POLS 2312-001 Test 1 Review
POLS 2312-001 Test 1 Review POLS 2312-001
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Nicole Jimenez on Saturday September 17, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to POLS 2312-001 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Kimberly Harper in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views.
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Date Created: 09/17/16
POLS 2312 Test 1 Review September 17, 2016 I. Politics a. A process of policy making, who gets what, when and how II. Government a. A public institution with authority to formulate, adopt, implement, and enforce public policies for a society III. Political Culture a. Attitudes and actions that happen b. Out of the three types: Moralistic, Traditional and Individualistic, Texas is Traditional and Individualistic IV. 6 flags of Texas a. Six different nations that have governed Texas, Spain, France, Mexico, the Republic of Texas, the United States, and the Confederate States of America V. Land a. Large and diverse b. Second in size behind Alaska VI. People a. Redlining i. Bank loans would not be given to minorities 1. Minorities would be kept out of certain places 2. 85% live in metro areas b. Second in population behind California VII. Land based industries a. Old main industries i. Cattle ii. Cotton iii. Timber 1. First land based industry iv. Oil and gas b. New main industries i. Fracking ii. Energy iii. High Tech iv. Service 1. Number 1 v. Agriculture vi. Trade 1. NAFTA vii. Tourist VIII. Challenges for Texas POLS 2312 Test 1 Review September 17, 2016 a. Immigration i. The border is 1,248 miles long b. Water c. Environment d. Education e. Poverty i. Texas receives more illegal tax revenue I. Federalism a. Division of power between the state/regional level against the federal/national level IX. 10 Amendment a. Declares that “the powers not delegated by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved of the States, respectively, or to the people” X. Reserved Powers a. Derived from the 10 Amendment b. Include police power, taxing power, proprietary power and power of eminent domain c. Eminent Domain i. The way the government can take your property for government use I. National Supremacy Clause a. States that “This Constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land.” XI. Delegated Powers a. Specific powers entrusted to the government by Article 1 b. Expressed c. Enumerated d. Specific XII. Implied Powers a. Necessary and Proper Clause i. Congress has power to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof. b. Elastic XIII. Full Faith and Credit Clause POLS 2312 Test 1 Review September 17, 2016 a. Most government actions of another state must be officially recognized by public officials in Texas XIV. Trends of federalism a. Expansion of Federal Cost b. Devolution i. Giving federal finance assistance to faith-based organizations and provide social services for the poor 1. Block Grants a. Congressional amount of money that allows the state considerable flexibility in spending for a program , such as providing welfare services XV. Grants-In-Aid a. Money, goods or services given by one government to another XVI. Texas Constitution (# and year) a. Adopted in 1876 b. Amended about 500 times XVII. Process of Amendments a. House and Senate i. Have a joint resolution needs to be approved by 2/3 vote b. Secretary of State i. Has to publish c. Voters i. Simple majority d. Governor i. Recall, referendum, and initiative are only at the local level XVIII. Summary of the Constitution a. Article 1: Bill of rights b. Article 2: Separation of powers i. The assignment of law-making , law-enforcing, and law- interpreting functions to separate branches of the government 1. Checks and balances c. Article 3, 4,5: Branches i. Legislative 1. Law making 2. Has the power of redistricting a. Texas House (150 seats) and Texas Senate (31 seats) ii. Executive 1. Law enforcement iii. Judicial 1. Law interpretation POLS 2312 Test 1 Review September 17, 2016 d. Article 6: Suffrage XIX. Legislative Branch a. Law making b. Has the power of redistricting i. Texas House (150 seats) and Texas Senate (31 seats) ii. Redrawing of boundaries after the federal decennial census to create districts with approximately equal population XX. Executive Branch a. Law enforcement XXI. Judicial Branch a. Law interpretation XXII. General Law a. Small b. Under 5000 people c. Same (cookie cutter) XXIII. Home rule a. Large b. Over 5000 people c. Own charter d. Flexibility e. Powers i. Recall 1. A process for removing elected officials through a popular vote ii. Initiative 1. A citizen drafted measure proposed by a specific number or percentage of qualified voters that become approved by popular vote, occurs only at the local level iii. Referendum 1. Issues are referred to the voters to accept or reject XXIV. Strong/Weak Mayor Council a. Depends on the mayor’s administrative duties XXV. Council manager a. Most common in Home-rule cities XXVI. Nonpartisan elections a. No D/R POLS 2312 Test 1 Review September 17, 2016 XXVII. At Large Elections a. Members of a policy making body , such as some city councils , are elected on a city-wide basis rather than from single-member districts XXVIII. Single Member Districts a. Tend to increase the representation of minorities in local government b. Elects only one representative to a policy making body, such as State House, State Senate or U.S Congress XXIX. Property Tax a. Owners pay according to the value of real estate and other tangible property XXX. Financial Issues a. Is the bottom line in local government XXXI. Local Government a. Counties i. Texas has more than any state, with 254 counties ii. All are structurally the same iii. “The Secretary” of the state iv. Provide the same services as cities v. Governing structure is the Commissioner’s court vi. Administrative legislative body vii. Property Tax is the greatest source of tax revenue b. Special Districts i. Governing structure that help us to cross county or city lines ii. Either educational or non-educational 1. Educational a. Schools 2. Non-educational a. Mass transit systems b. Hospitals c. Flood protection iii. We have 24 Councils of Government iv. COG covers 1. Security 2. Roads 3. Education XXXII. Commissioners Court a. A policy-making body POLS 2312 Test 1 Review September 17, 2016 i. Including a county judge, who presides, and four commissioners representing single-member precincts XXXIII. Colonias a. Poorest places in the state. b. In the Mexico they are called Maquiladoras c. A low-income community typically in south Texas that lacks running water, sewer lines, and other essentials XXXIV. Councils of government a. A regional planning body composed of governmental units XXXV. Metro Areas a. 88% of Texans live in metro areas XXXVI. Annexation a. To make an outlying portion a part of a city XXXVII. Voter Turnout Numbers a. U.S President i. 55% will vote in November b. Texans that vote in the Presidential election i. 45% ii. Gubernatorial 1. A governor election a. 25% iii. Local/Constitutional Issues 1. 7% (under 10% will vote) iv. Pluralists v. “Good-Boy system” 1. more minority representatives are being elected a. Race, religion and sexual orientation issues
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