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ANEQ 305: Study Guide Exam 1

by: Emily Bergmann

ANEQ 305: Study Guide Exam 1 ANEQ 305-001

Emily Bergmann
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

This study guide is comprehensive to what is going to be on the first exam, and will be helpful for review for the final.
Large Animal Anatomy and Physiology
Dr. Hyungchul Han
Study Guide
Physiology, anatomy, animals, Animal Science, Equine Science
50 ?




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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Emily Bergmann on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ANEQ 305-001 at Colorado State University taught by Dr. Hyungchul Han in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see Large Animal Anatomy and Physiology in Animal Science at Colorado State University.


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Date Created: 09/14/16
ANEQ 305: Study Guide Exam 1  Physi​ology: __________________________________________________________________________  Characteristics of Living Things  1.  2.  3.  4.  _______________­ science in which other disciplines are consulted and used as a foundation  _______________­ science in which physiological components are studied and compared in organisms  Basic Functions of Cells  1.  2.  3.  4.  Specialized Cells  _____________­ secrete digestive enzymes  _____________­ generate and transmit electrical impulses  _____________­ keeps wanted/needed substances and rids of toxic waste through excretion  _____________­ produce movement  Levels of Organization  Cell­ ________________________________________________________________  _________­ sheets of similar cells with similar specialized function  _________­ __________________________________________________________________  Organ System ­ ________________________________________________________________  Tissue Types  1.  2.  3.  4.  ​ Negative Feedback­ ____________________________________________________________________  1.  2.  3.  ​ Positive Feedback­_____________________________________________________________________  ________________­ altered physiology in animals with disease (i.e. congestive heart failure)  Whole Body Regulatory Systems  1.  2.  Organic Macromolecules  1.  2.  3.  4.  Ions in the Body  ______­ found mainly in the skeleton  ______­ _______________________________________________________________________  ______­_______________________________________________________________________  Germ Layers  1.  2.  3.  Homeostatic Organisms  1.  2.  3.  Parts of Cell  Nucleus ­ _____________________________________________________________________   ______________­ DNA is copied to mRNA; introns are left in the cell and exons are a   part of the final mRNA  ____________­ tells the mRNA when to start and stop ___________________  ______________­ mRNA is moved to the ___________ to make proteins through tRNA   and rRNA  ___________­stores Calcium ions, _________________, ________________________________  ___________­ synthesizes proteins  ___________­ modifies and sorts proteins then releases through __________________________  Proteosomes­ ___________________________________________________________________  Lysosomes­ ____________________________________________________________________  ____________­___________________________________________________________  Phagocytosis ­ ___________________________________________________________  Pinocytosis ­ ____________________________________________________________  Exocytosis ­ ___________________________________________________________________  Mitochondria ­ _________________________________________________________________  1.  2.  3.  Anaerobic ­ ___________________________________________________________________  Aerobic ­ _____________________________________________________________________  Desmosomes ­ _________________________________________________________________  ____________­where material can be exchanged directly from cell to cell through ___________  Plasma Membrane  Glycoprotein­ _________________________________________________________________  Glycolipid­____________________________________________________________________  __________­ higher to lower concentration movement of molecules  ____________­ gradient that includes the electrical charge of ions  Diffusion depends on:  _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________  Active Transport­ ______________________________________________________________________  Tonicity­_____________________________________________________________________________  1.  2.  3.  Gated Channel Transport­________________________________________________________________  1.  2.  3.  +​ +​ Na​  and K​  pump ­ _____________________________________________________________________  G­Protein receptor­  _____________________________________________________________________________________  Carrier Mediated Transport­______________________________________________________________  1.  2.  3.  Resting Potential­______________________________________________________________________  Tyrosine Kinase ­ ______________________________________________________________________  Label the Diagrams with Functions of each Area        Chemical Messengers  Paracrines ­ ___________________________________________________________________________  Hormones ­ ___________________________________________________________________________  Phenomes ­ ___________________________________________________________________________  Cytokines ­ ___________________________________________________________________________  Neurotransmiters ­ _____________________________________________________________________  Neurohormones ­ ______________________________________________________________________    Free Response Questions:   What are the advantages/disadvantages of a larger organism than a smaller one?      Why is there an absolute and relative refractory period in action potential in neurons?      How does myelination help the nervous system? What are the functions?      Explain the difference between action potentials and graded potentials. What makes them different? Draw  a diagram to help explain your answer.          Explain different second messengers. What are their functions? Give an example where a second  messenger is used.        Explain how the plasma membrane is a part of cell signaling. Give examples of different junctions and  their purposes. 


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