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MSU - GEOG 1123 - Class Notes - GR1123 World Geography Week 5 Class

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MSU - GEOG 1123 - Class Notes - GR1123 World Geography Week 5 Class

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GE 1123 World Geography
09/12/16 
 
Middle America (cont.) 
 
Illegal Drug Smuggling 
● Cocaine, Heroin, and Marijuana   ○ Cocaine from Colombia and Venezuela  
○ Marijuana from Mexico 
● Biggest problem is in Juarez, Mexico  ○ Across from El Paso, Texas 
○ Mexican authorities usually are bribed and involved 
○ 3075 murders in Juarez (2011) 
■ On average 8 people die a day  ● Movie Industry has benefited from this area’s drug problem   
Kidnaping 
● Increased over time   
Deforestation 
● ⅔ of Middle America had tropical rainforests before European colonization  
● Only 10% of these areas still remain 
● Reasons 
○ Industries desire tropical woods for profit 
○ Population increases and the need for land (houses, agriculture) 
 
Facts 
● Mexico  ○ Desert in the North 
○ Tropical mountains in the south 
○ 77% of population is urban 
○ North Mexico is more wealthy 
■ Around $10,000 USD/year  ○ South Mexico is less wealthy  ■ Around than $5,000 USD/year  ● Guatemala  ○ Independence from mexico in 1838 
○ Largest population of any other Central American state 
■ Over 15 million  ○ Militarized government 
○ Exports 
■ Minerals (nickel) from mountains 
■ Oil predominate in lowlands 
■ Coffee is grown in mountains 
  StudySoup Juliette Reid: Fall 2016  
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GE 1123 World Geography
● El Salvador  ○ Independence from Spain 1821 
○ Civil War 1980  
■ Many fled to the US  ○ Democratic government  ■ Has added manufacturing jobs  ○ Poverty, Crime, Natural Disasters 
○ Exports 
■ Coffee, sugar, rice, shrimp, beef  ● Belize   ○ AKA British Honduras 
○ Population mostly of African descent 
○ Commercial exports: 
■ Seafood, clothing industry  ○ Economy  ■ Fueled by tourism, offshore banking  ● Honduras  ○ 3rd poorest country (after Haiti & Nicaragua) 
○  Mostly agriculture 
■ Forests, mining, bananas, coffee, shellfish  ○ Recently plagued with natural disasters  ■ Hurricanes  ○ Internal conflict of power makes it have an unstable economy 
○ Trying to expand tourism sector 
● Costa Rica  ○ 7% of world’s biodiversity 
○ Highest standard of living, literacy rate, and life expectancy of any Central 
American country   ○ Agriculture & tourism  ■ Bananas, coffee, tropical fruit, seafood 
■ Charter fishing 
○ Lost 80% of its Rainforests   ■ Laws passed to protect the remaining 20%  ● Panama  ○ Mountainous 
○ Panama Canal makes most of the country’s economy 
■ Hundreds of millions of dollars in tolls 
■ 14,000 ships/year 
○ Exports:  ■ Sugarcane, rice, seafood,  bananas  ○ Isthmus: land bridge 
○ Banana fungal virus destroying bananas  
    StudySoup Juliette Reid: Fall 2016  
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GE 1123 World Geography
● Republic ​ of Cuba  ○ Largest Caribbean island is size and population  ■ 11.3 million people  ○ Mostly Poor  ■ Still drive 1950s cars due to trade embargo with US   ○ Exports:  ■ Tobacco, coffee, rice 
■ Cigars (for the US) 
○ Government: Communist  
○ Relationship with the US 
■ Coup ​ orchestrated by the US military   ● Places Batista as President  ■ Batista instilled  ​relaxed regulations​ on business   ● US controlled much of sugar production 
● Operated as an oppressive 
​dictatorship  ● Organized crime (casinos)   ○ Revolution  ■ Independence from Spain after Spanish American War 
■ Was a “democracy” up to 1959 
■ Revolutionaries led by 
Fidel Castro ​and ​Ernesto Che Guevara  ■ Under  ​communist rule​ since 1959   
09/14/16 
 
○ Tensions with US  ■ US embarrassed by failure of the Bay of Pigs   ● US liked the Batista 
● Tried to throw out Castro and Guevara  
■ Cuba and Russia get cozy 
■ US did not want ICBN 90 miles from the US 
■ Trade embargo enacted in 1960 
● Haiti  ○ Poorest country in West Hemisphere 
○ Mountainous 
○ Located on island Hispaniola 
■ Shared with Dominican Republic  ○ French is native language  
○ Plagued with Natural Disasters 
■ 5 tropical storms/hurricanes since 2008 
■ 2010 Earthquake 
 
 
 
  StudySoup Juliette Reid: Fall 2016  

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School: Mississippi State University
Department: Geography
Course: Intro World Geography
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: World Geography
Name: GR1123 World Geography Week 5 Class Notes
Description: Week 5 notes for World Geography GR 1123
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
8 Pages 10 Views 8 Unlocks
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