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Victims Exam 1

by: Aubrey Brown
Aubrey Brown
GPA 3.97

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About this Document

Chapters 1-5
Victims Studies
Dr. West-Smith
Study Guide
Victims, Studies
50 ?




Popular in Victims Studies

Popular in Criminology and Criminal Justice

This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Aubrey Brown on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to CRJ 350 at University of Northern Colorado taught by Dr. West-Smith in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Victims Studies in Criminology and Criminal Justice at University of Northern Colorado.


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Date Created: 09/18/16
Chapter 1  Plight of Crime Victims  Victim: someone who suffers injuries, losses or hardships for any reason  Victimization  Predator / prey  Victimology  Want to know whether and to what degree victims experience physical wounds, economic hardships and emotional turmoil  Victimologists are social scientists and researchers  Indirect and Secondary Victims  Survivors of those killed  First responders, rescue workers, or crime scene investigators  Major Movements  Law and Order Movement  Women’s Movement  Civil Liberties Movement  Self-Help Movement  Elected Officials  Brandy Bill  Jeanne Clery Act  Megan’s Law  News Media  Sensationalize crimes  Most attention goes to women, children, or prominent and wealthy CHAPTER 2  Decline of Crime Victims  Victims used to play a crucial role in prosecution of offenders  This diminished as industrialization and urbanization began  Rediscovery  Self-help advocates, social scientists, crusading journalists, justice officials and responsive law makers  Stage One  Calling attention to an overlooked problem  Typification  Stage Two  Winning Victories, and Implement Reforms  Stage Three  Emergence of an opposition and development of resistance to further charges  Stage Four  Research and temporary resolution of disputes CHAPTER 3  Statistics  Victimization rates  Patterns  Trends  Profiles  Uniform Crime Report  All incidents known to local, county and state departments  8 index crimes  National Crime Victimization Survey  Projection of grand totals for various areas and for entire country based on interviews from victims  Crime Clock  At every minute of every day crime is happening  Not reliable  National Incident Based Reporting System  Includes information about victims CHAPTER 4  Focusing on murders  Incidence rate  Cumulative risk  Differential risk  Supplementary Homicide Report  About each killing in a jurisdiction  Information about victim and offender  South, urban resident, male, teen/young adult, African American run highest risk of murder  Northeast, small town, rural community, female/child/elderly, white/Asian at lowest risk  Robberies  Stranger on stranger  Chances of Victimization  Prevalence rates  Situational factors  Why Groups Experience Risk  Proximity  Vulnerability  Routine Activities Theory  Social ecology  Crime Prevention v. Victim Prevention CHAPTER 5  Shared Responsibility  Repeat Victim  Suffers twice  Chronic Victim  Suffers 3+ times  Victim Facilitation  Irresponsible with stuff  Victim Precipitation  When you are irresponsible with yourself  Victim Provocation  Victim is solely responsible for victimization  Victim Blaming and Defending


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