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Exam Study Guide

by: Tara Heuple

Exam Study Guide Psych 105

Tara Heuple
GPA 2.8

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About this Document

Exam 1 Study Guide
Intro to Psych
Cristina Wilson
Study Guide
50 ?




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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Tara Heuple on Friday September 16, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psych 105 at Washington State University taught by Cristina Wilson in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psych in Psychlogy at Washington State University.


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Date Created: 09/16/16
Tuesday, September 2, 2014 Psych 105 Unit 1 - The beginning of the study was started from William Harvey’s (1628) book, “De Motu Cordis”. - Coincided with the general revival of science. - The central nervous system is our brain an spinal cord. - The peripheral nervous system is what we see and is what interacts with the environment. - The peripheral nervous system is broken down to the somatic system which means body which is the communication part, broken down further to afferent (sensory) and efferent (motor). This executes voluntary, or sometimes involuntary actions. - Another part of the system is called the autonomic system which means it is automatic, these are self-regulated functions and processes. These are broken into sympathetic (heating up) and parasympathetic (cooling down) branches. - *Skin Conductance Response* This measures your arousals through a system put onto your fingers. - The functions of the autonomic system have to do with the cascading stress response which causes you to freeze (parasympathetic), fight or flight (sympathetic), and then going into tonic immobility - for humans it is sympathetic and for animals it is parasympathetic. - The central nervous system communicates incoming sensory messages to the brain and to outgoing motor messages to muscles which come from the spinal cord. - The folds and wrinkles in your brain give you surface area. As humans we have a lot and the human brain typically weighs three pounds. The hindbrain is shared between us and other animals. The brain shares the functions of balance and vital functions with other animals, but humans have evolved past them. The front of the brain holds language, thoughts and memory. 
 1 Tuesday, September 2, 2014 - Tolerance is when you need more of a substance to get the same affect. - Addiction is when it interferes with your day to day schedule. - Withdrawal is the effects that occur when you stop taking a drop after you have a tolerance. - Stimulants are substances that activate the nervous system and it’s activity. (Caffeine, nicotine, cocaine, amphetamines, ecstasy) - With stimulants you develop a tolerance very fast and getting addicted is common. The withdrawal symptoms for these are psychological and physical including depression, irritability, and problems sleeping. - Hallucinogens are substances that induce qualitatively different state of consciousness. (Dissociative, Psychedelics - revealing true states from the mind) - With hallucinogens tolerance can develop but being addicted is not common. You can have psychological withdrawals including fatigue, irritability, anxiety, and depression. - Marijuana is legalized in Washington for recreational and medical use. Based on statistics women are more likely to experience chronic pain and this can help. - The negative effects of marijuana are cognitive impairments. - Unconsciousness is linked to Sigmund Freud who was known for a large contribution to psychology, he was nominated for two nobel peace prizes, and he was disliked. He said that our behavior can be motivated by unknown thoughts and desires. - Our unconsciousness is not rational. There are three aspects to these thoughts which are the pleasure principle(ID) - I want, the reality principle(EGO) - I will, and the superego - I should. 
 2 Tuesday, September 2, 2014 - Freudian Unconscious…how do we keep the ID from consciousness? Defense mechanisms (denial, sublimation - action to action, displacement - person to person, projection - self to person, rationalize) - Legacy of Freud: plausible ideas, but not falsifiable, core ideas of unconscious self remains strong in psychology. - Sleep is the patterns of brain activity that moves through a specific sequence. - Awake and alert times are called beta waves. Awake and drowsy times are called alpha waves. When you are drifting to sleep you have hypnagogic hallucinations or myoclonic jerks. - Non REM sleep is when you just fall asleep (50-70 minutes). Alpha waves turn into theta waves. Theta waves are drowsy/meditating 4-7 waves per second. The sleep spindles and K complexes. Then delta/theta waves. Then just delta waves which are deep sleep and dreamless sleep waves which are 0.5-2 waves per second. - REM sleep means Rapid Eye Movement. This is voluntary muscle movement that is suppressed, your breathing increases during this time, and you start to dream. 3


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