CMST Study Guide Test 2
CMST Study Guide Test 2 CMST 1111 - 001
Popular in COMMUNICATION AND PUBLIC LIFE
Popular in communication and media studies
This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Victoria Notetaker on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to CMST 1111 - 001 at Temple University taught by Scott Gratson (P) in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 333 views. For similar materials see COMMUNICATION AND PUBLIC LIFE in communication and media studies at Temple University.
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Date Created: 09/18/16
Communications & Public Life – STUDY GUIDE TEST 2 Myth & Communication Apollo & Dionysus Both sons of Zeus. Apollo is the God of reason and ration. - Often associated with morality, purity, restraint and order. Dionysus is the God of chaos, and irrationality. - Often associated with intoxication, frenzy, and ecstasy. Mikhail Bakhtin Background of Bakhtin (1895-1975) - Died in Moscow - Russian philosopher - Literary critic - Works on structuralism, Marxism, and religious criticism. - First major work, “Problems of Dostoevsky’s Art” (1929) Terms in Theory Key Terms in Theory - Dialogism – every form of expression is a continuous network of statements and responses (Bahktin). - Polyphony – many speech, many-voiced, using many different voices, styles and references - Heteroglossia – other’s speech, many others’ words or expressions. - Open interpretation Bakhtin continued… Aspect of Bakhtin 1.Free and familiar interaction between people: in the carnival normally separated people can interact and freely express themselves to one another. (New Orleans, World series, post world series) ◦ that was eccentric are more retainable ◦ - argument carnival allowed you to express yourself more in realm of apollo, rather than dianeisis 2.Eccentric behavior: unacceptable is legitimate in carnival but human nature’s hidden sides are revealed. (anime, mermaid day parade Coney Island) 3.Carnivalistic Misalliances the free and familiar attitude of the carnival enables everything which is normally separated to connect - the sacred with the preface, the new and old, the high and low. 4.Sacrilegious - the carnival of Bakhtin is site of ungodliness, of blasphemy, profanity and parodies on things that are sacred. - retort of control - control the outcome - on that day carnival comes out to play - one day that anything goes (mummers, Halloween) How do we communicate control or order? - The normal, official, serious and gloomy everyday life which were subordinated to strict hierarchic order and full of terror and dogmatism. - How do we create control? - We have to have control to get through Nietzsche quote “Stare into the ibis, the ibis stares back and…” - Nietzsche - Carnival-esque life, free and unbounded, filled with laughter, sacrilegious and the defilement of anything sacred, humiliations and familiar contact with everyone and everything. Humiliation becomes acceptable. carnival allows to express everything acceptable. - free and unbounded, filled with ambivalent laughter, sacrilegious - defilement of anything sacred, humiliations and familiar contact with everyone and everything. o life forms were legitimate but they were separated by harsh temporal borders. Harlem Shake Original Harlem Shake — role of dance 1930s — Harlem renaissance — art performance dance - Apollo theater located on 120th street - Harlem long appreciation and relationship with dance and performing arts Harlem northern part of Manhattan starts at 125th Street… West 4th is not part of Harlem (related to sex and the city) - the line between race and class - social economic class Harlem residents disagreed wit the Harlem shake social media phenomena - people are misinformed - GUY in the scarf, “I feel like they are trying to disrespect us.” - “Actually an art form, a dance art form and doesn’t have the respect it deserves.” - Harlem is not like that - Dance is a lifestyle in Harlem, used as a way of competition. “That’s W 4th Street dancing.” - distinct social, culture implication. - Most likely came around the 80s - linked the hip hop movement in Harlem The corridor for the Harlem Shake was 125th Street & African Square “People on West 4th do that” - not Harlem people, privileged, white. - Harlem thinks the Harlem Shake is offensive. Background of Foucault (1926-1984) Michel Foucault - Born in Poitiers, France. - Died in Paris, France - Later taught French at the University of Warsaw and the University of Hamburg - Later was a professor of Philosophy at the University of Cermont-Ferrand - In 1968, directions Department of Philosophy at the University of Paris-VII at Viennes - In 1970, elected to the College de France as professor of the History of Systems of Thought - à VERY popular philosopher, most popular in the United States, studied & wrote about sex a lot. - More followers in America than he does in France. Americans adored him o he writes about power o he writes about sexuality o he writes about state taking control of the government The international philosopher - Book lecturing on - “Discipline and Punish” (1975) o disciplining and punishing are constantly interchanging, co-existing things. o who is in control of effective punishment? - Surveillance State - camera’s everywhere — every single hallway, there are always three cameras looking right at you. Robert Francois Damiens – French servant who attempted to assinate Damiens King Louis XV of France in 1757. - Damiens attempt was killing of a king called REGICIDE. Killings Kiling of one’s father – Patricide Killing of one’s mother – Matricide Killing of one’s brother – Fratricide Killing of one’s sister – Sororicide Killing of one’s child – Filicide Kill of a group of people (race, religion, gender, etc.) – Genicide. Damien was stripped down naked Punishment and - in one hand holds acid and knife he tried to kill the king in Torture - in pubic - has his skin and flesh slowly removed and pulled - basically filleted him, horses are scared each limb pull his body across - this torture takes long and but not all limbs are pulled - put body on top of the burning fire KEY FACTOR — the crowd - make an example in front of this crowd - power of the state, catch you to kill someone anywhere near the royal or heir you will be executed. hangings in a public square in US. Panopticon - circle prison with cells arranged around a central wall. Panopticon - individual prison cells - on top of each other around - pealed hay stacks every day in and out NOT TORTURE - mental torture - water torture - solitary confinement “cell forced you to internalize the guards gaze.” Idea and Foucault and the Role of Advocacy - Every attempt to create ‘order always demands the creating of an Ideas of Foucault equal amount of ‘disorder' - Modernism creates a mirage to mask the creation of this ‘disorder’ - postmodernism also rejects the idea that there is a ‘grand scheme’ to things - Postmodernists believe things are always situational or temporary and there is no universal truth or stability (Kluges, 1997). - Foucault’s postmodern ideas paralleled Frierdich Nietzsche, who ‘marked the beginning of the end of Modernism” (Thriele, 1990:909). o Nietzsche is known for quotations 1. “God is dead" 2. “The state of human kind is the perpetually resting in your head” Background of Packard (1914-1996) Vance Packard - Born in Granville Summit, PA - Died in Martha’s Vineyard - Attended Penn State - Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism - Reported for the Associated Press All Human Beings à Fragile and emotional, like to believe we return home and when home feel safe. Main Ideas Main Ideas of Packard Reassurance of Worth – connected world we can lose sense of who we are & what we are worth. o Seeks reassurance adding value & deserve our place in society o Emotion: doing the right thing, saving environment or helping others. o Celebrities are also used when they effectively say, ‘you will be admired and valued like me.’ Creative Outlets – like creating & making things & even a simple assembly process as with lego toys can bring much pleasure. o Jobs have little creative content, leaving this need unfulfilled o Seek creative in other places in our lives. § Adverts offer creativity when they sell objects where we can be creative from food ingredient to clothes. Love Objects – everyone wants to love and most importantly be loved. o Children have objects like binkys, or blankets, stuffed animals, or even a bike. o Adults have one another also their cars, pets, and these days most likely, tablets, phones and computers. § Nicknaming our cars, or lucky t-shirts. Sense of Power – when in control sense the abilitiy to choose and have power over others. o agent to create change o agency means you can affect your world § emotion: buying, something will put you in charge. Roots – key part of sense of identity. - background our heritage, our family, or nation are important for that feeling of who we are - identify with our old school, our college, where we were brought up, our country, our religion. - longer we stay in one place the longer ago it happened, the more important it is for us - live mobile lives, flitting from place to place, job to job. - seek roots but in seeking to satisfy other needs we make ourselves rootless. Immortality – certain thing in life – DEATH - biggest fear we have is of death or maybe not death but of ceasing, of becoming nothing - seek to create meaning in our lives so we may live beyond death. - seek to cheat age, striking to look younger when perhaps we should grow older more gracefully. [unrelated – funny quote by Ben Franklin – “In this world nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes.” LOL]
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