American Government Study Guide
American Government Study Guide Pols 1101
Popular in AMERICAN GOVRNMENT
Popular in Government
This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kayla Patterson on Saturday September 17, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Pols 1101 at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Bonnette in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 237 views. For similar materials see AMERICAN GOVRNMENT in Government at Georgia State University.
Reviews for American Government Study Guide
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/17/16
Midterm Exam- American Government Terminology to Know 1. Government 7. Political Equality Institutions and Everyone gets equal procedures through treatment and is which a territory and its entailed to legal people are ruled representation. Includes limits and 8. Grand jury inclusiveness Conduct official 2. Political knowledge proceedings to investigate potential Citizens should be informed if they are criminal conduct and to to participate in a determine whether criminal charges should democratic society. be brought 3. 2nd amendment Falls under the 6h "A well-regulated amendment Militia, being necessary st 9. 1 amendment to the security of a free freedom of religion, State, the right of the speech, press, petition, people to keep and and assembly. bear Arms, shall not be 10. Liberty infringed." 4. Authoritarian government Freedom from the government Government that 11. Important Civil recognizes no formal Rights Cases (Brown and limits on their authority Plessy) but are constrained by the power of other Brown V. Board of education (1954): social institutions The Court declared 5. Eminent domain state laws establishing A right of a government separate public schools to take private property for public use for black and white students to be 6. Double jeopardy unconstitutional. Forbids a defendant for Plessy V. Ferguson being tried again for a (1896): U.S. Supreme similar crime Court case upheld the constitutionality of state governments pay segregation under the for administered “separate but equal” programs doctrine. 16. Judicial review 12. Full faith and credit The power of courts to clause declare laws Article IV, Section 1, unconstitutional various states must 17. 13thamendment recognize legislative Abolishment of slavery th acts, public records, 18. 14 amendment and judicial decisions of Citizenship rights and the other states within equal protection of the the United States. laws Ex: Privileges and 19. 15 amendment immunities Granted African 13. Cooperative American men the right Federalism to vote A system of 20. Police Powers government in which States authority to powers and policy regulate health, safety assignments are shared and morals of its between states and the national government citizens 14. Bicameralism 21. Federalism The two houses, senate Sharing of powers between the national and house of representatives government and the 15. Regulated state governments federalism National governments determine polices and Compare and Contrast 1. Protected Speech vs. or a "compelling" Unprotected Speech governmental interest. Both must meet criteria of 3. House of Representatives strict scrutiny to show that vs. Senate an action is constitutional Legislative branch of the Protected: Is the truth, federal government such as a political speech House: Elected to a two- or symbolic speech year term, each Unprotected: Speech representative serves the that present a clear and people of a specific congressional district by present danger to society (libel and slander, introducing bills and obscenity) serving on committees, 2. Establishment Clause vs. among other duties. Free exercise Clause Senate: propose, author, Both fall under the 1st and vote on federal amendment regarding legislation that touches religion upon all aspects of U.S. Establishment Clause: domestic and foreign The Establishment clause policy. Senators provide prohibits the government advice and consent on executive nominations from "establishing" a religion. and treaties and conduct Free exercise clause: oversight of all branches Protects citizens' right to of the federal government. practice their religion as 4. Grant in aid vs. unfunded mandate they please, so long as the Both deal with Federalism practice does not run afoul of a "public morals" Grant in aid: General term for the types of money that goes between Representative: Group states and government of people vote for an Unfunded mandate: A elected official to mandate issued by the represent them and make national government in decisions on their behalf. which federal funds are 9. Northern states vs Southern not provided. states 5. American Values vs. Problems with slaves being Slavery counted as citizens The northern and southern Northern states: Did not states had a different on want slaves to count as slavery citizens 6. Civil Liberties vs. Civil Southern: Wanted to Rights count slaves to increase Both included in the Bill of representation Rights 10. Checks and Balances Vs Civil Liberties: Separation of Powers Protections citizens from Making sure no branch unwarranted government gets too much power action Separation of Powers: Civil rights: Describes Is a model of government governments in which different parts of responsibility to protect the government are citizens responsible for different 7. Constitutional functions; in the US, these government vs. different areas are confederate government legislative, executive and Both are types of judicial. governments Checks and balances: is a Constitutional: A means of trying to ensure government with a that no one of those areas constitution can operate completely on Confederate: Group of its own, in the US. 11. De jure vs. de facto states, nations or territories that are joined segregation together by a central De jure: Segregation by government that has law limited powers of De facto: Segregation that authority. doesn’t happen by law 8. Direct democracy vs. 12. Federalists and Anti- representative democracy Federalists Types of voting methods Differences in government Direct: Here people control decide and vote on policy initiatives directly Federalists: Favored a government, more strong central government democratic because they feared 13. State’s Rights (powers) and Federal rights (powers) excessive democracy/promotion of States' rights refers to political elites political powers reserved for Antifederalists: Favored the state governments rather retaining power in states than the federal government Explain 1. Great Compromise (1787) 2.“No Taxation without A compromise adopted at the representation” Constitutional Convention, A phrase that reflected the providing the states with resentment of American equal representation in the colonists at being taxed by a Senate and proportional British Parliament representation in the House Caused colonists to perform of Representatives. rebellious acts towards It was decided that there parliament would be two chambers in 3.Roe v. Wade (1973) Congress: The Senate and The Court ruled that a right the House of Representatives to privacy under the Due The House of Representatives Process Clause of the 14th would be based on Amendment extended to a population woman's decision to have an abortion The Senate would be based on equal representation of 4.Bill of Rights two seats per state The first ten amendments of the united states constitution 5.The core American values 9. Strength and Weakness of liberty, equality, democracy Articles of Confederation These four things are what Weak central government brings the nation together Execution of laws were left to 6. 3/5ths compromise individual states Three of every 5 slaves would 10. Federal Judge term limits be counted for purpose of President and vice president: apportionment in the house four year limits OR 5 slaves would count as 3 House: Two years free people Senate: Six years 7.Three Branches of 11. Harold Laswell Government Legislative - Makes Laws Viewed political science as the study of changes in the Congress is composed of two distribution of value patterns parts: the Senate and the House of in society, and, because Representatives. distribution depends on Executive - Carries Out power, Laws The executive branch is He defined values as desired goals and power as the composed of the President, Vice ability to participate in President and Cabinet members. decisions, and he conceived Judicial - Evaluates Laws political power as the ability 8. Shay’s Rebellion to produce intended effects Farmers and merchants on other people. rebelling against possible 12. Boston Tea Party seizures of land The Boston Tea Party was a Demonstrated: Weakness of a nation with no central political protest by the Sons of Liberty in Boston, on government, inability to December 16, 1773. protect borders, lack of respect nationally
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'