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UNL / Psychology / PSYC 287 / Who should observe the person?

Who should observe the person?

Who should observe the person?


School: University of Nebraska Lincoln
Department: Psychology
Course: Psychology of Personality
Professor: Pearce
Term: Fall 2016
Cost: 25
Name: Week Four Notes
Description: These notes include the in class notes from week four!
Uploaded: 09/16/2016
2 Pages 12 Views 1 Unlocks

Psychology of Personality

Who should observe the person?

PSYC 287

Week Four Notes

9/13 in class notes

Personality Judgments – Chapter 5 continued

∙ Apply what you learned next week:

o Convergent validity: seek to obtain assessments in more than  one situation

o Interrater reliability: seek to obtain assessment from more than  one judge

o Who should observe the person?

 More than one judge

 Pick someone to be the judge who people identify as a  good judge of personality

 Mae sure the judge is paying attention and trying to make  a good assessment  

o Observe the Person

 From first impression: what can you judge reliably from  your first impression?

 What kinds of situations should you observe the person in? ∙ Weak situations will allow for more expressions of  

What is the difference between personality types and traits?

personality in behavior

 Talk to the person

∙ Advice to friend:

o Determine traits of interest

o Select situation that will allow for a range of behaviors relevant  to the trait of interest If you want to learn more check out What are the three names that refer to the study of biological bases of behavior?

o Pay attention to the person’s behavior

o Consider situation and behavior and draw sound inferences  about the traits of interest

o Remember that you will be judged too  

Chapter 6: Personality Types and Traits

∙ Personality Traits vs. Types

o Main focus: personality traits

o Personality trait refers to characteristics of a person relative to  others Don't forget about the age old question of What is the substitute in plane equation?

 A person may have more than one trait  

What are the somatotypes?

We also discuss several other topics like What are the elements of visual design?

 Emphasis is on quantitative differences between people o Personality types refer to different varieties of individuals  Generally, a person only has one type

 Emphasis is on qualitative differences between people

∙ Personality Types

o Carl Jung’s typology

 Myers-Briggs Type Indicator

o William Herbert Sheldon’s somatotypes

o Origins in embryology

 Ectoderm (skin & nerves)

 Mesoderm (digestive tract

o Somatotypes are body types associated w/ these fundamental  elements

∙ Somatotypes

o Ectomorph

 Long, thin limbs

 Low fat storage

 Typically perceived as intelligent but fearful

o Mesomorph

 Wide shoulders  

 Narrow waist

 Muscular w/ low fat storage

 Typically perceived as popular & hardworking

o Endomorph

 Increased fat storage

 Wide waist

 Stereotyped as slow, lazy, messy, funny

o Somatotype theory is now regarded as invalid, but stereotypes  based on body type persist

∙ Modern Personality Type Research

o 3 types tend to emerge in different studies involving people in  different countries: We also discuss several other topics like What percent of data will lie within 2 standard deviation of the mean?

 well-adjusted (flexible, resourceful, successful,  

interpersonal relationships)

 maladjusted over-controlling (self-deprivation difficulty  maintaining interpersonal relationships) We also discuss several other topics like What does high silica content mean?
If you want to learn more check out Hat part in function syntax is used to provide inputs to the method?

 maladjusted under-controlling (impulsive)

o the 3 types are said to represent qualitative differences in people o they do not predict behavior that is not explained by the trait  approach

∙ Type vs. Traits continued

o Type approach = qualitative differences, individual focus o Trait approach = quantitative differences, traits related to group ∙ 3 general approaches to studying traits:  

o single-trait approach, many-trait approach, essential-trait  approach

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