CC301 Intro to Ancient Greece, Study Guide for 1st Midterm
CC301 Intro to Ancient Greece, Study Guide for 1st Midterm CC 301
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by C. Johnson on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to CC 301 at University of Texas at Austin taught by Stephanie Craven in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 284 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Ancient Greece in History at University of Texas at Austin.
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Date Created: 09/18/16
Study Guide Sunday, September 18, 2016 4:17 PM Highlight = People Highlight = Literature Highlight = Places I. Historical Outline a. Old Stone Age b. New Stone Age i. Potteryfor food storage c. Bronze Age i. Athens and Sparta becomedominant city-states d. Dark Ages i. Return to subsistence economy ii. Developmentof iron iii. Large drop in material culture iv. Dorian Greeks moveto the mainland from the north v. Mycenaean Greeks moveto Asia Minor vi. Geometricpottery vii. No writing for 500 years viii. No pictoral art ix. Almost no trade x. Recoveryon Crete took place sooner e. Archaic Period i. Polis develops ii. Alphabet from Phoenicia iii. Olympic games - 776 BC iv. Hesiod 1) Earliest surviving Greek poems 2) Theogany 3) Works & Days v. Homer 1) Iliad 2) Odyssey f. Classical Period i. Democracy ii. Arts become important iii. Athens fights Sparta; Athens loses iv. Architecture becomeswhat we know today g. Hellenistic Period i. Alexander the Great 1) Spread the Greek culture II. Climate & Resources a. Warm climate b. Uneven rainfall c. Agriculture i. Barley ii. Olives iii. Grapes iv. Wheat d. Trade for i. Copper iii. Grapes iv. Wheat d. Trade for i. Copper ii. Tin iii. Bronze III. Crete a. Palace at Knossos b. Kamares ware i. Potterystyle ii. Dark background iii. Light designs c. Clay tablets written in Linear A d. Worshipped on mountains e. More advanced than the mainland f. "Minoan Period" g. Bull-leaping ritual h. Larger palaces than mainland i. Labyrinth myth 1) Labrys - "double-ax" ii. Wall paintings 1) Processions 2) Nature scenes iii. Administrative records on clay in Linear A iv. Unfortified i. Vessels i. Pottery ii. Stone 1) Learned from Egyptian culture j. Ca. 1450BC i. All palaces are burned and abandoned ii. Knossos was the only one rebuilt, with a Mycenaeanflavor IV. Mycenaeans a. Seafaring traders b. Palaces i. Megaron (throne room) 1) Large 2) Square 3) Hearth center 4) Throne on right wall 5) Bright frescoeson wall and floor w/ abstract designs ii. Center courtyard iii. Huge fortifications iv. Living quarters on upper level 1) Lavish displays of wealth c. Tombs and burials i. Tholos tombs 1) Shaped like bee-hives 2) Corbelling (building technique) 3) Covered with dirt ii. Royal tombs 1) Deep shafts lined with stones 2) Marked by steles 3) Rich grave goods V. Histories/Myths V. Histories/Myths a. Labors i. Herakles 1) 12 labors 2) Marathon believed him a god 3) King Eurystheus assigned the labors ii. Theseus 1) Son of King Aegeus 2) Labyrinth 3) Tributes to Minotaur show Cretan control b. Quests i. Odysseus 1) Scylla and Charybdis thought to be Straits of Messina ii. Jason 1) Clashing rocks thought to be Bosporus c. Warfare & Siege i. Troy and Thebes 1) Iliad 2) Seven Against Thebes 3) Some anachronisms are found in these VI. Divine involvement a. Family i. Demigods& heroes ii. Main characters in Iliad can trace ancestry to gods iii. "family ties" used in diplomacy between cities b. Co-combatants i. Tricking mortals ii. Manipulating minds iii. Example: River Skamander VII. Non-War descriptions in epics a. Hospitality i. Important concept to Greeks ii. Guest gifts iii. Xenia - hospitality iv. Xenos - guest-friend, foreigner, or stranger v. Xenios Zeus 1) Enforces hospitality rules vi. Zeus Hikesios 1) Patron god of supplicants b. Shield of Achilles i. Contains scenes of daily life 1) Weddings 2) Funerals 3) Arbitrations 4) Festivals VIII. Colonization a. Most of Mediterranean coast b. Black Sea coast c. Possible reasons i. Overpopulation ii. Trade iii. Love for adventure iv. Political unrest v. Drought leading to famine v. Drought leading to famine 1) Most supported by evidence IX. Eastern Influence on culture a. Importationand adaptation of bronzes and ivories b. Trade with Egypt c. Architecture d. Small portable objects that are dedicated at sanctuaries X. Panhellenism a. Greek national identity b. Delphi i. Sanctuary of Apollo ii. Housed the Oracle 1) Prophecies 2) Inhaled vapors from the mountain iii. Administered by a committee 1) Called the amphikteony 2) Elected representatives c. Olympia i. Sanctuary of Zeus ii. Greeks gathered to worship here 1) Festival included athletic competitions(olympicgames) iii. Temple-liketreasuries 1) Sponsored by cities 2) Used to house donations and dedications from those cities iv. Inviolate (neutral in all wars) XI. The Olympic Games a. Records i. Pindar - poet from Thebes 1) Epinician Odes - written for a victory b. Events i. Pankration ii. Boxing iii. Wrestling iv. Footraces v. Pentathelon vi. Chariot races vii. Music c. Prizes - wreaths i. Awarded only to 1st place winner ii. Made of 1) Nemea: wild cherry 2) Isthmia: pine or celery 3) Olymia: olive 4) Delphi: laurel
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