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Issues &Ethics EXAM #1 STUDY GUIDE

by: mtf2w

Issues &Ethics EXAM #1 STUDY GUIDE PSY 4110

Marketplace > Middle Tennessee State University > Psychology (PSYC) > PSY 4110 > Issues Ethics EXAM 1 STUDY GUIDE

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Study guide for test #1! Good luck!
Issues and Ethics in Mental Health Services
Corey M Teague
Study Guide
Studyguide, Psychology, Law and ethics
50 ?




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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by mtf2w on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSY 4110 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by Corey M Teague in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Issues and Ethics in Mental Health Services in Psychology (PSYC) at Middle Tennessee State University.

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Date Created: 09/18/16
Issues and Ethics Exam 1 Study Guide Fidelity – making realistic commitments  Chapter 1  and keeping those promises. Non­maleficence – avoiding doing harm,  Social Constructionist Model – focuses  which includes refraining from actions that primarily on the social aspects of decision­ risk hurting the client. making in counseling Veracity – truthfulness; the practitioner’s  Feminist Model – calls for maximum  obligation to deal honestly with clients. involvement of the client at every stage of  Justice – Fairness by giving equaling to  the counseling process. others and treating them justly. Morality ­  concerned with perspectives of right/proper conduct and involves an  Chapter 2 evaluation of actions on the basis of some  broader context/religious standard Counselor Needs – a) Practitioners must  Mandatory Ethics – a level of ethical  be aware of their own needs, personal  functioning wherein counselors act in  conflicts, defenses, vulnerabilities and how compliance with minimal standards,  these can influence their therapeutic work.  acknowledging the basics “musts” and  b) personal therapy for therapists’, though  “must nots” = behavioral rules + what  not required, is highly recommended. makes counselors similar. Transference – the process whereby  Aspiration Ethics – the highest standard  clients project onto their therapists past  of thinking and conduct professional  feelings or attitudes they had toward their  counselors seek, and it requires that  caregivers/significant people in their lives.  counselors do more than simply meet the  = the “unreal” relationship in counseling. letter of ethics. = what makes counselors  Countertransference – refers to the  different. therapist’s total emotional response to a  Principle Ethics – A set of obligations  client including feelings, associations,  and a method that focuses on moral issues  fantasies and fleeting images.  with the goals of a) solving a particular  Termination – a) process that takes place  dilemma/set of dilemmas and b)  when therapy will not bring significant  establishing a framework to guide future  gains b) rests on the honesty of the  ethical thinking and behavior. therapist and the willingness to include the *Principle ethics asks, “is this situation  client in a collaborative discussion about  ethical?” the client’s readiness for ending therapy. c) Virtue Ethics – the character traits of the  a successful termination calls for a  counselor and non­obligatory ideals to  blending of clinical, practical and ethical  which professionals aspire rather than on  factors that become the foundation for the  solving specific ethical dilemmas. termination process. *Virtue ethics asks, “am I doing what is  Self­Care – taking adequate care of  best for my client?” ourselves so that we are able to implement  Autonomy – The promotion of self­ the moral principles and virtues that are  determination, or the freedom of clients to  fundamental ethical concepts.  be self­governing within their social and  Burnout – a state of physical, emotional,  cultural framework. intellectual and spiritual depletion  Beneficence – doing good for others and  characterized by feelings of helplessness & promoting the well­being of clients. hopelessness.   Chapter 3 Values – beliefs/attitudes that provide  direction to everyday living. Value Imposition – counselors directly  attempting to influence a client to adopt  their values, attitudes, beliefs or behaviors. Values & its influence Religion – the way people express their  devotion to a deity or an ultimate reality. Chapter 4 Spirituality – a general sensitivity to  moral, ethical, humanitarian and  existential issues without reference to any  Multicultural –a generic term that  particular religious doctrine. indicates any relationship between and  within two or more diverse groups. Advice Giving –  page 51: “Providing  Cultural Tunnel Vision – a perception of  advice as a regular intervention can be  arrogant. In doing so, the focus of the  reality based on a very limited set of  therapy shifts from the client’s struggle to  cultural experiences. Culturally Encapsulated – 1) defines  the needs of the counselor. Even if a client  reality according to one set of cultural  has asked for advice, there is every reason  assumptions 2) shows insensitivity to  to question whose needs re being served  when a therapist falls into advice giving” cultural variations among individuals 3)  accepts unreasoned assumptions without  proof/ignores proof because that might  disconfirm one’s assumptions 4) fails to  evaluate other viewpoints and makes little  attempt to accommodate the behavior of  others and 5) trapped in one way of  thinking that resists adaptation and rejects  alternatives. Diversity – individual differences on a  number of variables that place clients at  risk for discrimination based on age,  gender, identity, race, ethnicity, culture,  national origin, religion, sexual  orientation, disability, language or  socioeconomic status. Individualistic – values include  autonomy, self­determination, and  becoming your own person. Collectivist ­ the practice or principle of  giving a group priority over each  individual in it Ethnicity –a sense of identity that stems  from common ancestry, history,  nationality, religion and race. Culture­ culture, interpreted broadly, is  associated with a racial or ethnic group as  well as with gender, religion, economic  status, nationality, physical capacity or  disability. Pluralism­  perspective that recognizes the complexity of cultures and values the  diversity of beliefs and values. Referral ­ a person whose case has been  referred to a specialist doctor or a  professional body Negligence­  failure to take proper care in  doing something. Assumptions – unexamined assumptions  can be harmful to clients, especially  assumptions based on one’s own cultural  biases. “What is good for one is not good  for all” Racism­ any pattern of behavior that,  solely because of race or culture, denies  access to opportunities or privileges to  members of one racial or cultural group  while perpetuating to opportunities and  privileges to members of another racial or  cultural group. Discrimination – behaving differently and usually unfairly toward a specific group of  people. Stereotypes­ oversimplified and uncritical generalizations about individuals who are  identified as belonging to a specific group Oppression ­ prolonged cruel or unjust  treatment or control Soul Wounding Minority Groups underutilization of  mental health services – The cause for  this is the contribution of cultural  traidtions  


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