Marijuana, MDMA, Peyote Comparison
Marijuana, MDMA, Peyote Comparison FSC 440
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Chelsey Smith on Saturday September 17, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to FSC 440 at University of Southern Mississippi taught by Nesser in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 56 views. For similar materials see Drug Identification in Forensic Science at University of Southern Mississippi.
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Date Created: 09/17/16
CSA Schedule I Marijuana MDMA Peyote Name/ Active Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol 3,4-methylenedioxy Mescaline Substance methamphetamine Structure Classification Variable- stimulant, depressant, Hallucinogen Hallucinogen hallucinogen, similar effects to narcotics Street Names Pot, Mary Jane, kush Ecstasy Cactus, button Distribution -cultivation takes 6-8 months from -in 2003 the Netherlands and -there are only 3 distributers planting to harvesting Belgium produced 80% of worldwide registered to the DEA and is -there are 3 strains: cannabis sativa,MDMA- by 2004 over 33 countries only available for purchase by cannabis indica, cannabis ruderalis were producing MDMA the Native American Church -mainly produced in Mexico and -Until 2004 MDMA trafficking was -mescaline is extracted with South America- there is a small controlled by the Israeli Mafia but organic solvents and will form amount of indoor cultivation in US has been taken over by the Mexican sharp crystals drug cartel -Both plant and mescaline is -generally seen as a capsule, powder, illegal in the US- in Canada and tablet- it can be snorted or melted mescaline is a CII but it is down legal to grow the plant Effects -there are no current definitive -physical effects set in within 30 -after about 30 minutes to an answers on how marijuana affects minutes of ingestion hour the initial effects are felt the body -there is an increase in heart rate and -psychological effects are the -increased heart rate, dry mouth, energy most dominant reddening of eyes, moderate blood -user can lose sense of time and go on -synesthesia- users experience pressure increase for hours without a break a cross of senses - average high is 5-8 hours -the initial psychological effects show -dilated pupils, elevated blood -when marijuana is mixed in food, within 30-45 minutes after ingestion pressure, headache, increased three times the amount must be and the greatest effects are seen at 60- body temperature and heart used to achieve the same effect as a 90 minutes rate, lack of coordination, joint -most noticeable effects wear off after muscle tension, nausea, and -Most common psychological 4-6 hours vomiting responses: euphoria, relaxation, -users generally feel emotional -biggest effect is visual rapid mood changes, increase in closeness and the desire to touch one perception and color sensory perceptions, anxiety, panic, another hallucinations, reduce ability to -lingering effects: anxiety, confusion, concentrate, impairs short term depression, impaired memory (long memory and short term), irritability, panic attacks, paranoia, reduced self-control Dependence -54.5% of marijuana users only use -of the MDMA seized, 50% of the -there is no evidence of long marijuana tablets contained MDMA as the only term addiction -18.3% of high school seniors have active ingredient admitted to using marijuana in the -Many other additives include last 30 days caffeine to boost longevity of effects -19.6% of users will mix with other -user is more likely to develop substances for greater effects dependence onto other drugs that are taken with the drug Price $5-20 depending on strength $10-50 per tablet 50¢-$5 a button Withdrawal -73% of young people (12-17) end -most withdrawal symptoms are due -a tolerance is produced almost up in drug treatment- a serious to the depleted levels of serotonin immediately and can last 3-6 withdrawal occurs for 5-6 days days, making the drug -Symptoms include: cramping, ineffective drug cravings, insomnia, irritability Death Threat/ -there have been studies that link -the reduction in serotonin levels can - if users experience a bad trip Medical Emergency marijuana to learning issues due to cause permanent neurotoxic damage they must be “talked down” short term memory loss and -the flood of serotonin can link because they need someone to inability to concentrate MDMA to many deaths by serotonin help keep them calm by talking syndrome them through their trip Production -Commercial Grade- street -due to the extensive research done -the average mescaline distributors us plants cultivated on MDMA, 20 formulations are concentration is 6% per button with male and female plants published with other 200 different -Peyote only grows in North -Sinsemilla- harvested from chemicals involved Mexico and Southern Texas, unfertilized female plant- light -MDMA appears similar to the flowers are cut off of the shocking- up to 33% THC methamphetamines and has a faint cactus and it takes around 3 -Hash- extraction of resin that is licorice like odor years for a new button to grow dried and pressed together -approximately 2 million -Hash Oil- generally more potent buttons are harvested each year 15-16% THC- leaves soaked in -must be fully dried to keep container of solvent so resin will potency deposit -Jelly Hash- combination of bother hash oil and resin- soft consistency Tests/ Treatment/ -there are over 420 active Research was done on it to control -to purchase Peyote legally the Extra Information substances found in marijuana metal inconsistencies- the US Army person must have at least ¼ -of these, 60 ae cannabinoids which in 1953 manipulated with the formula Indian blood contribute to the psychoactive to use for psychological warfare properties History -in early China it was used for -A patent on MDMA was issued in -over 3,000 years ago, Indians anesthetic properties, increase 1914 to a German drug company in Mexico consumed peyote appetite, and home remedy for -It was developed as a precursor to for rituals and medical issues ailments make other therapeutic drugs -Peyote spread to the lower -Settlers brought seeds from -Became the “in” drug for parties and regions of the US in the Europe to the US to grow for fibers was legal for open sale 1880’s- non Indians viewed the -1937 Marijuana Tax Act- did not - In 1984 MDMA was placed as an act as devilish and attempted to outlaw drug but placed heavy taxes emergency schedule I drug- based on have it permanently outlawed on the cultivation and distribution the laboratory research of MDMA, it but the native American church -In 1943 WWII there was not was to remain on the list- due to the fought to keep it in their enough cotton to support the war so significant control over decreasing culture the US planted over 350,000 serotonin levels -Peyote became popular in the marijuana plants 50’s and supplemented other illicit drugs Pharmacology -affects the CB1 and CB2 receptors -serotonin levels in the brain are -hallucinogenic and behavioral -CB1 is located in the brain and severely depleted due to MDMA, effects involve the stimulation accounts for all psychological and chronic users can lose up to 50-80% of both serotonin and physical effects of normal serotonin levels dopamine in various areas -CB2 is located on white blood -those who used for a short time will -unlike MDMA, peyote will cells in the immune system and has normalize levels after a few weeks allow for the reabsorption of no physical effect on the body -chronic users will never restore their chemicals and avoid long term serotonin levels effects that lead to injury or death
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