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UNLV - COMM 413 - Class Notes - Week 4

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UNLV - COMM 413 - Class Notes - Week 4

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background image Tuesday, September 20, y Jour 413 The Dark Ages of Journalism SUMMARY These notes were about how the political parties changed over time. There have been many 
different variations of Republicans and Democrats through each time period that actually 
change the meaning of each party as the years go by. There was a lot of opposition and debate 
when it came to the Federalist papers time period because you were either a federalist or a 
republican, there was no middle ground. The Alien and Sedition acts of 1798 happened 
because of the French Revolution and the French were actually responsible for creating a press
that was sort of like a watchdog. During the Jackson era slavery was a highly contested subject 
and important people such as Frederick Douglas showed that freedom for slaves were 
necessary. His accurate account of his life propelled others like himself to want to become free 
as well as people who were never enslaved to realize that slavery was a bad practice.
Articles of Confederation ­ First Party System (1792­1824) ­ Federalists/national Republicans   ­ power should rest in the collective power of the government. ­ (Alexander Hamilton) ­ Anti­federalists/Republicans   ­ (power should rest in the individual states)  ­ (Thomas Jefferson) Second Party System (1828-1854) ­ Federalists turned into Whigs ­ Republicans  ­ anti federalists turned to democrats   - Third party system (1854-1890’s) ­ Whigs turned to democrats 1
background image Tuesday, September 20, y The Federalist papers 1787 ­The partisan arguments were between  Alexander Hamilton James Madison  and  John  Jay ­ Their Purpose was to gain support for the constitution and this was published in the 
New York Papers. 
­ In The Articles of Confederation there is barely any mention of the word ‘democracy’. 
There is only a mention of a Republic. 
Post Office Act of 1792 ­ The Post Master was the ultimate gatekeeper of all information. They controlled what 
came in and what came out. 
­ This Act was signed into law by George Washington.  ­ They allowed free exchange of newspapers between printers as well as allowing 
national growth to occur and privacy of mail to be insured. 
­ The Freedom of information is equivalent to democratic discourse.  ­ There was no way for a person to be in the middle of both extremists—the federalist 
and the democrats. This is why this is called the Dark Ages of American Journalism. 
This is also referred to our own voice that we have these days. There really isn’t a 
middle ground when it comes to politics or our media coverage.
Federalists & Republicans ­ The Editor for the  Federalists  was  John Fenno  while the  Republicans   was  Phillip  Freneau . ­ The Paper for the  Federalists  was called the  Gazette of the United States  and the  Republicans  was the  National   Gazette. ­ Freneau  was known as the Poet of the Revolution. ­ Hamilton  was the  Federalist  Treasurer. He is currently depicted on the Ten Dollar bill. 2

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School: University of Nevada - Las Vegas
Department: Communications
Course: History of Journalism
Professor: Gregory Borchard
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: federalists, Republicans, Whigs, Frederick, douglas, french, revolution, post, Office, ACT, federalist, papers, alien, and, Sedition, acts, age, Of, and Jackson
Name: Jour 413 The Dark Ages of Journalism
Description: These notes were about how the political parties changed over time. There have been many different variations of Republicans and Democrats through each time period that actually change the meaning of e
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
4 Pages 20 Views 16 Unlocks
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