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Anatomy & Physiology Exam 1 Chapter 1 Review Questions

by: Noah Chapman

Anatomy & Physiology Exam 1 Chapter 1 Review Questions BIOL 1551 - 01

Marketplace > Youngstown State University > Biology > BIOL 1551 - 01 > Anatomy Physiology Exam 1 Chapter 1 Review Questions
Noah Chapman
GPA 3.76

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About this Document

For Anatomy & Physiology 1 the first Exam is Friday September 23, 2016. This is a review of chapter 1 with the answers at the end of the study guide. The study guide is based off in-class notes and...
Anatomy and Physiology 1
Deborah F Benyo
Study Guide
exam, Anatomy& Physiology, september
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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Noah Chapman on Friday September 16, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to BIOL 1551 - 01 at Youngstown State University taught by Deborah F Benyo in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 93 views. For similar materials see Anatomy and Physiology 1 in Biology at Youngstown State University.


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Date Created: 09/16/16
Anatomy & Physiology  Dr. Benyo: MWF 1:00 – 1:50 EXAM 1: Study Guide Chapters 1­4 EXAM 1: Friday September 23, 2016  Answers are at the end of the review but it is in your best interest to do the review first and take  it like a test then see what you missed and what you need to study. Chapter 1 Review Questions  Part 1 1) What is the study of structure & relationships of structures?  2) What is the study of the Function of the body’s structures? Match the term with the correct definitions  a) Organism      b) Organ c) System d) Tissue e) Cell  f) Organ Use for above terms and they’re not in order! i. Smallest unit of organism to carry basic functions of life ii. Cells of one type together iii. A structure where 2+ tissues work together for a specific function  iv. Living individual  v. 2+ functionally­related organs work together  Match the terms with the correct definitions: a) Metabolism  b) Organization c) Development d) Responsiveness  e) Reproduction f) Stem Cells g) Mitosis  Use for above terms and they’re not in order! i. Living things expend energy to maintain order (structure) & living matter is compartmentalized  into Cells  ii. Ability to detect & respond to stimuli  iii. Change in form or function over time  iv. Chemical reaction within the body to take molecules from environment and change them for use  in the body v. Production of new cells or individuals  vi. Cells that undergo constant division  vii. Constant cell division into identical cells  Part 2 Multiple Choice: Select the best answer  1) Maintenance of a stable internal environment is known as? a. receptor  b. stimulus  c.  effector  d. homeostasis   2) Effector response enhances the original stimulus or brings about further change to regulate is  known as? a. effector  b. reproduction  c. negative feedback  d. positive feedback  3) Effector response enhances the original stimulus to get back to set point; loop brings back to  normal is known as? a. homeostasis  d. organ b. metabolism  c. negative feedback  4) Structure that carries out corrective action is known as? a. atoms  c. stimulus b. nucleus d. effector  5) Disrupts of a variable is known as? a. receptor  b. anatomy c.   physiology  d. stimulus  6) Structure that senses the change in condition and signals is known as?                    a. neutron  b. proton                    c. effector d. receptor  7.) Inability to maintain Homeostasis is known as? a) Pathophysiology   b) Golgi complex c) Ribosomes     d) Mitosis  8.) Building molecules from smaller subunits is the definition for which term? b) Metabolism  c) Anabolism  d) Catabolism  e) Reproduction 9.) Breaking down macromolecules into smaller subunits is the definition for which term? a) Anabolism  b) Stem Cells c) Catabolism d) Chromosomes Part 3  True or False: write T for true if the statement is true or F for false if the statement is false and if  the statement is false put the write term that makes the statement true. 1) Growth is the increase in cell size.  2) An example of differentiation is the embryonic stem cell.  3) Hypertrophy is the individual cell growth. 4) There are 11 organ systems in a boy and they are the digestive system, muscular system,  integumentary system, skeletal system, nervous system, endocrine system, circulatory  system, lymphatic system, respiratory system, urinary system, and the reproductive  system. 5) An example of positive feedback is when a man is giving birth.  6) An example of negative feedback is when insulin helps regulate the blood sugar. Anatomy & Physiology  Dr. Benyo: MWF 1:00 – 1:50 EXAM 1: Study Guide Chapters 1­4 ANSWERS  EXAM 1: Friday September 23, 2016  Chapter 1 Review Questions  Part 1 Answers  1) Anatomy  2) Physiology a) Organism: (iv) Living individual  b) Organ: (iii) a structure where 2+ tissues work together for a specific function  c) System: (v) 2+ functionally­related organs work together  d) Tissue: (ii) cells of one type together  e) Cell: (i) Smallest unit of organism to carry basic functions of life h) Metabolism: (iv) Chemical reaction within the body to take molecules from environment  and change them for use in the body i) Organization: (i) Living things expend energy to maintain order (structure) & living  matter is compartmentalized into Cells  j) Development: (iii) Change in form or function over time k) Responsiveness: (ii) Ability to detect & respond to stimuli l) Reproduction: (v) Production of new cells or individuals  m) Stem Cells: (vi) Cells that undergo constant division  n) Mitosis: (vii) Constant cell division into identical cells Part 2 Answers Multiple Choice  6) Maintenance of a stable internal environment is known as? d. homeostasis   7) Effector response enhances the original stimulus or brings about further change to regulate is known as? d. positive feedback  8) Effector response enhances the original stimulus to get back to set point; loop brings back to normal is known  as? c. negative feedback  9) Structure that carries out corrective action is known as? d. effector  10) Disrupts of a variable is known as? d. stimulus  6) Structure that senses the change in condition and signals is known as? d. receptor  7.) Inability to maintain Homeostasis is known as? a. Pathophysiology 8.) Building molecules from smaller subunits is the definition for which term? c. Anabolism  9.) Breaking down macromolecules into smaller subunits is the definition for which term? c. Catabolism  Part 3 Answers  True or False  1) Growth is the increase in cell size. – False, growth is not the correct term. Correct term is  hyperplasia  2) An example of differentiation is the embryonic stem cell. ­­ False, embryonic stem cell is  an example of mitosis 3) Hypertrophy is the individual cell growth. ­­ True 4) There are 11 organ systems in a boy and they are the digestive system, muscular system,  integumentary system, skeletal system, nervous system, endocrine system, circulatory  system, lymphatic system, respiratory system, urinary system, and the reproductive  system. ­­ True 5) An example of positive feedback is when a man is giving birth. – False because a man  cannot give birth therefore the correct sentence would be woman 6) An example of negative feedback is when insulin helps regulate the blood sugar. ­­ True


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