New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

1st Midterm Exam Study Guide

by: Brittany Temple

1st Midterm Exam Study Guide PHI 1113

Marketplace > Mississippi State University > Philosophy > PHI 1113 > 1st Midterm Exam Study Guide
Brittany Temple
GPA 3.45

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes are what the exam will be on
Intro to logic
Study Guide
philosophy, logic, intro
50 ?




Popular in Intro to logic

Popular in Philosophy

This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Brittany Temple on Saturday September 17, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PHI 1113 at Mississippi State University taught by Staff in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Intro to logic in Philosophy at Mississippi State University.


Reviews for 1st Midterm Exam Study Guide


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/17/16
Argument­  in its simplest form, is a group of statements, one or more of which (the premises) are  claimed to provide support for, or reasons to believe, one of the others (the conclusion).  Statement­ a sentence that is either true or false—in other words, typically a declarative sentence or a  sentence component that could stand as a declarative sentence.  Premise­the statements that set forth the reasons or evidence Conclusion­the statement that the evidence is claimed to support or imply Conclusion Indicators­  therefore accordingly entails that wherefore we may conclude hence thus it must be that it follows that consequently for this reason implies that we may infer so as a result Premise Indicators­ since in that seeing that as indicated by may be inferred from for the reason that because as in as much as for given that owing to Proposition­the meaning or information content of a statement. Nonarguments­ warnings, advice, etc. Explanandum­the statement that describes the event or phenomenon to be explained Explanans­the statement or group of statements that purports to do the explaining Conditional Statements­ “if… then…” statements Necessary and Sufficient Conditions­ being a dog is a sufficient condition for being an animal. being an animal is a necessary condition for being a dog. Induction­argument incorporating the claim that it is improbable that the conclusion be false given that the premises are true.  Deduction­argument incorporating the claim that it is impossible for the conclusion to be false given that the premises are true. Argument Based on Mathematics­argument in which the conclusion depends on some purely arithmetic or geometric computation or measurement. Argument from Definition­argument in which the conclusion is claimed to depend merely on the definition of some word or phrase used in the premise or conclusion. Categorical Syllogism­a syllogism in which each statement begins with one of the words “all,” “no,” or “some.” Hypothetical Syllogism­is a syllogism having a conditional (“if… then”) statement for one or both of its premises. Disjunctive Syllogism­a syllogism having a disjunctive (“either… or…”) statement. Valid argument - in which it is impossible for the conclusion to be false given that the premises are true. Soundness­deductive argument that is valid and has all true premises. Both conditions must be met for an argument to be sound; if either is missing the argument is unsound. Strength­inductive argument in which it is improbable that the conclusion be false given that the premises are true Cogency­ an inductive argument that is strong and has all true premises. Also, the premises must be true in the sense of meeting the total evidence requirement. If any one of these conditions is missing, the argument is uncogent. Negation­ ~, not, not the case Conjunction­  ., and, also, moreover  Disjunction­ v, or, unless Conditional­ horseshow, if.. then, only if Biconditional­ triple bar, if and only if Negation­ denying something Inclusive vs Exclusive Or­ YOU CAN HAVE COOKIES OR CAKE Tautology­ saying the same thing twice but in a different way Contingent Statement­ truth depends on value of argument Appeal to Force­If you don’t like supernatural ill beat you up EX Ad Hominem Abusive­ Attacking a person for believing something Ad Hominem Circumstantial­ This car gets, 2.1 mph, most people get this car for effiency. Customer:  no false bye. Tu Quoque­  Saying something isn’t healthy, then doing it anyway Appeal to Pity­EX: IF you tell my boos, I’ll get you fired, and you won’t be able to feed your kids. Appeal to the People­EX: Try it, everyone’s doing it.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.