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Biology 1110 study guide: test 1

by: Chad Solomon

Biology 1110 study guide: test 1 BIOL 1110 04

Chad Solomon

GPA 3.3

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About this Document

This a pretty detailed study guide for test 1
Principles of Biology I
Study Guide
Chemistry, cells
50 ?




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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Chad Solomon on Saturday September 17, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to BIOL 1110 04 at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months taught by Adams in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 72 views. For similar materials see Principles of Biology I in Biology at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months.


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Date Created: 09/17/16
 Week 2 Study Guide  Chapter 1    ● Know the 6 characteristics of life.  ● Know what the definition of a cell and the different types of cells: prokaryotic, eukaryotic,  animal, and plant.  ● Know what an adaption is and the 3 different types of adaptations.  ● Know what DNA is and all of its functions.  ● Know what a hormone is.  ● Know about the taxonomic classification system.  ● Know the definition of systematics  ● Know the definition of taxonomy  ● Know who Carolus Linnaeus.  ● Know what a Bino, species, Genus are.  ● Know how to write a species name.  ● Know: Did King Philip Come Over For Good Sex.  Chapter 2 and 3  ● Know the hierarchy of life  ● Know what a population is  ● Know what a community is  ● Know what evolution and natural selection are.  ● Know what a element is  ● Know what an atom is  ● Know the difference between atomic number and atomic mass  ● Know what an ion is and the difference between a cation and anion.  ●   ● What are the 3 Unique Physical Properties that Hydrogen bonds give water?  ○ 1.)  ○ 2.)  ○ 3.)  ● What is Capillary action and what uses it?  ○ 1.)  ○ 2.)  ● A principal solvent does what?  ○ 1.)  ● What is the difference between Hydrophilic and Hydrophobic?  ○ 1.)  ● How does Ice allow aquatic organisms to survive the winter?  ○ 1.)   ● Which is more dense: water or ice? At what temperature does it become more dense?  ○ 1.)  ○ 2.)  ● Define an Acid­    ● What is the PH scale a measurement of?    Chapter 3­ Organic Compounds    ● What kind of bonds do Carbon create to form to each other?  ● What are Hydrocarbons? What structure do they form in? Are they hydrophobic or  hydrophilic  ● What is an isomer? What determines their function? Do they have different chemical  properties?  ● What are the 3 different types of Isomers? Explain them.  ○ 1.)  ○ 2.)  ○ 3.)  ● Explain a functional group.  ● What is a polymer and give an example?  ● What are two polymers bonded together called?  ● Explain the difference between a Hydrolysis reaction and Dehydration synthesis?  ● What are the two kinds of carbohydrates that humans use for energy?  ● What is the plant version of a carbohydrate and what is different about it?  ● Explain the differences between a monosaccharide, disaccharide, and a  polysaccharide?  ● Explain the 3 components of a disaccharide.  ○ 1.)  ○ 2.)  ○ 3.)  ● What are the 3 Main type of polysaccharide and explain them.  ○ 1.)  ○ 2.)  ○ 3.)  ● Glucosamine is considered what?  ● What is a glycoprotein and a glycolipid?   ● What is the definition of a lipid?  ● Lipids are the most concentrated source of energy? True or False?  ● What kind of tissue stores fat?  ● Explain a triglyceride.  ● What is the difference between saturated and unsaturated fats?  ● Know all the components and structure of the saturated and unsaturated fats which one  has double bonds?  ● What is a phospholipid? Explain the structure?  ● What is the definition of amphipathic? Are phospholipids amphipathic?   ● Really make sure you know the structure of a phospholipid!!!!!!!!*********  ● What are carotenoids? Which kingdom does not produce them?  ● What are steroids? Explain the different components.  ● Amino acids are the monomers of what?  ● What are the 3 main components of an amino acid?  ● How many commonly occurring amino acids are there?  ● What do peptide bonds join together? And what kind of reaction is used to make them?  ● Know a dipeptide and polypeptide.  ● What are the 4 levels of a protein structure? (Important to know in detail).  ● What determines the function of a protein?  ● What is the active site of a protein called and what does it do?  ● Explain denaturation.  ● What is a nucleic acid? What is its polymer called?  ● What are the 3 components of a nucleotide? Know the structure.  ● What are the 2 most important nucleic acids?      Chapter 4    ● Know the cell theory.  ● Know the difference between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells.  ● Know the structure of the DNA in a prokaryotic cell and how they divide  ● Know about the double membrane in Eukaryotic cells.  ● Know all of the cell organelles and their functions. Example, Mitochondria, golgi  complex, Ribosomes.  ● Know what a cell covering is and its structure.  ● Know what the Endosymbiotic theory is.    Chapter 5    ● Know what a plasma membrane is and what it does.  ● Know the fluid mosaic model and what it pertains to.  ● Know what turgor pressure is and what type of cell its for.  ● Know what plasmolysis is.  ● Know all about active transport.!!!!!  ● Know direct active transport and how it works.  ● Know indirect active transport.  ● Know the differences and the relationship between direct and indirect active transport.  ● Know exocytosis  ● Know endocytosis and the three types.  ● Super important:  Know everything about osmosis, what it is, how it functions.    ● Know the difference between a solvent and a solution.  ● Know what Hypertonic, Hypotonic, and Isotonic are.  ● Know what osmotic pressure is.  ● Know what a selectively permeable membrane is.  ● Know about transport proteins: Carrier proteins and channel proteins.  ● Know about passive transport.  ● Know the difference between active and passive transport.  ● Know what active transport uses for energy.   ● Know about diffusion.  ● Know about a concentration gradient is.  ● Know what facilitated diffusion is. 


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