Popular in His Of English Language
Popular in ENGLISH (ENG)
This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Lauren Mason on Friday September 16, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ENG 210 at University of Kentucky taught by Andrew M. Byrd in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see His Of English Language in ENGLISH (ENG) at University of Kentucky.
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Date Created: 09/16/16
Why do Languages change? Linguist Reasons: 1) Ease of articulation 2) Regularization 3) Innovation Social Reasons: 1) Language contact 2) Group identity 3) The “cool” factor The history of writing English • pictographic theory - iconic pictures of concrete concepts evolved into abstract linguistic signs cave paintings • • cuneiform - made with a stylus on damp clay • tokens Writing systems Phonographic 1) Syllabic • graphemes represent syllables (completely or incompletely) Segmental 2) • graphemes represent phonemes (completely or incompletely) writing signs may either be… • Iconic- the signifier bears strong resemblance to the signified • Symbolic- arbitrary relationship between the signifier and signified Phonetic Features of both consonant and vowels Algeo’s definition of language: “[a] system of convention vocal signs by means of which human beings communicate” Morphemes a meaningful morphological unit of language that cannot be further divided [in- come-ing forms “incoming”] Phonemes phonemes are individual sounds ex: how many phonemes in cat? —3 — c a t Diachrony and Synchrony Diachrony: the study of language over time Synchrony: looking at language during a specific time IPASymbols for English Consonants pay [p] bay [b] may [m] tie [t] die [d] no [n] cake [k] go [ɡ] sing [ŋ] fee [f] vow [v] so [s] zoo [z] thigh [θ] they [ð] show [ʃ] Jacques [ʒ] church [tʃ] judge [dʒ] lie [l] rye [ɹ] yes [j] weigh [w] hay [h] IPASymbols for English Vowels heed, beat [i] hid, bit[ɪ] hate, bait [ej] head, bet [ɛ] had, bat [æ] hot, bought [ɔ] hoe, boat [ow] who, boot [u] hood, book [ʊ] hut, but [ʌ] hide, bite [aj] how, bout [aw] boy [ɔj] heard, Bert [ɹ̩ ahead, telegraph [əә]
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