TCF 100 Study Guide 1
TCF 100 Study Guide 1 TCF 100
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This 10 page Study Guide was uploaded by baileyxx on Saturday September 17, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to TCF 100 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Kristen Warner in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 257 views.
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Date Created: 09/17/16
TCF 100 Test 1 Study Guide 9/21/16 ▯ Film ▯ Mise-en-Scene Terminology (Bordwell) Mise-en-scene: “putting into scene” visuals, controlling mise-en-scene alters our perception of the ﬁlm’s reality front lighting: tends to eliminate shadows, ﬂat-looking image side light: sculpts character features back lighting: creates silhouettes (not always used) under lighting: distorts features, often used in horror movies EX: ﬁreplace, ﬂashlight top lighting: brings out details key light: primary source, most directional ﬁll light: less illumination, balances out key light(ﬁlls i ) 3 point lighting: consists of key, back and ﬁll light (used in classic hollywood ﬁlmmaking) high key lighting: associated w/ brightly lit situations, suggests diﬀerent lighting conditions / time of day EX: dazzling ballrooms low key illumination: Chiaroscuro - stronger contrasts, sharper / darker shadows ▯ Elements of Mise-en-Scene Setting Lighting • helps create audience’s sense of the scene’s space • 4 features of ﬁlm lighting - quality: relative intensity of ﬁlm lighting(hard lighting / soft lighting) - direction: frontal, side, back, under, top - source: key, ﬁll - color: ﬁlmmakers can chance the color of light w/ diﬀerent ﬁlters Costume / Make-up • costumes have speciﬁc colors / materials etc. • deliberate, ﬁtting, and realistic to character Behavior of Figures (blocking / staging) • space / closeness to someone / body language indicates how character feels ▯ Great Gatsby Screening Guide (speciﬁcally visuals and props • green light at the end of daisy’s dock (across the water from Gatsby’s home) - represents Gatsby’s dream of having her - so close yet still unreachable • with the main character being Gatsby, the visuals helped give the viewer a better understanding of him - willingness to spend money shows he has a carefree attitude towards money and life in general - true epitome of the American Dream in terms of wealth - Gatsby’s home is lavish and grand - doesn’t have anything too personal inside - he throws over the top parties - shows he is wealthy, powerfully but lonely - wants to attract daisy and show her all he has to oﬀer - has a closet full of designer clothing ▯ Three-Act Structure (Segar) Act 1: sets action • begins w/ an image, backstory, situation, contains catalyst, central question, beats (single dramatic moment) , turning point takes us into act 2 Act 2 • raises central question again, takes action in a new direction, confrontation, development, midpoint, raises stakes, moment of decision for protagonist, 2nd turning point takes us into act 3 Act 3 • most intense act, urgency / momentum, pushes story towards conclusion, sense of urgency, big ﬁnish / climax (central question answered, resolution, ties up all loose ends ▯ Catalysts • begins action of story, uncovers what story will be about - 3 kinds - speciﬁc actions (strongest) - dialogue - situational ▯ Dramatic events • beats (smallest) • beats make up scene • beats in a scene create act • beats in act create a story ▯ High Noon Screening Guide 3-Act Structure Act 1: Sunday • Catalyst - Frank Miller’s gang comes to town • Statue Quo - Sheriﬀ marries amy, plan to leave town and open up a store, new sheriﬀ arrives monday, • Disturbance - Frank Miller has been released & on train to Hadlyville @ NOON • Dilemma - Will feels responsible for town and Frank will ﬁnd him if they leave • Central Question - will Will defeat Frank Miller? ▯ 1st Turning Point - Rounds up townspeople to help ﬁght Frank (ends up with no one) Act 2: • Development - Ms. Ramirez, former sheriﬀ, Harvey, Church folks, bar folks, man w/eye patch, young boy 2nd Turning point - high noon train comes Act 3: Climax • - shoot out, amy hears gunshots gets oﬀ train & heads towards town, Frank takes amy, will shoots frank • Resolution - Will drops star badge and heads out of town ▯ Elements of Mise-en-Scene (High Noon) • Setting - old western town • Costume/Makeup - old western wear • Blocking - creates dramatic eﬀect every time someone looks at clocks, frames faces / expressions • Props - clocks - badge - gun (compositional necessity) - train - chair(where Frank Miller sat) ▯ ▯ Dramatic Series and Serials (Butler • Series - all of problems raised in beginning of the episode are generally solved by the end and questions do not dangle week after week • Serials - expect viewer to make narrative connections one week to the next - resolves some questions but leaves others dangling - focuses on ensemble casts - episodes interweave alternate strands of narrative from 1 scene to the next Structure • series episodes DON’T pick up where it left oﬀ ( CSI Miami, Law & Order SVU, etc.) • TV serials do pick up where they left oﬀ (Lost, the Walking Dead, Empire etc. series / serial forms have gotten progressively closer to one another over the years • main diﬀerence between series / serial is how they each handle development of the narrative from episode to episode ▯ Stories from smallest to largest beats —> scenes —> sequences —> acts ▯ The TV Drama (Douglas) traditional one-hour drama contains 4 acts - now many have 4-7 - this includes teasers and cliﬀhangers traditional one-hour drama has 3 story lines • A story (largest) - most important - what the episode revolves around - usually resolved by the end of the drama • B story (2nd largest) - 2nd most important - not always resolved • C story (smalles ) - comic relief - may be a runner (reoccurring character issue) ▯ Sweeps • months that advertisers set rates for TV shows based on success of show ratings (nov, feb, ma ) ▯ Season • the run length of a program ▯ Broadcast Series • 22-24 episodes ▯ Cable/Pay-Cable series • 6-13 episodes ▯ Show Runner (executive producer) • can… - review / write scripts - break stories w/ staﬀ - guide storytelling - work on budget & staﬃng ▯ Cold Open • a teaser ▯ Kicker • like a teaser, shows protagonist’s aftermath of that episodes action ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ Scandal Screening Guide Scandal is a serial with 5 story lines A: did Sully kill Paige? B: Amanda Tanner’s relations w/ President C: Will Steven propose? (b) Abby has feelings for Steven D: Olivia & Fitz relationship E: Quinn is new Gladiator By the end of this episode we ﬁnd out Sully didn’t kill Paige, and Steven does propose. Amanda Tanner’s relationship with the President as well as Olivia’s relationship with him are both left open. It seems Abby still has feelings for Steven and Quinn story doesn’t change. ▯ Sitcom ▯ TV Sitcom Structure and Style Story structure • average 30 min = 22 min long + 8 min of ads • generally 3 story lines - A-plot (main story - B-plot & C-Plots (don’t need both but can happen) - generally 5 acts (3-5 scenes per act) Average for TV sitcoms that 1st air on TV where there are commercials - HBO, ShowTime, Starz, Hulu, Amazon, Netﬂix, Yahoo are diﬀerent models & may show a full 30 min episode ▯ Key Characteristics • Main protagonist barely changes from 1 episode to the next / season to season - whatever happens in the episode must end largely where it began • Beginning, Middle, End Episode begins w/ protagonist stating a goal or problem to be solved (something to be • ﬁxed, etc.) • 1st attempt to solve will fa(the “muddle”) • requires protagonist to attempt a new approach • depending on series - protagonist may or may not achieve what they set out to do - the protagonist in sitcoms frequently fail ▯ Breakdown Min 1-3 • teaser - introduces protagonist - shows aspect of their personality - introduces main obstacle to overcome Min 3-8 • trouble - new problem / goal arises forming A-Plot - plan devised to achieve goal / thwart obstacle - B-Plot line emerges involving secondary characters Min 8-13 • the muddle - plan put into actin but can’t work because new obstacle introduced diverts that initial strategy Min 13-18 • triumph / failure - protagonist desperate turns to last resort & it works / doesn’t - failure is frequent b/c failure is funny Min 19-21 • kicker ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ Multi camera / Single Camera Production • advantage of shooting multi-cam style - creates a proscenium eﬀect - cameras and viewing audience would maintain a distinct distance not allowing them to move into the set (no reverse angles - produces a theatrical eﬀect - for a sitcom w/ an axial character (plot-line & characters are built around main character)it allows audience to look at the character not w/ them • advantages of shooting single camera - creates a cinematic eﬀect - w/ an ensemble cast, diﬃcult camera set-ups & busyness of shots a shooting style unimpededly spatial or psychological barriers simulate that of the feature ﬁlm is useful ▯ Lighting for Sitcoms 2 Types • Chiaroscuro - lighting for light / dark contrast - functions cinematically • Notan (ﬂat - lighting for simple visibility - no particle cystic function - lacks drama ▯ Lucky Louis / Louis Screening Guide Lucky Louie • Multi-Camera (theatrical cameras don’t move much) Story Line A. Louie needs to get in shape / go on a diet • Resolution - Louis tries to eat healthy and fails - hides eating bad from his wife but she ﬁnds out - they agree that he can eat whatever and not have to hide it from her - she has a panic attack and they both agree to go back to him hiding his bad eating from her B. Mike has a heart attic Resolution • - ends up back up in the hospital Louie • Single-Camera - looks like a short ﬁlm - camera moves in / out - on-location Story Line A. Keeps getting asked out by Vanessa • Resolution - eventually goes out with her - after Vanessa's long talk they hold hands B. “Bang Bang” • “last supper” before their diet • gets embarrassed by eating habits in front of waitress Resolution • - no diet ▯ Class Screenings: Lemonade, Kendrick Lamar Grammy performance, High Noon, Scandal, Louie, Lucky Louie
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