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TEXAS STATE / Engineering / PSY 3322 / What are the three names that refer to the study of biological bases o

What are the three names that refer to the study of biological bases o

What are the three names that refer to the study of biological bases o

Description

School: Texas State University
Department: Engineering
Course: Brain and Behavior
Professor: Carmen westerberg
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: psych, 3322, brain, and, behavior, and exam1
Cost: 50
Name: Psych 3322- Exam 1
Description: This study guide covers the first topic in Psych: Brain and Behavior.
Uploaded: 09/16/2016
3 Pages 43 Views 1 Unlocks
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Friday, September 16, 2016


What are the three names that refer to the study of biological bases of behavior?



Psych 3322: Study Guide Ch. 1

Chapter 1- An Introduction to Brain and Behavior

- Three names that refer to the study of biological bases of behavior= 1) Biological  Psychology 2) Physiological Psychology 3) Behavioral Neuroscience

- The relation between Neuroscience and Neuropsychology= Neuroscience covers  many bases and many aspects of the neurons in the brain./ Neuropsychology covers  the behaviors relating with the brain and their neurons.

- The biggest reason why people want to understand the relationship between  the brain and behavior= Because 1 in 5 people have either neurological or  psychological disorder and the better we understand the brain and possible diseases  the better we would understand maybe some the behaviors that go with it.


What is the relation between neuroscience and neuropsychology?



- The difference between Neurological and Psychiatric disorder= Neurological  disorder is in the body of the nervous system; its the structural biochemical or electric  abnormalities in the brain./ Psychiatric disorder is a diagnosis of behavioral or mental  pattern that may cause suffering or a poor ability to function in life.

- Two ways behavior can affect the brain= 1) by neuroplasticity (which is the  experience that can alter the size of the brain regions, or the connections between  brain cells. Ex. The more you have to remember for your job, maybe the bigger your  hippocampus would grow.// 2) by neurogenesis (which is the birth of new cells while  you sleep or exercise. We also discuss several other topics like What is the substitute in plane equation?

- The brain and behavior have a “reciprocal relationship” because…= They both  can influence each other; new theories like the two above this question show that  behavior can actual have an affect on the brain, while the brain positively has an  affect on behavior.


What is the biggest reason why people want to understand the relationship between the brain and behavior?



- The first to suggest (in writing) that the brain control behavior= Galen of 200  A.D. from Pergamon

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- The Ancient Greeks and Egyptians believed that which organ held all of your  mental capacities?= The Heart

- During the Renaissance= 1) 7 pairs of brain nerves were discovered. 2) Dualism  (dealing with the correlation of the brain and the mind) was proposed. 3) Thomas  Willis developed neurological treatments.

- Dualism= theory that the (mind and body) and the (mind and brain) were VERY  different.

- Function of the Pineal Gland= where the mind interacted with the body after  recording the brain mechanisms responsible for circulating cerebrospinal fluid.  (Descartes had this idea)  Don't forget about the age old question of What are the elements of visual design?

- The “Mind and Brain Problem”= the Mind is the mental processes, thoughts and  consciousness./ the Body is about the physical aspects of the brain neurons and how  the brain is structured./ The Mind and Brain problem is how they interact with each  other, and whether or not they are the same thing.

- Definition of “Localization of Function”= the principle that specific functions have  relatively circumscribed locations in some particular part or organ of the body.  

- Patient Tan and his contribution to the idea of Localization of Function= Patient  Tan (Monsieur Leborgne) could not speak and could only mutter the phrase “Tan.” Dr.  Broca studied Tan’s brain and discovered that most of his brain worked perfectly,  while the other other part did not at all, giving him the idea that his speech problem  came from a certain part in the brain. (This part of the brain now is called Broca’s  Aphasia)

- A failed attempt at Localization of Function= Phrenology: the shape of the skull  determined behavior. It was said that any bumps on your skull was a certain character  in your behavior and you had to be tested to see all of your characteristics. Don't forget about the age old question of How do you know if a distribution is symmetric or skewed?

- Social Neuroscience= understanding how systems implement social processes and  behavior.

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- Can biological factors affect what people find to be attractive?= Yes, girls may  find certain things attractive during their menstrual cycle.

- Recent experiments on consciousness have showed us that= that even when  people are in a vegetative state, they can still hear and respond to us. (We know very  little about consciousness but we do know that the vegetive state is the deepest form  of it.)

- Four current theoretical perspectives= 1) Systematic Description of Behavior  (observation) 2) Evolution of Behavior (why tickling is used for social bonding) 3)  Biological Mechanisms of Behavior (neurons/ nerve cells) 4) Life- span Development  of Brain and Behavior (otogeny). We also discuss several other topics like Which escape sequence is used to print?

- Otogeny= the development or course of development of an individual organism. - Best theoretical perspective?= None are the best, all are equal.

Note: Study Guides for topic 2,3, and 4 are here on Study Soup as  well! Don't forget about the age old question of How did copernicus impact society?
Don't forget about the age old question of What does high silica content mean?

Good luck with Exam 1!

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