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UA - CJ 270 - Class Notes - Week 4

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UA - CJ 270 - Class Notes - Week 4

School: University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa
Department: Criminal Justice
Course: Introduction to Corrections
Professor: Patrick Halliday
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: Chapter 4 Notes
Description: These notes cover all of the objectives of chapter 4 and the key terms.
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
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background image Chapter 4: Diversion and Probation Objectives: 1. Define diversion and know its objectives Diversion is the official halting or suspension, before 
conviction, of formal criminal proceedings against a 
person, often conditioned on some form of 
counterperformance, such as participation in a treatment, 
counseling, or educational program
2. Explain the rationales for diversion There are 4 rationales for diversion o Formal processing can encourage more criminal  behavior o Diversion is cheaper than formally processing an  offender through the criminal justice system o Formal processing may seem inappropriate for  crimes without perceived victims o Formal arrest, trial, and conviction add to the  burdens of certain disadvantaged groups 3. Give examples of stages at which diversion occurs in the criminal justice process Diversion may occur at any stage in the criminal justice 
process after a criminal complaint has been filed or police 
have observed a crime. The police, a prosecutor, or a judge
may call for diversion
4. Discuss diversion policy issues Issues concerning diversion include o The legal and ethical issues of protecting a  defendant’s rights o The law enforcement question whether diversion  encourages violation of the law o The safety question whether diversion protects the  community better than traditional processing o The economic question of diversion’s cost- effectiveness 5. Define probation and know its goals Probation is the conditional release of a convicted offender 
into the community under the supervision of a probation 
officer. Most probation programs are designed to 
o Protect the community by assisting judges in  sentencing and supervising offenders o Carry out sanctions imposed by the court
o Help offenders change
o Support crime victims
background image o Coordinate and promote the use of community  resources 6. Explain the reasons for using probation Probation is used for 4 reasons o It permits offenders to remain in the community for  reintegration purposes o It avoids institutionalization and the stigma of  incarceration o It is less expensive than incarceration and more  humanitarian o It is appropriate for offenders whose crimes do not  necessarily merit incarceration 7. Describe some of the characteristics of adults on probation At yearend 2011 federal, state, and local probation 
agencies supervised slightly more than 4.0 million adult 
U.S. resident, with misdemeanor convictions accounting for
one-half. 25% of all probationers were women, and 54% of 
probationers were white
8. Explain the different ways that probation is administered In 29 states, a state or local agency delivers adult  probation services In 3 states, adult probation services are delivered 
exclusively through county or multicounty agencies in the 
executive branch
In 8 states, the judicial branch of government is 
responsible for adult probation services
In 5 states, local agencies in the judicial branch deliver 
adult probation services
And in 5 states, adult probation services are delivered 
through some combination of state executive branch, local 
executive agencies, or local agencies in either the judicial 
or the executive branch
9. Describe the measures used to evaluate probation Corrections professionals urge evaluators to collect data on
outcomes other than recidivism, such as amount of 
restitution collected, number of offenders employed, 
amounts of fines and fees collected, hours of community 
service, number of treatment sessions completed, 
percentage of financial obligations collected, rate of 
enrollment in school, number of days employed, education 
attainment, and number of days drug free
10. Describe the investigation and supervision functions of  probation officers Case investigation and client supervision are the two major
roles of probation officers. Investigation includes the 

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School: University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa
Department: Criminal Justice
Course: Introduction to Corrections
Professor: Patrick Halliday
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: Chapter 4 Notes
Description: These notes cover all of the objectives of chapter 4 and the key terms.
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
4 Pages 11 Views 8 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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