New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

sociology study guide

by: Ymani Brewer

sociology study guide socy 1101-002

Ymani Brewer

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

these notes cover everything that is going to be on the exam
intro to sociology
Dr. Rob Freeland
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in intro to sociology

Popular in Sociology

This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Ymani Brewer on Friday September 16, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to socy 1101-002 at University of North Carolina - Charlotte taught by Dr. Rob Freeland in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 110 views. For similar materials see intro to sociology in Sociology at University of North Carolina - Charlotte.


Reviews for sociology study guide


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/16/16
Chapter 1: Goal of sociology as a science? - Explanations that are “ahistorical, invariant, or generalizable Founder of sociology? - comte Rationalism vs. empiricism- Rationalism- reason is the source of knowledge, empiricism- experience is the source of knowledge Thomas theorem- even fictions we create are real if their effects are real What does social construction of reality mean? - anything that exerts some effect must be considered real Terms Micro vs. macro- micro-small-scale social phenomena such as individuals and their thoughts and actions, macro- – large-scale like groups organizations, cultures Agency vs. structure- Agency-Individual social power and capacity for creativity, structure-any emergent pattern of social relations that condition behaviors/outcomes Institutions-– Enduring set of behavioral and relationship patterns Organization- Specific social entity, goal-oriented, deliberately structured and linked to the external environment Social location-position within a social system Durkheim – 4 types of suicide 1. Fatalistic (regulation based)- when people see no other escape from oppressive, harsh conditions (slaves) 2. Anomic (regulation based) – when people’s lives are suddenly disrupted by major social events (war, famine) 3. Altruistic (integration based) – when integration is too strong (Sacrifice oneself for others) 4. Egoistic (integration based) – when social ties (group, family, community) are weak or de-emphasized, people feel disconnected and alone Regulation-degree of external constraint on people Integration- ties that bind one another Chapter 2: Theory vs. hypotheses vs. theoretical perspective- theory-set of ideas intended to provide a causal explanation of a fact or phenomena hypotheses- are predictions of what will happen if a theory is correct theoretical perspective- – the perspective that a research adopts to start developing a theory Also referred to as grand social theories, theoretical paradigms, perspectives, or metatheory Functionalism (Durkheim)- major concern was social facts, such as social structures and cultural norms and values, that impose themselves on people (collective conscience) Mechanical vs. organic solidarity Mechanical- bonds derived from shared experience in which people worked together on common tasks Organic- – solidarity based on mutual interdependence Anomie- - a state of normlessness (a characteristic of the system not the individual) Manifest vs. latent functions Manifest- - the intended functions of an institution Latent- - unintended or secondary consequences Conflict (Marx) Marx’s main contribution to sociology? - the development of the class conflict perspective (Historical materialism – understanding history and society through the lens of economic competition) Bourgeoisie vs. proletariat Bourgeoisie-owners of productive capital Proletariat- workers who sell their labor Why do capitalists need profits? – necessity of the system (innovation takes money) Alienation-work is meaningless and nothing more than a means of survival (workers are replaceable) Exploitation-Bourgeoisie extract value from workers Antagonistic- mutually exclusive class interest (workers want the highest pay possible) False consciousness – worked against their own best interests and for the interests of the capitalist class (Tax breaks for the rich) Class consciousness – exploitation would end when the proletariat become aware of their situation What was the main point of Weber’s Protestant Ethic? - How Protestantism influenced the rise of the capitalist spirit What are Weber’s three dimensions of power? 1. Economic (class) 2. Symbolic (status) Professors have status 3. Political (party) Characteristics of bureaucracy- 1. Impersonal - positions not individuals 2. Hierarchical authority 3. Functional specialization 4. Written rules 5. Technical competence What does rational mean? deliberate calculation of most efficient means to accomplish a particular task Symbolic interactionism- focuses on the role of symbols and how meaning is shared and understood What is meaning defined by? - defined by differences in behavior What is a symbol? - anything that conveys meaning Chapter 4: Culture- the ideas, beliefs, values, and material objects that allow a group, even an entire society, to carry out their collective lives in relative order and harmony Values- general and abstract standards defining what a group or society considers good, right, just, and proper Norms- rules that guide what people do and how they live Folkways-- norms that are relatively unimportant and carry few sanctions Mores- important norms whose violation is met with a severe negative sanction Ideology- Set of shared beliefs that explains the social world (Guides people’s actions) Sanctions- - positive (rewards) or negative (punishments) when norms are accepted or violated Material vs. symbolic culture Material- artifacts that are reflections or physical manifestations of culture Symbol-the non-material aspects of culture (Values and norms are two key forms) Ethnocentrism- Beliefs that one’s own norms, values, traditions, and material and symbolic aspects of one’s own culture are better than another Cultural relativism- all aspects of culture (norms, values, etc.) must be understood within one’s own culture and that there are no universally accepted norms or values Subculture vs. counterculture Subculture- a group of people who accept much of the dominant culture, but are set apart from it by one or more culturally significant characteristic Counterculture- a group of people who are set apart from the dominant culture and their norms and values are incompatible with it Multiculturalism- an environment in which cultural differences are accepted and appreciated by the majority dominant group Cultural imperialism- imposition of one dominant culture on other cultures Consumer culture- a culture in which the core ideas and material objects relate to consumption What is a Veblen good? - something that is valued because it is expensive Gemeinschaft vs. gesellschaft Gemeinschaft- community Gesellschaft- society Social capital- social networks as resource


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.