today as it was when the Founders instituted it c. Wedge issues (like slavery) are very rare and unusual d. Patronage 32. Machine politics is what? a. The politics that we have today b. Forceful politics c. Politics based on industry d. None of the above 33. The president is elected by whom? a. The direct people b. The Electoral College c. The Senate d. The House 34. What’s the difference between dual federalism and cooperative federalism? _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ 35. Enumerated powers are to the national government as _________________ are to the state government. a. Reserve powers b. Shared powers 5 c. Concurrent powers d. State powers 36. The necessary and proper clause grants the national government what? a. Expressed powers b. Implied powers c. Control of commerce d. Federalism 37. McCulloch v. Maryland reinforced what? a. The commerce clause b. The necessary and proper clause c. Secession d. Separation of powers 38. Selective incorporation states that… a. The states get to chose what amendments they want to observe b. The Bill of Rights is incorporated onto all states by the due process clause c. The supremacy clause is unconstitutional d. None of the above 39. True or False: The free exercise clause bans an official national religion. 40. What are the Lemon Test and the Miller Test? _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ 1. Who gets what, when and how. 2. C 3. D 4. A 5. B 6. 2 7. D 8. Capitalism is when people own their own property and socialism is when it belongs to the government. 9. Responsiveness and equality. 10. D 11. D 12. B 6 13. E 14. A 15. B 16. C 17. B 18. D 19. 20. C 21. C 22. A 23. 2, 7, 6, 5, 4, 1, 3, 8, 10, 9 24. The government cannot infringe upon civil liberties (speech, religion), while the government has an obligation to observe civil rights (being treated equally regardless of race, gender, sexuality, etc.) 25. D 26. A 27. C 28. A 29. D 30. D 31. C 32. B 33. B 34. Dual federalism says that the states are superior in some things and the national government superior in others (layer cake), while cooperative federalism is when they all work collectively to solve a problem or make a policy (marble cake). 35. A 36. B 37. B 38. B 39. True 40. Lemon Test: Three-part test created by Lemon v. Kurtzman and assesses whether a law violates the establishment clause (no national religion). Miller Test: Test determining whether speech or expression can be labeled obscene (is or isn’t protected by the First Amendment). 7 8
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