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ANEQ 102: Exam 1, Study Guide

by: Emily Bergmann

ANEQ 102: Exam 1, Study Guide ANEQ 102

Marketplace > Colorado State University > Equine Science > ANEQ 102 > ANEQ 102 Exam 1 Study Guide
Emily Bergmann
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

This Study Guide is comprehensive of what we have learned in both lab and in lecture, with multiple choice, true/false and fill in the blanks.
Introduction to Equine Science
Ryan Michael Brooks
Study Guide
Equine Science, intro to equine science, equine, Horse, anatomy
50 ?




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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Emily Bergmann on Saturday September 17, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ANEQ 102 at Colorado State University taught by Ryan Michael Brooks in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 132 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Equine Science in Equine Science at Colorado State University.


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Date Created: 09/17/16
ANEQ 102: Study Guide Exam 1  Anatomy and Conformation  The size of the head is ______________ to the size of the body.  Eyes are ____________ across breeds and genders of horses.  Faults of the eyes include:  ___________ ___________ which decrease binocular vision.  _____________________­ a fault of the mouth where the upper jaw extends over the lower jaw.  _____________________­ a fault of the mouth where the lower jaw extends beyond the upper jaw. Ideal mouth conformation meets ________________ and is ________________ and ____________  The neck should be _______________ and ________________ with a _____________________  topline, fine _______________ and ________________ underline.  The formula for the spinal column is: ______________________________________________________  Length in the neck provides _________________, ___________________ and ____________________.    _________________­ when the topline and underline slope downward, creating _____________   carriage and interferes with the horse’s vision.  The neck should tie _________ into the horse’s shoulder, and if it doesn’t, then the horse will be  _______________________________.  The point of shoulder is made from the (scapula/humerus/ulna) and the point of elbow is made from the  (scapula/humerus/ulna).  The back is from the _________________ to ______________.  _________________­ meeting of neck, back and peak of shoulders.  Thoracic vertebrae (1­10/3­5/4­8) make up the withers and (1­10/3­5/4­8) make up the peak.  Withers should be ______________ and _______________.  _______________ should be the height of the _________________.  Back  ________________________­ the area that supports weight and rider  Collection is easier with a (long/short/medium) back.  Length of the back is determined by ___________________ not ________________ of vertebrae.  __________ back = long ___________  _________________­ dip between withers and loin, it strains ligaments.  Barrel  Want: ​____________ and wide barrel, which translates to more room for the ________________   and _______________.  _______________­ deepest part of underline, close to the elbow.  _______________­short, flat and upright rib cage, limits performance and leaves little room for lung  capacity.  _______________­ underline slopes drastically.  _______________­ carry 65% of horse’s total weight.  (Scapula/Humerus/Ulna/Femur) determines the angle of the shoulder.  Pigeon­toed­ __________________________________________________________________________  Splayed­Footed­_______________________________________________________________________  Shoulder, pastern and hoof wall ____________ should match.  A _______________ shoulder allows for (greater/less) length in stride, and there is (more/less) room to  tuck.  Foreleg  A _____________ humerus allows for an increased range of motion.  The elbow is formed by the _______________.  The forearm is made of the (radius and ulna/humerus and radius/tibia and fibula).  The ____________ joins forearm to cannon, and should be straight and firmly placed.  ___________________­placed/set closely and the strain on the leg is _____________________.  ___________________­knees are set outside and the strain is on the ______________________.  ___________________­knee is not placed squarely on the leg.   Calf Kneed­ ___________________________________________________________________.  Bucked Kneed ­ ________________________________________________________________.  Hindlegs  Supply (more/less) power than forelegs.  _________________­line from point of buttock does not hit hindleg.  _________________­line from point of buttock bisects the horse’s back legs.  Base Narrow­ __________________________________________________________________.  Base Wide­____________________________________________________________________.  ___________________­made from tibia, femur and patella and should be the same height as   elbow.    A (long/short) gaskin allows for a greater swing of hindleg.  The ___________________ is the hardest working joint in the horse’s body.  ________________­ short cannon bone allows for more power for pushing.  ________________­long cannon bone also means there is a shorter tibia.  Sickle Hock­___________________________________________________________________.  Straight Hock­__________________________________________________________________.  Cow Hock­____________________________________________________________________.  Breeds of Horses  _______________________­born to be a utility horse, best suited as a recreational mount.  Composition of ________, _________ and ___________.  Developed for _____________ and a (short, choppy/smooth, easy) gait.  Gaits: ___________________­ brisk and long­reaching, 4 beats, cover 4­8mph.            ___________________­action of back foot slipping going farther than the front.          __________________­ the head movement with the (flat walk/running walk/canter).  ______________________­referred as “peacock of the show world.”  Fine Harness­____________________________________________________________.  Five Gaited­_____________________________________________________________.  Three Gaited­____________________________________________________________.  ____________________­the breed registered through the Jockey Club  Developed for (short/intermediate/long) distance.  Three main sires: ___________________, _____________________ and ____________.  True measure is the ___________________.  Best conformation: _______________________________________________________.  ____________________­ originally called the “American Trotting Horse” and was based solely   off of time, but now time and pedigree.  The time is ____________ for pacers and ____________ for trotters.  Pacing is a _____________ gait.  ____________________­ oldest breed in existence, and contributed to all _________ horse   breeds.  _____________ faced, with a __________, or a bulge on the forehead, and a _________,   or the arch of the neck joining the throatlatch.  Equine Behavior  Anthropomorphism­ _____________________________________________________________  The eyes of the horse are mainly (monocular/binocular) vision.   ________________­ the area where horses see from.  ________________­ 1/3 of horse’s brain; tuned into their senses.  ________________­ usually underdeveloped (limited transfer from both sides of the brain).  Instinctive Behavior­_____________________________________________________________  1.  2.  3.  4.  5.  6.  7.  8.  Learned Behavior­ _______________________________________________________________  ______________­obtaining response caused by stimuli that can be reinforced.  Attributes that affect learning  1.  2.  3.  4.  5.  Bits and Bitting  _________________________­ the point on the horse where they will change direction if there is   a stimuli in front or behind of that line on the horse.  The Hackamore mainly affects the _________________ on the horse.  The snaffle has (no leverage/leverage) on the horse and there is a(n) (indirect/direct) relationship   with the horses mouth.  ______________­hangs on horses poll­ to keep the bridle on.  ______________­ the nosepiece of the bridle.  ______________­ set of reins.  ______________­ keeps the _________ from falling off.    Pressure Points  ___________­ area between a horse’s molars and incisors. (least sensitive area of mouth and employed on  all bits)  If a bit is improperly used, it can not cut a horse’s tongue in half. (True/False)  A port is a part of a bit that extends ______________ the bars. (Wider and higher/narrower) gives  the horse more tongue relief.   The (shank/purchase/bar) extends above where the mouthpiece meets the (shank/purchase/bar).  The _____________ extends below the mouthpiece and is where the ___________ attach,  determining the balance, _________ ____ ___________ and severity of the bit.  Snaffle bits (do/do not) have shanks, and pressure applied is (directly/not directly) related to the pressure  applied in the horse’s mouth.  The purchase to shank ratio is usually _____:_____  Balance on Bits  ___________________­ when reins are released, the shank returns to vertical position.  ___________________­ when reins are released the shank returns to forward position.  ___________________­ when the reins are released, the shank returns to backward position.    Materials used for Bits  1.  2.  3.  4.   5.  The smaller the diameter of the mouthpiece, the less severity of pressure is on the horse’s mouth.  (True/False).  Solid Bits have a slower reaction time than broken mouth bits. (True/False).    Saddles  The Western Saddle was created by ___________________ for the purpose of ____________________.  The English saddle was created for ___________________ and had a (close fit/loose fit/perfect fit) so the  rider was (comfortable/couldn’t move/didn’t fall off).  Parts:  Tree­________________________________________________________________________  Bars­________________________________________________________________________  Swell/Fork/Pommel­____________________________________________________________  Gullet­_______________________________________________________________________  Cantle­_______________________________________________________________________  Rigs  ______________­allows for maximum leg contact with the horse and is still strong  ______________­very strong, bulky, and hangs the lowest  ______________­weakest of the three rigs, hung the highest, and is used for front and back cinch  ______________­used mainly in English saddles, anywhere from 2­5 of them    Types of trees  1.  2.  3.  Types of Leather  1.  2.  3.  4.  5.  Name the Saddle                         


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