Drugs Exam 1 Study Guide
Drugs Exam 1 Study Guide PSYC 265
Popular in Drugs and Behavior
Popular in Psychology (PSYC)
This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Becca Sehnert on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSYC 265 at University of Nebraska Lincoln taught by Dr. Stoltenberg in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 146 views. For similar materials see Drugs and Behavior in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Nebraska Lincoln.
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Date Created: 09/14/16
Drugs and Behavior Study Guide Exam 1 Chap 1-4 50mc questions, 2 pts each Quiz due 11:59pm on 19 th Video linked to review PPT has question on exam I. Etiology: study of causation a. Risk factor –increases persons risk for negative outcome (male gender for SUD, time with deviant peers) b. Protective factor –close relationship with family II. Intra and interpersonal a. Intra –within person i. Sensitivity to drug ii. Personality iii. Motivation b. Inter –between people, influence from someone else i. Parents –model behavior gives social norms for use ii. Peers iii. Media iv. Romantic partners III. Social norms a. Social learning theory b. Norms are rules i. Implicit –don’t say out loud, not expressed ii. Explicit c. Social norms i. When, where, how much, behavior d. Families have different norms IV. Expectancies a. Social learning theory b. What you think the drug will impact YOU c. Positive and negative (addicted, have sex when drunk) d. Placebo effect –can change behavior even with no use e. Change when you experience drug f. Psychological and pharmacological effects V. Biological vulnerability models a. Biological theory b. Enhanced reinforcement model i. Operant conditioning –rat in Skinner box, if reinforced, more likely to do it again ii. Sensitivity to reinforcing effect of drug –some more than others iii. Resistant to intoxicating effect of drug –some people drink 2 and get drunk, others need 10 iv. Provides more rewards and less impairment = more drug use v. People at highest risk –sensitive to reinforcement effect but have high resistance to intoxicating effect c. Negative affect model i. Temperamental factors leading to negative affect (depression/anxiety) coupled with life stress ii. Need drink before go out –self medicating to deal with life stresses iii. Teach how to cope with life stress without using substances iv. Drug use as self-medication VI. Mediators and moderators a. How things are related to peoples risk for problems b. Mediation –underlying causes of disorder i. Underlying cause ii. Factor Outcome iii. Is there another thing that is really the cause of it? Indirect? Factor mediator variable outcome iv. Family history social norms AUD v. Genotype social anxiety Prosocial behaviors c. Moderation –is X always related to Y in same way? i. Are there other factors that can affect relationship? ii. Is it different in different contexts iii. One variable changes direction or strength relationship between predictor and outcome iv. See if outcome is dependent on another context 1. Do you need to ask more questions? 2. Does it matter? v. Age vs. Height –might also need to know gender! Outcome depends on gender vi. Gender vs impulsivity –depended on genotype (didn’t matter with one, gender changed quite a bit) vii. Need to know another variable VII. Standard drink a. Standard drink has 0.5 oz pure ethanol b. Oz of drink * ABV = Amt ethanol c. Oz ethanol / 0.5 = Standard drinks d. Which contains most alcohol? i. 20oz beer 4% =0.8 ii. 2oz vodka 40% =0.8 iii. 4oz wine 15% =0.6 iv. 12oz beer 8% = 0.96 VIII. Abuse and dependence a. Abuse –adverse consequences i. During or after use ii. Lower form of alcohol related problem than dependence b. Dependence –impaired control over use i. Even though it continues to cause problems ii. May include 1. Tolerance –need more to feel same effect than first time 2. Withdrawal –taking it long time, stop, adverse reactions c. Alcohol Dependence Syndrome i. People thought it was total loss of control, not impaired control (which it is) ii. On a continuum iii. Alcohol related problems –things that go wrong in your life due to drinking iv. Alcohol dependence – 1. Lots of problems but low dependence –abuse 2. High dependence (cravings) but aren’t causing problems (functional alcoholic) –dependence 3. Many problems and depend on it –abuse and dependence d. Diagnostic criteria i. Need healthcare providers to know if there’s a problems and how serious it is. ii. ICD-10 under world health organization (used in world) iii. American psychiatric association –DSM 1. DSM 4 –most research done in book is done with this, Abuse and Dependence, separate diagnoses 2. DSM 5 –currently used but still new, SUD iv. DSM 4 Alcohol abuse –adverse consequence measurement v. DSM 4 Alcohol Dependence –many different symptoms within the past year (need 3) e. DSM 5 –SUD i. Mild, moderate, or severe (6+ symptoms)
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