Victims Exam 1
Victims Exam 1 CRJ 350
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Aubrey Brown on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to CRJ 350 at University of Northern Colorado taught by Dr. West-Smith in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Victims Studies in Criminology and Criminal Justice at University of Northern Colorado.
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Date Created: 09/18/16
Chapter 1 Plight of Crime Victims Victim: someone who suffers injuries, losses or hardships for any reason Victimization Predator / prey Victimology Want to know whether and to what degree victims experience physical wounds, economic hardships and emotional turmoil Victimologists are social scientists and researchers Indirect and Secondary Victims Survivors of those killed First responders, rescue workers, or crime scene investigators Major Movements Law and Order Movement Women’s Movement Civil Liberties Movement Self-Help Movement Elected Officials Brandy Bill Jeanne Clery Act Megan’s Law News Media Sensationalize crimes Most attention goes to women, children, or prominent and wealthy CHAPTER 2 Decline of Crime Victims Victims used to play a crucial role in prosecution of offenders This diminished as industrialization and urbanization began Rediscovery Self-help advocates, social scientists, crusading journalists, justice officials and responsive law makers Stage One Calling attention to an overlooked problem Typification Stage Two Winning Victories, and Implement Reforms Stage Three Emergence of an opposition and development of resistance to further charges Stage Four Research and temporary resolution of disputes CHAPTER 3 Statistics Victimization rates Patterns Trends Profiles Uniform Crime Report All incidents known to local, county and state departments 8 index crimes National Crime Victimization Survey Projection of grand totals for various areas and for entire country based on interviews from victims Crime Clock At every minute of every day crime is happening Not reliable National Incident Based Reporting System Includes information about victims CHAPTER 4 Focusing on murders Incidence rate Cumulative risk Differential risk Supplementary Homicide Report About each killing in a jurisdiction Information about victim and offender South, urban resident, male, teen/young adult, African American run highest risk of murder Northeast, small town, rural community, female/child/elderly, white/Asian at lowest risk Robberies Stranger on stranger Chances of Victimization Prevalence rates Situational factors Why Groups Experience Risk Proximity Vulnerability Routine Activities Theory Social ecology Crime Prevention v. Victim Prevention CHAPTER 5 Shared Responsibility Repeat Victim Suffers twice Chronic Victim Suffers 3+ times Victim Facilitation Irresponsible with stuff Victim Precipitation When you are irresponsible with yourself Victim Provocation Victim is solely responsible for victimization Victim Blaming and Defending
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