Exam #1 Study Guide Ch. 1-5 ANSWER KEY
Exam #1 Study Guide Ch. 1-5 ANSWER KEY History 190
Minnesota State University, Mankato
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Marina Rodriguez on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to History 190 at Minnesota State University - Mankato taught by Melodie Andrews in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see United States to 1877 in History at Minnesota State University - Mankato.
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Date Created: 09/18/16
History 190 Study Guide: Ch. 1-5 Key VIDEO 1. a native American tribe in Virginia, met by the settlers of Jamestown 2. She “saved” John Smith from being taken prisoner by her people 3. He was a colonist who sailed to America and founded the colony of Jamestown 4. Pocahontas 5. tobacco. Natives used it for rituals, colonists used it to smoke. 6. It was once the village of Patuxet, that was destroyed by disease. 7. Squanto was a member of the patuxet tribe who made it back to America and found his village completely empty. 8. Massasoit 9. it was the first shared thanksgiving between pilgrims and the natives. We put it in quotes because it wasn’t the first ever thanksgiving, it’s been a native tradition for centuries. 10. he was a very peaceful leader, and tried to keep the peace between his tribe and the colonists. He was generous, forgiving. 11. His son, King Phillip, came to power. Once his people were being arrested he urged them to war against the English. This led to the great swamp massacre, and 300 native lives were taken. LECTURE 8/25, 8/30, 9/1 1. Algonquians, Iroquois, and Muskhogean 2. View the world as a sacred whole, and there is communal ownership of land and resources 3. circles 4. they are communal and equalitarian relationships between men and women, each role that is played by either gender in important to the society. 5. family name, inheritance, etc. is structured around and carries down through mothers 6. women who assumed men’s roles or the identity of a man, they were seen as special for having two sprits within them 7. traded for what they needed 8. wealth = power, favorable balance of trade, best to get things from own country or colonies. 9. finding people willing to go overseas, establishing a self-sufficient economy, and getting along with the natives. 10. he spoke with the Queen about why England needs to join the trend of colonization. Ex: colonies can provide trade, create markets, help overpower Spain, send poor people over. She authorized the idea. 11. England had no religious test, Spain and France had to wait for gov’t to make decisions, English institutions were more adaptable for America nd rd 12. a. members of aristocracy, servants, 2 or 3 sons // Land, rights. // Tobacco. // Not good. b. puritans and family units // spread religion // diversified // bad c. quakers // econocmical and religion purposes // good 13. funded new colonies 14. invest in Virginia colony, motivation was to make money 15. each person got 50 acres of land per person 16. a representative assembly in VA. Governor -> gov. council -> house of burgesses/ lower assembly. 17. sell self to go overseas, signed an indenture for about 5-7 years of labor. If one survives their indenture, whoever held your indenture would help one get a stake in society as their freedom dues. 18. They felt they were the higher example in society 19. church, covenant, and conformity 20. little commonwealth 21. if your parents are members of the church, you can be too. 22. every human at birth was born with an inner light of godliness/holiness 23. belonged to the Quakers, a business man and a religious figure. He established Philadelphia. 24. they shake in the presence of the lord 25. public friends 26. the colonies’ bread basket 27. he went to all the tribes and signed treaties and actually purchased legal land from them 28. proprietary colony 29. black = dirty/sinful/death, white = pure/innocence/holy. Before they knew people had dark skin colors that’s what those colors meant to the people. 30. laws that were designed to turn African slaves into property, took away their rights. Ex: no guns, can’t testify, can’t hold property, can’t legally marry or be parents. 31. voluntary freeing of a slave, was not allowed. 32. slavery came first due to symbology of color, then it institutionalized racism. 33. struggle involving an external war between natives and whites, and an internal war between the colonizers. 34. an African symbol that meant to look to the past to learn how to live your future. Often carved in caskets and other ritual items. 35. the cultivation of rice, it made a lot of profit LECTURE 9/6, 9/8, 9/13 1. speak English, protestant, most men owned property, common British culture, all have a rep. assembly 2. the first intercolonial and unifying experience. It was a period of religious revival. 3. they both gave fire and brimstone sermons in front of crowds. Edwards believed in the idea that everything is learned from birth on. 4. new lights went out to preach the gospel on their own and established new churches, old lights didn’t like that behavior. 5. new denominations, greater separation between church and state, new colleges, new forms of communication. 6. Great Britain was the parent to the child, the colonies. 7. laws for trade such as, all trade to and from colonies had to go through England. 8. enumerated goods 9. direct was elections, from the town they represent, etc. virtual was representation chosen for each town, no requirements. 10. it’s beneficial neglect, used to let the colonies mature politically and economically 11. theory: parliament’s power is supreme, can’t be restricted. Fact: self- government, government of self-regulating parts LECTURE 9/15 1. the seven years war 2. the treaty the French signed, without the natives, to end the war. 3. most powerful government branch was the colonial assemblies 4. John Locke, they are basic rights everyone is born with. 5. Native’s war for independence , was eventually suppressed. 6. reserved all the land west of the Appalachian Mountains for native tribes 7. manned by 10,000 troops left there from Britain 8. the idea that freedom and liberty are very fragile and the more power is given, the more it will be abused 9. the taxation on sugar, first attempt to make profit 10. forced people to buy certain stamps for different types of legal documents. First direct tax on colonies 11. the congress wrote up a declaration stating only their assemblies can tax them, riots were started by colonists turning to violence to stop the tax. 12. an agreement not to import certain goods until the tax is taken away/changed 13. sons of liberty enforced the non-importation agreements, committees of correspondence spread the word of what was going on. 14. The declaratory act 15. they were taxes on everyday goods, that ended up being repealed 16. only 5 people died 17. claimed to be one of the first African Americans to die in the process of freedom in the Boston “massacre” 18. Coercive/Intolerable Acts 19. it carved off a whole chunk of land and gave it to Canada, but didn’t give them a rep. assembly 20. reinforcing the idea of taxing needs to go through assemblies 21. On the route to concord, they stopped at Lexington. Gage and his militia find “minute men” and someone fired the first shot, the one “heard around the world” causing a fight. 22. they managed the war effort and moved toward independence more 23. written up by the second congress to King George III. It was the last attempt to avoid an independence war against Great Britain.
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