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CSU - BUS 205 - Study Guide

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CSU - BUS 205 - Study Guide

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background image Legal and Ethical Issues in Business Study Guide Help Important definitions to know: Grand Jury o 16 jurors determine whether there is a probable cause in order to issue and  indictment Writ of Certiorari  o Request that an appellate court hear an appeal (discretionary) Precedent o Theory of law where judges are obligated to follow precedents established in prior decisions Stare Decisis o “To stand on a decided case” Subject Matter o Specific court hears specific cases Personal (long­arm statutes) o Does the court have the right to hear the case personally based on minimum  contact and location? Minimum Contact o Enough personal jurisdiction by court for defendant In Rem Jurisdiction o “Jurisdiction over the thing” o Real property Diversity of Citizenship o Must have citizens of different states and the amount of the controversy is over  $75,000 Federal Questions Jurisdiction o Any case based on, at least in part, on the U.S. Constitution, a federal law, or  federal treaty Standing o Before a person can sue they must show they have suffered real harm or  prospective harm Venue o Location Delegation Doctrine o 1) Rulemaking; 2) Enforcement; 3) Adjudication Subpoena o Ordering a person to attend court Subpoena Ducus Tecum  o Ordering witness to bring specific documents Commerce
background image o All business dealings that affect more than one state Substantial Effect Rule o Does the activity substantially affect interstate commerce? Police Power o Power to protect or promote health, safety, general welfare, public order, and  morals Supremacy Clause o Federal law wins over state law o State law is allowed to be stricter than federal law Procedural Due Process o Any governmental action to take away a person’s life, liberty, or property must be given procedural safeguards to ensure fairness Substantive Due Process o A form of due process that says that certain rights are so fundamental that the  government may not eliminate them o Focus on the content or substance of a law (not the government action) Equal Protection o The government must treat similarly situated individuals must be treated in the  same manner Defamatory Speech o False speech that harms the reputation of another Fighting Words o Anything likely to incite violence Parties to a case: Plaintiff o The person bringing the lawsuit Defendant o The person getting sued or charged with a crime Steps of the Civil Process Fills out a complaint and a summons o These are two separate documents o Summons: plaintiff requires defendant to respond by a certain date Defendant files an answer o Admit and/or deny Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings (Plaintiff)  OR        Motion to Dismiss (defendant) Discovery o Asked to exchange information with each other
background image o 4 types Interrogatories – written Depositions – oral Request for Production of documents Electronic Discovery Request for admissions  Motion for Summary Judgment  o Ruling on the pleadings o Questions whether the trial is necessary o No genuine/material question of fact o Most judges deny these due to Jury System Pretrial Disclosures o What is the evidence? Witnesses? Exhibits? Trial – Verdict Decree or Ruling Motion for Judgment Notwithstanding the Verdict o Defendant asks judge to not pay attention to jury decision Motion for a New Trial o Usually filed with the previous motion o 99.9% denied Appeal Steps for Criminal Process Ticket/Arrest/Booking 1 st  Appearance Bail/Bond Preliminary Hearing o DEA presents evidence to court and court determines if the evidence is valid Making sure that people aren’t being held for the wrong reasons o These are for the most serious cases Arraignment/Plea o Are you pleading guilty or not guilty? Guilty – goes straight to sentencing Not Guilty – goes to trial first Trial Sentence Post Conviction Relief o Asking trial court for new trial or to overturn the verdict Appeal Equitable Remedies  Eye for an eye o Criminal or Civil

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School: Colorado State University
Department: Business
Course: Legal/Ethical Issues Business
Professor: Stephanie Bowen
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: Legal/Ethical Issues in Business: In Depth Study Guide
Description: Here is an in-depth study guide that gives further information of what you need to know for the exam! This will really help studying, especially if you don't have the required notes
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
8 Pages 54 Views 43 Unlocks
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