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MSU - SO 1003 - Exam 1 study guide - Study Guide

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MSU - SO 1003 - Exam 1 study guide - Study Guide

School: Mississippi State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Intro to Sociology
Professor: Kimberly Kelly
Term: Summer 2015
Tags: Introduction to Sociology
Name: Exam 1 study guide
Description: This is the completed study guide for exam 1
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
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background image Exam 1 Study Guide Social Theory – Chapter 1 o Be able to define and understand these           Sociology: Study of human society MAKING THE FAMILIAR STRANGE          Sociology: Study of human society MAKING THE FAMILIAR STRANGE          C. Wright Mills and sociology imagination      The ability to connect the most basic, intimate aspects of an 
individual’s life to society and history 
How we think critically Baby names  personal  historical  Formal sociology; Microsociology: Local interactional contexts, focusing on face-
to-face, gathering data, in depth interviews
Macrosociology: social dynamics across whole societies o Numbers and stats  Social identity: The way individuals define themselves in relationship to 
groups that they are or are not a part of 
Grand Narrative:  Sum of all your social identities  o Ex: family, education, society, Greek life  Auguste Comte:  Stated that society is understood by determining the 
scientific laws governing behavior
We could determine right or wrong by ourselves and not by a 
higher power
Positivism: Scientific method Came out during a time of declining religious authority  Social institution: Networks of structures in society that work to socialize the 
people in them 
o Education systems, legal system, military
o Not stable and reflect the current values in society
o Who are the founding fathers of sociology and what are their  main theories  Founding fathers: 1. Karl Marx: Identifies class conflict as primary cause of 
social change 
o Historical materialism 2. Max Weber: Emphasized subjectivity or personal 
experiences 
background image o Different perspectives 
o Personal experiences shape who you are 
3. Emile Durkheim: Suggested division of labor helps 
determine how social cohesion is or is not maintained
o Assembly line  4. Georg Simmel: Sociology of pure numbers o Quantitative Functionalism: Draws from Durkheim  Stated that the best way to analyze society is to identify the 
roles that different aspects and phenomena play in society 
o Functions: 1. Manifest (explicit)    : Beneficial  2. Latent (hidden): Beneficial, unintentional 3. Dysfunctions (hidden):  Negative o Society is a living organism
o Ex: Labor market 
Role/Function: provides jobs, money, pay bills, 
goods, helps mental health connects people, 
insurance, retirement, food 
Conflict theory: Draws upon Karl Marxx Conflict among competing interests is the basic force of any 
society 
Competition drives social change  o Through revolution and war Inequality exists because of political struggles Inequality is unfair and exists at the expense of the less 
powerful groups in society
Symbolic Interactionism: Gorge Mead, Goffman o Everyday personal encounters shape and reinforce our notions  o We make judgements  People act in response to the meaning that signs and social 
signals hold for them 
Focused on how face-to-face interactions create the social 
world (microsociology)
o What are the 3 waves of feminism and what are they known for? Wave 1:  Suffrage movement Diverse people and goals o Right to vote, sexual freedom Expanded workplace roles Wave 2: (1960s) Stereotype: lesbian, angry, burning bras
background image Diverse participation Workplace rights, sexual violence, domestic violence, 
reproductive rights
Wave 3: (1980s) Diverse (academics) Black Female o Fought on race Sexual orientation Gender o        University of Chicago    : Charles Cooley: social self Looking-glass self: gauge how others view me and then 
create a self-concept from that 
Grand narrative George Mead: Social self  grand narrative WEB DuBois: Race and ethnicity Jane Addams: opened hull house  Behaviors and personalities shape who we are  Methods; Science – Chapter 2  Be able to define & understand these terms  Theory: Explanation for why or how a phenomenon occurs  Supported by a large body of evidence  Hypothesis: Proposed relationship between two variables; an educated 
guess
Null Hypothesis: there is no relationship between the two 
variables
Alternative Hypothesis: there is a relationship between the 
two variables 
         Deductive & inductive research Deductive approach: o Theory  Hypothesis  Observations  Analyze the  data  Inductive approach: o Observation  Theory  Determine if correlation exists  by noticing if chance is observed  Qualitative: Collect information about the social world that can’t be 
readily converted into numerical form
Quantitative: Seek to obtain information that is in numeric form Correlation: Observe a change in both variables  Sociologists conduct research to try and prove causation To prove causation… correlation and time order have to be 
established and any alternative explanations are ruled OUT 
Causation: Idea that a change in one factor results in a 
corresponding change in another factor (domino effect)

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School: Mississippi State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Intro to Sociology
Professor: Kimberly Kelly
Term: Summer 2015
Tags: Introduction to Sociology
Name: Exam 1 study guide
Description: This is the completed study guide for exam 1
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
7 Pages 32 Views 25 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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