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UNLV - COMM 413 - Class Notes - Week 3

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UNLV - COMM 413 - Class Notes - Week 3

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background image Monday, September 19, y Jour 413 The Times that Tried Men’s Souls SUMMARY In this weeks lecture a bunch of revolutionary papers popped up when the colonies were going  through issues with Britain. These papers include the South Carolina Gazette, Boston Gazette 
and the Pennsylvania Magazine. The stamp act of 1765 was hated by Americans and provoked 
the hanging effigy of Andrew Oliver. The Boston Massacre happened in 1770 and shortly after 
the revolution started. Thomas Paine is regarded as one of the most influential journalists of his 
time, writing about not only eradicating social and political problems in his country but for the 
world. He even got involved with the French Revolution as well as proposing women’s suffrage 
rights, being against animal cruelty, and basically the rights of every living being. Thomas Paine 
was truly ahead of his time when it came to discussing such issues. 
South Carolina Gazette 1738 Elizabeth Timothy ­ The first female editor/publisher in America ­ Was among one of the first female journalists ­ Had contracts with Benjamin Franklin in Philadelphia ­ Would become a woman who represented women’s suffrage Boston Gazette (1719-1775) ­ The most important radical newspaper during this time. This newspaper was the 
leading paper of the Revolution.
­ Back in the day the people’s auxiliary newsroom was the Green Dragon Tavern, 
where a lot of discussion was made about current issues either written from the 
newspaper or just from normal life.
­ The contributors to this newspaper included big names like Samuel and John Adams,
John Hancock and James Otis. They were also known as the Caucus Club.
John Gill & Benjamin Edes ­ John Gill was a printer in Boston Massachusetts and teamed up with Benjamin Edes to start 
the Boston Gazette Newspaper.
The Stamp Act of 1765 ­ The stamp act was highly contested against for the Americans during this period. The
British were asking for taxes higher than they issue in their homeland which made 
1
background image Monday, September 19, y people furious. The British would add a 10 pound fee if anyone wanted to go to the 
bar, purchase business papers and newspapers, and they also taxed legal 
documents with this price. So much protest ensued but nothing was being done 
about it at the moment.
Andrew Oliver ­ Was responsible for issuing and implementing the provisions of the Stamp Act. ­ In protest the Son’s of Liberty along with other people with the cause hung Andrew Oliver in 
effigy at the Liberty Tree in Boston. 
­ An interesting fact is that Andrew Oliver was personally against the Stamp Act but proceeded 
to tell everyone that he was for it anyway.
­ By 1766 parliament repeals the stamp act. The Boston Massacre 1770 ­ On March 5th 1770 the Boston Massacre consisted of British regulars killing 5 
colonists in the streets of Boston. 
­ Coverage of the Boston massacre was done by Samuel Adams and Paul Revere. As 
is popularly known this Massacre aided in starting the American Revolutionary War. 
Other fights like the Battle of Lexington and Concord, with the famous saying “Shot 
hear round the world” and Bunker Hill all lead to the famous war between England 
and America.
­ The war lasted from 1775­1783 Pennsylvania Magazine Thomas Paine ­ Thomas Paine was a Journalists who edited the Pennsylvania Magazine and wrote most of 
the content.
­ He was one of the most influential journalists of his time because: ­ He wrote about wanting to end slavery. ­ Wrote about the emancipation of women. ­ Wanted to abolish dueling. ­ Wrote about preventing animal cruelty. ­ Wanted equitable divorce laws. ­ Protection of intellectual property. ­ This guy was way ahead of his time. He wrote about issues that everyone found him to be 
crazy for. Overall everyone loved how radical he was when it came to writing. He looked at 
issues that not only in his country but in the world and wanted to eradicate them. 2

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School: University of Nevada - Las Vegas
Department: Communications
Course: History of Journalism
Professor: Gregory Borchard
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: history, Of, journalism, elizabeth, timothy, Stamp, ACT, boston, massacre, thomas, and Paine
Name: Journalism 413 The Times that try Men's Souls
Description: In this weeks lecture a bunch of revolutionary papers popped up when the colonies were going through issues with Britain. These papers include the South Carolina Gazette, Boston Gazette and the Pennsyl
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
3 Pages 8 Views 6 Unlocks
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