Limited time offer 20% OFF StudySoup Subscription details

Cal State Fullerton - HIST 110 - Class Notes - Week 5

Created by: Caru Elite Notetaker

> > > > Cal State Fullerton - HIST 110 - Class Notes - Week 5

Cal State Fullerton - HIST 110 - Class Notes - Week 5

School: California State University - Fullerton
Department: History
Course: World Civilization to 16th Century
Professor: Stefan Chrissanthos
Term: Winter 2016
Tags: Prehistory
Name: HIST 110A - Prehistory
Description: Prehistory Notes
Uploaded: 09/16/2016
This preview shows pages 1 - 2 of a 3 page document. to view the rest of the content
background image I. Prehistory 
A. Old Stone Age (Paleolithic Age) ~ 2.5 million years ago 
1. had 4 ice ages ~ mostly uninhabited  2. ended 40,000 years ago  3. people could only live near the equator because it was warmer  survived by hunting and gathering  hunted mammoth and bison; gathered nuts, berries, fruits, and animal eggs  hunted with hand­ax; two stones were hammered together until they were 
sharp 
would jump on the animal and stab it  4. lived in caves or tents(made of animal skin)  5. lived in small communities of about 20  6. life expectancy was short ~ about 20 years  women had an even shorter life expectancy → they died during childbirth or not 
long after due to infection 
       B. Middle Stone Age(Mesolithic Age) ~ 40,000 – 10,000 years ago  1. about 25,000 years ago, people invented the bow and arrow and harpoon(spear and 
rope) 
harpoons were used to kill whales and seals; useful because the tip was 
bone­tipped → the bone could easily penetrate the animal's blubber 
2. people learned to sew → used animal bone as a needle and animal sinews for thread         C. New Stone Age(Neolithic Age) ~ 10,000 years ago  1. weather began to change → the Earth became → people needed to find new ways to 
feed themselves(agriculture and domestication of animals) 
Agriculture ~ 9,000 years ago in Jericho  grew wheat and barley  different climates = different crops(ex. China = rice; Africa = okrat and 
black­eyed peas; America = maize, tomatoes) 
Domestication ~ 9,000 years ago in Turkey  began domesticating cows  8,000 years ago in Iran – began eating pig  2. people no longer needed to keep moving with the animals → settled down in 
villages 
first village = Jericho  3. 8,000 years ago ~ people learned to make pottery and how to weave(make clothing 
with cloth instead of animal fur) → people want to start trading 
4. idea of rich/poor develops ~ we can tell this by digging up graves  a wealthy person would be buried with possessions(also indicates that they 
believed in the afterlife) 
5. Religion  built megaliths(giant stone monuments) using pillars and posts  biggest megalith on Earth = Stone Henge  stones came from 250 miles away; weighed 45­50 tons each  took about 30 million man hours of work  reasons for building: 
background image 1. alien signaling device  2. agricultural calendar  when to plant and harvest crops  3. temple to worship sun    II. First Civilization 
A. Near East(Fertile Crescent) 
1. to be a part of a civilization one must live in a city/town, have architecture, use iron 
tools, have organized religion, have writing 
2. first civilization began in the Fertile Crescent → called Sumeria(in modern day Iraq) 
~ 6,000 years ago 
3. Sumeria was a city­state → had no organized government(Ur, Lagash, Kish)  4. ate wheat and dates  used Euphrates and Tigris to travel to other people to sell food in exchange for 
raw materials(copper, tin, gold, silver, wood) 
skilled craftsmen: tin + copper = bronze swords; gold + silver = jewelry; 
wood = furniture, boxes 
resell new products  5. first to come up with irrigation → built dams and canals to direct water to crops  6. first to invent writing around 3300 B.C.  Used clay tablets as paper and reeds as pens  7. First to use weights and measures  8. first to brew beer and use lunar calendar(365 days/year)  9. first to use circle of 360 degrees  10. used Epic of Gilgamesh ~ tale of man searching for immortality → he encounters a 
man who had survived a worldwide flood by building a ship(Noah's Ark) 
11. most famous for their religious ideas → influenced the Old Testament  built giant temples(Ziggurats) made of sun­dried bricks  200 feet long, 150 feet wide, 70 feet high  used for sacrifices  Genesis ~ people built a tower(Tower of Babel) to meet God face­to­face → 
God made the people all start speaking different languages so they couldn't 
finish building the tower 
12. about 2300 B.C. Sumeria was taken over and disappeared         B. Empires of the Fertile Crescent  1. Babylon ~ began around 1900 B.C.  King Hammurabi ~ R. 1728 – 1686 B.C. → sixth king  Code of Hammurabi – 282 laws; ex. Treat foreigners well, all contracts must 
be in writing, employers are required to pay fair wages; based on savage 
principle of “an eye for an eye”; lots of capital punishment for little things(ex. 
Witchcraft) → death if wife commits adultery, unmarried daughter lost her 
virginity, incest, bestiality, or homosexuality 
about 1600 B.C. Babylon is conquered by the Hittites  2. Assyria ~ 1400 B.C.  Capital = Nineveh 

This is the end of the preview. Please to view the rest of the content
Join more than 18,000+ college students at California State University - Fullerton who use StudySoup to get ahead
3 Pages 20 Views 16 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
Join more than 18,000+ college students at California State University - Fullerton who use StudySoup to get ahead
School: California State University - Fullerton
Department: History
Course: World Civilization to 16th Century
Professor: Stefan Chrissanthos
Term: Winter 2016
Tags: Prehistory
Name: HIST 110A - Prehistory
Description: Prehistory Notes
Uploaded: 09/16/2016
3 Pages 20 Views 16 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
Recommended Documents
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to Cal State Fullerton - HIST 110 - Class Notes - Week 5
Join with Email
Already have an account? Login here
×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to Cal State Fullerton - HIST 110 - Class Notes - Week 5

Forgot password? Reset password here

Reset your password

I don't want to reset my password

Need help? Contact support

Need an Account? Is not associated with an account
Sign up
We're here to help

Having trouble accessing your account? Let us help you, contact support at +1(510) 944-1054 or support@studysoup.com

Got it, thanks!
Password Reset Request Sent An email has been sent to the email address associated to your account. Follow the link in the email to reset your password. If you're having trouble finding our email please check your spam folder
Got it, thanks!
Already have an Account? Is already in use
Log in
Incorrect Password The password used to log in with this account is incorrect
Try Again

Forgot password? Reset it here