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UNL - GEOG 140 - Study Guide - Midterm

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UNL - GEOG 140 - Study Guide - Midterm

School: University of Nebraska Lincoln
Department: Geography
Course: Introduction to Human Geography
Professor: Rebecca Buller
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Human, Physical, and geography
Name: TEST1 BUNDLE NOTES
Description: These notes include vocab sheet & information that will more than likely be on the test ( at least 70% of it for sure)
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
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background image ‘is NOT characteristic’ style multiple choice  Geography Test 1 Study Guide  =======intro to geography===============    Geography: the study of WHY WHAT IS WHERE  2 Different ways t o approach geography  1)  Systematic: approach to geographic study based on topical geography   a.  Ex: religion geography  2)  Regional: based on spatial unit of region  a.  Ex: Asian geography    Divided into: Human Geography & Physical Geography    Techniques used by geographers:   o   GIS, GPS, remote sensing, qualitative/quantitative techniques, maps  o   exploring link between people and place  o   explaining differences across people, places, scales,& times    Five Themes of Geography:  1)  Location: explains how geographical position of people and things on Earth affect what  happens & why  2)  Place: two types= 1) sense of place 2)perception of place 
3)  Human-environmental Interactions 
a.  Understanding relationship between humans & physical world 
b.  What is that, and why is it there? 
4)  Movement: mobility of things from hearth to other areas  a.  Expansion, relocation  5)  Regions: features of Earth’s surface in a particular area  Core vs Periphery regional relationships: areas and relationships to each other  Core areas: independent, dominate economically; exploit periphery & strong & powerful  Periphery areas: dependent on core areas; poor economically    ====Population==========    Population continues to grow=> many misconceptions that there’s not enough supplies  Three Diseases that can Affect Life Expectancy & Mortality (death rate)  1)  Infectious diseases (vectored/nonvectored) 
2)  Chronic/degenerative diseases 
3)  Genetic/inherited diseases 
background image ‘is NOT characteristic’ style multiple choice  Major World Population Clusters  1)  East Asia(1/4  of World Population)  a.  South Korea , Japan, China  2)  South Asia (23% of population on 3% of land)  a.  Clustered in cities, coasts, and rivers 
b.  Ganges River, Bangladesh 
c.  Separated by Himalayas 
3)  Western Europe (715 million)  a.  Most live in cities along coal fields  4)  Eastern North America (335.6 million)  a.  Largest urban center from Boston to Washington DC = BoshWash  i.  20% of US population  5 Highest Population Countries  1)  China (1,373,541,278) 
2)  India (1,266,855,598) 
3)  United States (323,995,528) 
4)  Indonesia (258,316,051) 
5)  Brazil (205,834,665) 
    Population composition includes:   o   Gender distribution  o   Age distribution    Demographic transition model: takes into account changes in birth, death and NIR  o   Model of demographic cycle:    Stage 1= low growth 
  Stage 2= increasing growth 
  Stage3= population explosion 
  Stage 4= decreasing growth 
  Stage 5= declining population 
  Government involvement has affected population change  o   Expansive policies, eugenic policies, and restrictive policies  =====Movement========  Basic types of movements:    Cyclic, periodic, migration, guest workers  Push & pull factors that cause migration 
background image ‘is NOT characteristic’ style multiple choice    Economic conditions, legal status, power relationships, political circumstances, armed  conflict & civil war, environmental conditions, culture and traditions, technological 
advances 
Reasons for moving:    Forced migration, voluntary migration (step or chain)  o   Step: following a series of stages, can be interrupted  o   Chain: further migration to a place where friend/relative lives    Males > mobile @ young age  Laws of Migration: every migration flow generates a return or counter migration    Majority of migrants move a short distance    Migrants who move further= big city  ====HUMAN TRAFFICKING=======    Human trafficking= 2 nd  most profitable illegal activity   o   High $,low risk    About 100k children in sex trade in US    Great Plains involvement = early stages on researching trafficking  o   Learn about combating stereotypes, increasing public awareness, assist law  enforcement, provide statistics for victim-support services, heal victims, change 
policy, prevent future incidents 
  Geography can be very helpful in stopping trafficking  through  o   Core/periphery power relationships  o   Culture   o   Demographics  o   Development  o   Economics  o   Identity  o   Migration  o   Networks  o   Politics  o   Urban dimensions    Research can help examine & understand things like:  o   Enslavement processes    Location 
  Motivation 
o   Identify common characteristics & patterns    …in victims:    Why/how did they get here? Push and pull factors    Depend on economic socio status?    …in traffickers: 
background image ‘is NOT characteristic’ style multiple choice    Can be found in economic demand situations (places with a lot of  people )  o   College World Series, Sturgis, pheasant hunting season,  pipeline construction, truck stops, football games , fairs    …in clients:    Stereotypical white male middle age w/ $ and family …commuting  long distance    Challenge:  people assume human trafficking doesn’t exist around b/c it’s not heavily  reported    UN & federal laws have come out with definition of trafficking  o   Key words: Force, coercion ,of fraud exploitation  Cases    The Boys in the Bunkhouse: labor trafficking mentally ill people    Labor trafficking  o   Targets ex-cons and illegals  Common Assumptions    It happens over there, not here====can be in any community    Only big cities have that problem===small town like Upland ,NE    The girls trafficked here are from elsewhere=====most are NATIVE to the area= home  grown    Pimps are male========Michelle Randall sold her daughters    Victims are female=====males make up 50%    Incidents occurred in the past    Prostitution is different from sex trafficking===NOT IF BY FORCE OR UNDERAGE    Those girls chose prostitution; They created the situation and must suffer the  consequence==72% are homeless    Patronizing strip clubs is harmless; they do it voluntarily    Patronizing an escort is harmless=75% attempt suicide    This is just a business, detached transaction for this sex worker    She is safe; no one is harming her==73% are assaulted / 83% assaulted w/ weapon    Human trafficking laws have been on the states’ books for a long time==recently  mentioned in NE in 2012    Johns are single, poor males= false    Risk factors of child trafficking    The individual’s life= bad family life, community, workplace     

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School: University of Nebraska Lincoln
Department: Geography
Course: Introduction to Human Geography
Professor: Rebecca Buller
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Human, Physical, and geography
Name: TEST1 BUNDLE NOTES
Description: These notes include vocab sheet & information that will more than likely be on the test ( at least 70% of it for sure)
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
13 Pages 76 Views 60 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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