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Stud y Guide Art History

by: Anahit Ghaltaghchyan

Stud y Guide Art History PSY 3

Anahit Ghaltaghchyan

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Psych 3-Biopsychology
Study Guide
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This 17 page Study Guide was uploaded by Anahit Ghaltaghchyan on Friday September 16, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSY 3 at University of California Santa Barbara taught by Staff in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 59 views. For similar materials see Psych 3-Biopsychology in Psychlogy at University of California Santa Barbara.


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Date Created: 09/16/16
Jan Vermeer Domestic interior scene Very Represented very naturalistically Ambitious claim about the work of the painter A picture within a picture Woman dressed up to be an allegorical representation The allegory is identifiable, she is the Muse of history( recognizable) Narrative painting Capable of addressing issued of history, that is scene to be the most ambitious subject that a painter can paint Compared to Velasquez Las Meninas Aware of and interested in placing a theme on their works of art, perhaps a philosophical one, which has an effect on society Woman weighing gold Very simple yet very eloquent Something that people did in the Netherlands at the time Picture on the wall behind her The last judgment is going on Souls of blessed and damned is weighed Day to day chore of weighing becomes a metaphor for the ultimate judgment of one’s worth Thinking about her own life and whether she is worthy to be blessed Young woman with a pearl necklace 1663 Luxurious clothes Admiring her own reflection Pearls are a symbol of vanity and purity Vanity that should be avoided Representation of how vain one can be Yet there is an element of purity and innocence in her Sympathetically representing a certain kind of natural vanity and an perfectly acceptable thing Rembrandt ▯ Wasn’t willing to submit to the characteristics of classical style Binding of Samson 1638 Very dramatic representation of the scene Tells a story in a very vivid and dramatic way Attracts and holds your attention Similar to Ruben’s Prometheus Bound Avoidance on classical ideal of heroic beauty expressed through the anatomy Great dramatic power, which makes it even more engaging Bathsheba King David very smitten by her (Bible story) Tragic consequences because she ends up leaving her husband for the king Invited to admire her and see her the way that Kind David would Looks away in a thoughtful matter Sensing how problematic this arrangement is going to be Excused all the extraneous elements of the story to emphasize what she was feeling at that moment The shooting company of Captain Cocq “The Night Watch” 1642 Dramatized group portrait Sense of them walking into our space Christ Preaching (print) 1649 Radiant presence against the dark Told to sell all his material items and following Christ Rembrandt Self Portrait 1659 Tremendous brushstrokes Visible Tragic nature of his life is being testified Piercing eyes Instrument of deep psychological expression Paint is used to express Rembrandt’s inner qualities (spirit, soul) Rembrandt Woman at a Door 1656 Portrait of his second wife Combination of honesty and poetic mastery of painting Woman is sees against a dark setting, eyes look very alluring and expressive Has no interest in showing her clothes in a luxurious way Small details are very insignificant compared to how the painting communicates Little effort left to idealize her body (she’s heavy) Sensuality Woman at a Door compared to Mona Lisa ▯ Hyacinth Rigaud Portrait of Louis XIV 1700 ▯ ▯ Gives you an idea of what the culture of France was like under the reign of Louis XIV ▯ Gives you a sense of a superior aristocrat ▯ Shown his status through his luxurious style of dressing and the material items around him ▯ Notion of absolute monarchy during this time period ▯ ▯ ▯ Louis LeVau & Jules Mansart Palace of Versailles 1668-85 ▯ Largest and grandest palace of all ▯ The garden can be a metaphor for an entire kingdom, the idea of France ▯ Completing with the scale of buildings that belong to the Catholic church ▯ ▯ ▯ Hall of Mirrors, Jules Mansart & Charles LeBrun begun 1678 ▯ Courtly spectacle- kind of like a theatre ▯ Louis waking up, eating, all spectacles ▯ Charles begun art academy in late 1600’s ▯ Establishing a style and taste of decoration ▯ ▯ Jules Monsart and Others, Royal Chapel, Versailles begun 1698 colorful, allusionistic to baroque ceilings Distinctiveness in tone ▯ Chapel- austere grandeur ▯ Different style for secular and non secular space ▯ ▯ ▯ Charles LeBrun, Naivety 1689 ▯ ▯ Mostly worked in Versailles ▯ Religious in subject ▯ Represents the scene at night, shows his mastery ▯ Made Poussin’s painting the standard to French academies ▯ Makes great use of light and shade, light coming from lamp, fire etc ▯ Adapts Poussin’s model of geometry and modifies it with the use of light hitting the figures ▯ Light created by the fire serves to intensify the emotions on everyone’s faces ▯ ▯ Charles LeBrun The Clemency of Alexander 1660 ▯ ▯ Soldiers found the family of an enemy(Darius), and he spared their lives since he was so touched ▯ Uplifting moral story ▯ Serves Louis and his successors on how a king should behave ▯ Varied the emotions on each one of Darius’ family members ▯ Shows understanding of human nature, how different people react to situations differently ▯ Codifying emotion ▯ Painter as philosopher (inspired by da Vinci) ▯ ▯ TAPESTRY ▯ Louis XIV Visiting the Gobelins Workshop 1667 ▯ ▯ ▯ Shift from Baroque style to rococo ▯ ▯ ▯ Upbeat light effect ▯ ▯ ▯ Neoclassicism -Development of style (architecture) ▯ ▯ Antoine Watteau Embarkation for Cythera 1717 ▯ ▯ -distinctive and different in how it feels from what we’ve seen ▯ looks like “late baroque” ▯ Pilgrimage to the island sacred to love (Island where Aphrodite was first brought to shore) ▯ Couple’s courting one another , paying respect to venus ▯ Lightness and delicacy ▯ Stages of love ▯ Dreamy landscape ▯ Rosy glow ▯ ▯ J.H. Fragonard The Progress of Love (The Lover Crowned) 1772 ▯ Recreation of rooms similar to Versailles ▯ Episodes in the stage of how love develops ▯ Painted freely, more energetically ▯ Dreamy feel and landscape ▯ Fragonard is trying to capture the way one would see the world if you are in love ▯ ▯ J.B. Greuze The Father’s Curse 1777-8 ▯ More severe, heroic ambitious paintings created ▯ more serious subjects ▯ Rather than going back to Greco roman subjects, he painted themes from everyday problems (social issues such as poverty, family, generational problems etc) Illustrates country life Meant for aristocrats in the city Son leaves without father’s permission, father curses his son Ambitious fiery son (sees bigger things for himself) The son punished 1777 Father is shown on death bed Much misery Life story- meant to teach Life of poor people was not much of an interest for people Benjamin West, Death of General Wolfe 1770 BRITAIN English academy finally established in 1760’s French and Indian war, the British general dies even though his army wins Heroic sacrifice (Pathos) Using contemporary history as opposed to ancient history Native American represents North America, where the scene is taking place Jacques-Louis David, Oath of the Horati 1784 sensational early roman history 3 vs 3 on each side Horace’s sons- makes sons swear that they will fight till the death 3 daughters of Horace are engaged to the 3 men on the opposing side Either way, the women lose Female suffering vs manly courage Intensifies drama by using gender Example of heroic male conduct and the negative consequences Serious subject Saving country yet destroying your family David àLeBrunà Poussin Intensity is similar to that of Caravaggio’s


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