PYSC265 Study Guide
PYSC265 Study Guide PSYC 265
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Popular in Psychology (PSYC)
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Hannah Rapp on Thursday September 15, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSYC 265 at University of Nebraska Lincoln taught by Dr. Stoltenberg in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Drugs and Behavior in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Nebraska Lincoln.
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Date Created: 09/15/16
Study for Exam 1 Etiology is the study of causation • basic research to identify factors that inﬂuence whether someone develops problems with substances • risk vs. protective factors • males are more likely to become alcoholics than females • males- risk factors females- protective factors Intrapersonal: within a person • Sensitivity to a drug • personality • motivation Interpersonal: between people • parents • peers • media • romantic parents Social Norms: rules, implicit or explicit established by various groups to regulate the behaviors of others • • when and where drugs are used? • how much is acceptable? • how people behave under the inﬂuence? Expectancy: what effects you think a drug will have on you • subjective experience • can be positive or negative • learned from others (through observation or explicitly) • modiﬁed through experience • psychological effects are independent of alcohol’s pharmacological effects Enhanced Reinforcement Model (operant conditioning) • sensitivity to reinforcing effects • resistant to intoxicating effects • using the drug provides more reward and less impairment= more drug use Negative Effect Model • temperamental factors leading to negative effect (depression/anxiety) coupled with stress • drug use as self-medication • When a person is depressed (negative), they may use drugs to feel better Mediators and Moderators • How does X cause Y? • mediation- what are the underlying causes? • When does X cause Y? and when does it not? • moderation- under what circumstances? Mediation is the “underlying cause” Mediator Factor Outcome • ex) family history is a factor the outcome is Alcohol use disorder the mediator would be social norms or genetics Moderation- one variable changes the direction of strength of the relationship between predictor and outcome ex) gender moderate the change in age and height • The Standard Drink • contains 0.5 oz of pure ethanol • to calculate Alcohol in Beverage: oz. X ABV (%) = Amount of pure ethanol Standard Drink: Amount of pure ethanol/ 0.5 oz Abuse • adverse consequences during and after use Dependence • impaired control over use even though continued use causes problems • tolerance withdrawal • Alcohol Dependence Syndrome High Abuse Abuse and Dependence Low High No problems Dependence Low DSM IV vs. DSM V • DSM IV- has two diagnostics: Abuse and Dependence • DSM V- has one diagnostics for both
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