Microbiology Bio 3150-800
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by La-Teisha Allen on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Bio 3150-800 at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months taught by Marilu E. Santos in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Microbiology in Microbiology at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months.
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Date Created: 09/18/16
Study Guide Which of the following reactions produces the most molecules of ATP during aerobic metabolism? a. glucose → glucose 6phosphate b. phosphoenolpyruvic acid → pyruvic acid c. glucose → pyruvic acid d. acetyl CoA → CO + 2 O 2 e. succinic acid → fumaric acid Which of the following processes does NOT generate ATP? a. photophosphorylation b. the CalvinBenson cycle c. oxidative phosphorylation d. substratelevel phosphorylation e. All of the above generate ATP. Which of the following compounds has the greatest amount of energy for a cell? a. CO 2 b. O 2 c. ATP d. glucose e. lactic acid Which of the following is the best definition of the Krebs cycle? a. the oxidation of pyruvic acid b. the way cells produce CO 2 c. a series of chemical reactions in which NADH is produced from the oxidation of pyruvic acid d. a method of producing ATP by phosphorylating ADP e. a series of chemical reactions in which ATP is produced from the oxidation of pyruvic acid Which of the following is the best definition of respiration? a. a sequence of carrier molecules with O 2s the final electron acceptor b. a sequence of carrier molecules with an inorganic molecule as the final electron acceptor c. a method of generating ATP d. the complete oxidation of glucose to CO and H O2 2 e. a series of reactions in which pyruvic acid is oxidized to CO and H 2 2 Which culture produces the most lactic acid? a. E. coli growing in glucose broth at 35°C with O for 2 days b. E. coli growing in glucose broth at 35°C without O for 5 da2s c. both a and b d. neither a nor b Which culture produces the most ATP? a. E. coli growing in glucose broth at 35°C with O for 5 d2ys b. E. coli growing in glucose broth at 35°C without O for 5 days 2 c. both a and b d. neither a nor b Which culture uses NAD+? a. E. coli growing in glucose broth at 35°C with O for 52days b. E. coli growing in glucose broth at 35°C without O for 52days c. both a and b d. neither a nor b Which culture uses the most glucose? a. E. coli growing in glucose broth at 35°C with O for 52days b. E. coli growing in glucose broth at 35°C without O for 5 da2s c. both a and b d. neither a nor b The enzymeregulated energyrequiring reactions are involved mostly in a. catabolism. b. anabolism. c. photosynthesis. d. oxidation. What is the essential nutrient used by many bacteria in the synthesis of the coenzyme folic acid? a. NADP b. FAD c. PABA d. COA Apoenzymes are inactive by themselves and must be activated by a. cofactors. b. ATP. c. holoenzymes. d. substrates. How many molecules of ATP can be generated from the three phases in the respiration of glucose? a. 2 b. 4 c. 34 d. 38 Energy is released during a cell’s a. reduction of glucose. b. decarboxylation of glucose. c. oxidation of glucose. d. phosphorylation of glucose. In which of the following is chemical energy used for carbon fixation? a. photosynthesis b. KreIn which of the following is chemical energy used for carbon fixation?bs cycle c. fermentation d. glycolysis The energy from catabolic reactions is used to produce a. ADP. b. ATP. c. AMP. d. phosphate. The pentose phosphate pathway provides a means to break down glucose and a. five carbon sugars. b. six carbon sugars. c. lipids. d. galactose. In aerobic respiration, what is the fate of the pyruvic acid produced in glycolysis? a. It is catabolized in glycolysis. b. It is reduced to lactic acid. c. It is oxidized in the Krebs cycle. d. It is oxidized in the electron transport chain. Where does photosynthesis take place in eukaryotic cells? a. mitochondria b. ribosomes c. chloroplasts d. lysosomes In the CalvinBenson cycle a. oxygen is used to synthesize sugars. b. carbon dioxide is used to synthesize sugars. c. ADP is formed. d. light is required. In cyclic photophosphorylation, the electrons a. return to chlorophyll. b. are incorporated in NADPH. c. are converted to ATP. d. are converted to glucose. Fatty acids are catabolized in a. glycolysis. b. the electron transport chain. c. the Krebs cycle. d. the pentose phosphate pathway. The lightindependent (dark) reactions of photosynthesis include: a. fermentation b. beta oxidation c. CalvinBenson cycle d. carbon fixation In lipid catabolism, glycerol is converted into dihydroxyacetone phosphate and catabolized via a. beta oxidation. b. the pentose phosphate pathway. c. lactic acid fermentation. d. glycolysis.
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