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UF - PSY 2012 - Study Guide - Midterm

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UF - PSY 2012 - Study Guide - Midterm

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background image PSY2012 Week 1-3 Make Sure to Review all of the concepts below for the applied 
questions on the Exam !
Expect to cover a chapter over every two class periods 3 Evaluations throughout the class + The Final  Course Goals:
1. Science behind Psychology 
2. Introduction to the different areas within the field of psychology
3. To teach you the concepts of psychology
GET TEXTBOOK Office Hours:  Monday ...
Tuesday 10:30­11:30
My Psych Lab  CourseID: pogge97871 Chapter 1 Psychology ­ the study of the mind, brain, and behavior Common Themes: ­Scientific Method
­Behavior has many causes
­Individuals vary but research focuses on group tendencies
­Multiple theories explain same behavior
­Nature (biology) & nurture (learning, experience)
­Context/sociocultural setting matter
Levels of analysis ­ Molecular ­> Neurochemical ­> Neurological ­> Mental Level (Cognitive) ­> Behavioral  level ­> Social Level  Human behavior is difficult to predict.
­ People have a hard time predicting their own behavior 
­ Actions are multiply determined
­ Psychological influences are rarely independent of each other 
­Ex. Motivation and cognition  Individual differences in thinking, emotion, and personality.
People influence one another.
­Reciprocal Determinism 
­Asch Experiment (using different sized lines with confederates (fake participants))
Behavior is shaped by culture.
background image Naïve Realism "Seeing is believing"
Are you objective?
­Ex: political beliefs (are you right about all of them?) Common Sense
Often contradictory
­ Birds of a feather flock together vs opposites attract
­ Absence makes the heart grow fonder vs out of sight, out of mind
Sometimes wrong
Sometimes right
­ Snap judgments Not always so common 
­ Curse of knowledge 
­ Importance of scientific observation On being "scientific"
A process to generate knowledge, not knowledge itself 
­ Systematic observations  Generally:
­ Start with an observation (empiricism)
­ Generate and test hypothesis 
­ Seek explanations that fit data
­ Repeat
­ Publish
Chapter 1 Continued Is psychology scientific? ­ Intuition 
­ We are all Naïve psychologists 
Hypothesis ­ a specific prediction based on a theory or experience, which can then be tested.
­ An expetation or prediction about a relationhip between two or more things
­ "We anticipated/predicited/expected that..."
­ Classic format: If X, then Y
Theory ­ organized set of ideas that explain many findings
­Specific (no "theory of everything" here)
­Falsifiable
­Tie together related data 
­Explains/predicts behavior
­Directs research 
­Are NOT truth (falsification vs failure to falsify)
background image A scientific theory vs your friend's "theory"
­Rigorous methods
­Multiple studies, different tests
­Explains data
Science as a Safeguard ­Psychologists (scientists) are people too
­Confirmation Bias
­Belief perseverance
Science protects us from fooling ourselves
Tests of hypotheses must be falsifiable ­ we must be able to be wrong
The scope of science
­Can test observations about the natural world
­Cannot test metaphysical 
­Do people have souls? On being wrong
Science is not perfect
­Good scientists accept that they might be wrong
Scientific knowledge is always tentative
­Degrees of confidence A set of claims that seems scientific but isn't
­No scientific method
­Lacks scientific safeguards Warning signs:
­Hypothesizing loopholes
­Over­reliance on anecdotes
­Lack of peer review
­Lack of self correction 
­Psychobabble (big scientific words that seem like they have meaning)
"Patternicity" ­The "hot hand" (basketball shoots)
­Face on Mars? ­ FAKE
Terror Management Theory ­1. Evolve self­awarness
­2. Realize inevitability of death
­3. Leads to paralyzing terror and sense that life is meaningless
Solution?
­4.Symbolic immortality
­Reminders of death lead to more:
­endorsement of cultural worldviews (including belief in the paranormal)
­pattern perception 
Logical Fallacies  ­Emotional reasoning fallacy
­Bandwagon Fallacy
­"Not me" fallacy

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School: University of Florida
Department: Psychology
Course: General Psychology
Professor: Professor Smith
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: Psychology
Name: PSY2012 Exam 1
Description: Study everything!
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
8 Pages 43 Views 34 Unlocks
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