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MSU - LA 4143 - Class Notes - Week 3

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MSU - LA 4143 - Class Notes - Week 3

School: Mississippi State University
Department: Architecture
Course: Classical Mythology
Professor: Scott di Giulio
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: Classical Mythology, week 4
Description: Athena, Hephaestus, Dionysus, Poseidon notes
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
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background image Classical Mythology Notes Week 4
Prof. Scott DiGiulio
Athena and Dionysus Athena (“owl­eyed goddess”) The Birth of Athena
Hesiod Theogony 891­903
She’s the daughter of Zeus and Metis Hesiod Theogony 929­931 “From his own hand he gave birth to owl­eyed Athena, 
The awesome, battle­rousing, army­leading untiring Lady, whose pleasure is fighting and
metal…” *The Birth of Hephaestus came about because of Athena’s birth*
“And Hera, furious at her husband, bore a child without making love, glorious 
Hephaestus, The finest artisan of all the Ouranians.”  Hephaestus Relentlessly mocked by the other gods o Homer Iliad 1.599­600: “But among the blessed immortals uncontrollable laughter went up
as they saw Hephaestus bustling about the palace.”
o Attempts to seduce Athena Causes the birth of Ericthonius when he tried to rape Athena, but 
she escaped without her innocence being violated; however, with 
some of Hephaestus’ sperm upon her leg. Athena brushed it off of 
her and it fell to earth (Gaia) where then Gaia produced 
Ericthonius. 
Birth of Ericthonius:  o Born from Gaia o Grows and overthrows kings on earth o Starts dynasty in Athens Athena (and Hephaestus) and Pandora Hesiod Theogony 573­584 Athena gives Pandora clothes and irresistible beauty  Also gives Pandora skills like crafting and weaving Attributes of Athena
background image Virginity Masculine beauty Armor (shield, spear, helm) Bird: owl Aegis (with the gorgoneion­ armor piece/breast plate) Athena’s Domains Wisdom Cunning (Metis) Rational, calculated warfare o Homeric Hymn to Athena Crafts (esp. weaving) Patron of Athens Counselor to Heracles, Perseus, Odysseus, and others Athena and her mother, Metis Metis: daughter of Ocean, Titan goddess of wise counsel However, metis applies to many different things in Greek: o Uncertain situation o Situations that require cunning instead of force o Situations that require having a knack for something Epithet of Odysseus: polymetis­“of the many wiles” Athena and Odysseus Homer Odyssey 13. 287­299  Has close kinship because they’re similar  Odysseus knows the importance of how to use Metis like Athena Athena Becomes Athens’ Patron
Plato Menexenus 237c
Apollodorus Library 3.14.1ff Athen’s Patron: Athena Parthenos The Panathenaic Festival  Celebrates Athena’s birth  Said to have been founded by Erechtheus  ‘Great’ Panathenaea every four years  It lasts 12 days  Includes procession to Acropolis, person of gifts to the goddess, including a 
peplos, that was placed upon the cult statue. 

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School: Mississippi State University
Department: Architecture
Course: Classical Mythology
Professor: Scott di Giulio
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: Classical Mythology, week 4
Description: Athena, Hephaestus, Dionysus, Poseidon notes
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
6 Pages 19 Views 15 Unlocks
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  • 24/7 Homework help
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