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Virginia Tech - ISE 2054 - World Politics Study Guide for Exam 1 -

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Virginia Tech - ISE 2054 - World Politics Study Guide for Exam 1 -

School: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Department: International Studies
Course: Intro to World Politics
Professor: Courtney Thomas
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: world and Politics
Name: World Politics Study Guide for Exam 1
Description: This study guide covers everything we need to know for the first exam. It's pretty much a mash-up of all of my lecture notes, so mostly everything is on here. At the top, there is a list of important dates that we were told we have to know.
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
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background image Midterm 1 Study Guide Stuff to know for first exam: 1648: Treaty of Westphalia o Established sovereignty 1815: Congress of Vienna o European system is set to pre-Napoleonic Wars 1815-1914: Age of Metternich
1914-1918: World War I
1918-1939: Interwar period
1939-1945: World War II
1945-1991: The Cold War
12/25/1991: collapse of the Soviet Union
2001: 9/11- begins the War on Terror
Ex- telegram: deterrence, containment of communism 1991-2001: confusing and unfocused time for USA politics, we had a massive 
military and no war, War on Terror refocuses foreign policy
i. Lecture 2 a. 3 concepts: i. International Relations 1. Interactions between or among sovereign states
2. The world is state-centered
3. Legitimacy
4. Established political borders with some kind of 
political/economic system 5. 193 countries have seats in the UN (last to join was South  Sudan) 6. Sovereignty: whatever happens within state boundaries  stays there, states cannot interfere in the relations of 
other countries (until recently), states can choose their 
government types
7. Legitimacy a. External: recognized by certain states (usually if  USA says “no”, it is not recognized as legitimate) i. Ex: Palestine- most countries voted yes, USA and Canada voted no b. Internal: consent of the governed to be governed i. Ex: Syria ii. World Politics 1. Issues that play out on world stage
2. Pretty meaningless and undefined
iii. Globalization 1. Transnationalism
2. Independence
3. Super nationality/Sub nationalism
4. Hyperglobalists vs. Skeptics
background image 5. The world has become smaller and more interconnected  than ever before because of technology ii. Lecture 3 a. The world has its roots in westernization i. Every bit of politics that we know is only a couple hundred years  old b. There was no international system before there were states
c. People were originally nomadic and tribal
d. Communities prior to the modern world were hungry
i. They lived in hostile environments ii. Low birth rates e. First cultural revolution/agricultural revolution in the Fertile Crescent  rise in population f. The plague was so significant that it shows up on a population graph
g. Second agricultural revolution starts in Britain in the 12
th  century i. Enlightenment and science h. Third cultural revolution was a technological revolution in the 20 th   century i. Each revolution caused the population to skyrocket  i. Political Maps: the straighter the line, the more turmoil in the country i. Berlin in the 1800s- European powers divided African continent  among themselves, and when it became too expensive, they 
picked up and left, leaving incredible political turmoil in the 
whole continent
1. Some African groups are still nomadic, which hurts their  legitimacy/citizenship/etc.  2. A common African passport would make more sense to a  continent as diverse as Africa j. What if the Bubonic Plague was stronger and the Europeans never  colonized the world?  i. More countries in Africa with wavier boundaries k. Primordial communities i. Live to survive ii. Disciplined by honor and shame iii. Put the community before themselves iv. Patriarchal v. Rites of passage determine the members vs. the non-members l. Agriculture introduction of surplus i. Began near water and river valleys ii. Communities grew iii. When groups were nomadic, there was little conflict because  nobody owned anything iv. Food surplus establishment of civilizations rise and fall of  empires 1. Rulers were determined by whoever could conquer the  most land and people m. Kleptocracy: government that steals form its people i. Taxes or tribute ii. Need soldiers to protect surplus
background image iii. Farmers work to feed everyone n. Dynasties emerge with rule of blood and dominant blood lines i. Thought of as godly ii. Lasted until very recently o. First two modern states were considered to be France and Britain i. American Revolution starts the whole thing: 1. France supported America Great Britain became broke  and taxed their citizens ii. French estates 1. Clergy/church 1%
2. Nobility 2%
3. Everyone else 97%
a. Paid all the taxes 4. Estates general: each estate cast one vote, 1 and 2 would vote against 3 5. King decided to tax nobility 3 rd  estate proposes  proportional system and dissolves estates general 
French Revolution
iii. Dynasty system shifts to modern statehood 1. People deal with domestic politics in their own countries iv. Emergence of Nations: groups of people who believe they  belong together and can govern themselves, common identity or
threat unites them
1. Nationalism: self-described and usually caused the most political turmoil in the last 30 years despite being 
extremely unifying
2. Gives governments legitimacy
3. Constantly changing
4. Boundaries don’t really mean anything unless they are 
recognized as legitimate  a. Ex: Pakistan and Afghanistan (Stateless nations) iii. Lecture 4 a. Treaties of Westphalia: (1648) i. Gives us the Doctrine of Sovereignty 1. Right of a state to do whatever in its boundaries
2. Protected from threat of neighboring countries interfering
3. All European monarchs were connected somehow (by 
blood or by marriage) 4. Includes religious freedoms and early recognition of  citizenship ii. Holy Roman Empire is a mess iii. Germany is broken up into many small principalities iv. Politics are bloody v. Huge step in world politics b. Napoleonic Wars: (1803-1815) i. Extension of French Revolution ii. Convinced people to die in the name of being French iii. Collapsed Spanish Empire and Holy Roman Empire iv. Convinced soldiers to fight in extreme conditions

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School: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Department: International Studies
Course: Intro to World Politics
Professor: Courtney Thomas
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: world and Politics
Name: World Politics Study Guide for Exam 1
Description: This study guide covers everything we need to know for the first exam. It's pretty much a mash-up of all of my lecture notes, so mostly everything is on here. At the top, there is a list of important dates that we were told we have to know.
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
11 Pages 86 Views 68 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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