REL 101 Study Guide: Exam 1
REL 101 Study Guide: Exam 1 REL 101
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jessica Crump on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to REL 101 at University of Mississippi taught by Kristy Slominski in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 185 views. For similar materials see Intro to Religion in Religion at University of Mississippi.
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Date Created: 09/18/16
Study Guide: Exam 1 Put the 5 largest religions in order from most recently developed to oldest 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Name the seven dimensions of religion 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Vocabulary 1. ______________________ - a term referring to a religion that maintains belief in god or gods. 2. ______________________- the belief that all of reality is one. 3. ______________________- understanding the nature of the world and its origin and how it’s ordered. 4. ______________________- belief in many gods. 5. ______________________- a perspective that denies the existence of a god or gods. 6. ______________________- a religion that does not belief in the existence of a god or gods. 7. ______________________- expression of the divine will. 8. ______________________- belief in just one god. 9. ______________________- belief in many gods, but with one being elevated to a special status. 10. ______________________- the process through which societies evolve socially, economically, and culturally. 11. ______________________- a story or narrative that’s originally conveyed orally that sets forth the truths about a religious tradition. 12. ______________________- turning away from traditional religious authorities and institutions. 13. ______________________- the capacity to see through someone else’s perspective; a very important methodological approach to studying a religion and its traditions. 14. ______________________- coexistence of different peoples and traditions in one place at the same time. Study Guide: Exam 1 15. ______________________- a formal wordship practice. 16. ______________________- the intermixing of cultures. 17. ______________________- the shift of populations from rural settings to city settings. 18. ______________________- a common midsummer ritual across most native American religions that symbolizes a connection with the spirits. 19. ______________________- ceremonial practices including songs, prayers, chants, and other ritual practices. 20. ______________________- the center of the world connecting the earth to the heavens. 21. ______________________- Lakota religious leader that wrote a book about his life and a vision that he had. 22. ______________________- ancestral spirits of the Pueblo peoples. 23. ______________________- a common figure in North American mythology that teaches moral lessons in stories. 24. ______________________- Aztec god, thought to be the sacred power of creation. 25. ______________________- a structure built to ritually cleanse the body. 26. ______________________- a church founded on peyote religion. 27. ______________________- a ritual to attempt communication with the spirits. 28. ______________________- the man who started the Ghost Dance because of a vision he had from the spirits. 29. ______________________- a third gender identity that is believed to have special spiritual powers. 30. ______________________- rituals that mark a transition from one social status to another. 31. ______________________- a religious movement originating in Nevada that was used to bring ancestors back to life. 32. ______________________- hallucinogenic cactus used in Native American religions to encourage a vision quest. 33. ______________________- rituals performed to enhance natural processes such as rain or fertility. 34. ______________________ – spiritual specialist within native American spiritualties, not universal title among all of them; “medicine men” 35. _____________________ - a catholic document that stated how the colonialists should interact with the Native Americans. Study Guide: Exam 1 Extra info: Teachings/purpose for myths: Creation stories Ethical Learning the way of the culture Life lessons Purpose of chantways and rituals was to maintain harmony with the spirits and ancestors through rituals and prayers Contemporary Concerns of Native American lands: Ecological destruction Displacement by development Obliteration of sacred ways Religious rights Mascot controversy 36. ______________________- seeing and being seen by a deity; a form of worship. 37. ______________________- a descent of god sent to help the world. 38. ______________________- the never-ending cycle of birth, death, and rebirth. 39. ______________________- an illusion that veils the mind keeping one from achieving samsara. 40. ______________________- a caste system including four classes of society. 41. ______________________- the fourth stage of life; renouncer. 42. ______________________- the producer class of varna. 43. ______________________- a philosophical text also known as the Vedanta that speculates the truths of the Vedas. 44. ______________________- the path of devotion. 45. ______________________- the eternal self that is reincarnated until one reaches samsara. 46. ______________________- a member of the servant varna. 47. ______________________- societal duty; living in a way that maintains the cosmic and social order. 48. ______________________- path of ethical and ritual works. 49. ______________________- a collection of hymns and other religious material of Vedic literature. 50. ______________________- the consequences of action. Study Guide: Exam 1 51. ______________________- the sound that manifests the universe; the expression of Brahman. 52. ______________________- a warrior and administrator varna. 53. ______________________- a priestly member of varna. 54. ______________________- the “oppressed,” previously known as the untouchables. 55. ______________________- the supreme unitary reality of monistic Hinduism; the supreme god of dualistic Hinduism. 56. ______________________- liberation from samsara. 57. ______________________- the path of knowledge. 58. ______________________- one of the avatars of Vishnu; an important deity of The Bhagavad Gita and the Mahabharata. 59. ______________________- the term for Hindu texts that are traditional 60. ______________________- the destroyer of the universe; husband of Parvati and father of Ganesha and Skanda. 61. ______________________- a religious, social, and cultural reformer of India who had a formal European education and fought for India’s independence; was assassinated 62. ______________________- a teaching of dharma; an epic about Krishna 63. ______________________- the goddess that’s the creator, preserver, and destroyer of the universe. 64. ______________________- “that which is heard” Vedic literature that is revealed and thus, truth. 65. ______________________- A devotee of Shiva. 66. ______________________- the supreme god that sends his avatars to intervene with the world. 67. ______________________- a devotee to Devi. 68. ______________________- an avatar of Vishnu; Ramayana is the sacred text about him. 69. ______________________- the sacred text that introduces margas and seeks to remedy the tension between renouncing and regular world life. 70. ______________________- a devotee to Vishnu and his avatars. 71. ______________________- “The Journey or Rama;” a sacred text that teaches moral lessons and dharma. 72. ______________________- waving a lamp or candle in front of a deity 73. ______________________- a form of worship involving offerings before an image of a deity. 74. ______________________- a spiritual leader of Hinduism Study Guide: Exam 1 75. ______________________- uniting oneself with god through physical and mental exercise; a spiritual path to liberation. 76. ______________________- a formula recited to produce a spiritual effect. 77. ______________________- rituals to release the boundaries of samsara faster; often oversteps caste boundaries to access the sacred energy beyond this world; to become one with the deities or gaining spiritual insight 78. ______________________- public; institutional realm of worship 79. ______________________ – a private place of worship Extra info: Aims of Hindu life: Dharma – duties Pleasure Prosperity Moksha – ultimate spiritual goal of liberation The deities are often holding things that they represent; this is why they often have several arms Vedic Gods (a few): Agni – god of fire, personified as fire; fire is important because it was believed that by burning offerings, the smoke brought the offerings up to them Indra – god of thunder Soma – the immortal drink; the drink of the gods that allows them to maintain their immortality; some of the Vedas include how to make it Age of the Guptas (320 – 540 CE): “Golden Age” Temples o Bhakti – devotion to gods; grew out of efforts to sponsor religion Tantra – a movement that orginated in this time period Methods of transgression: Study Guide: Exam 1 Initiation – probably by a guru; guru would give you the information, tasks, or tools for transgression Mantras – sayings, noises e.g. ohm Mandalas – pictures that focused the mind Taboo substances – eating beef, or impure substances Sexual union 80. Study Guide: Exam 1 17. Urbanizat 43. Upanisha religions newest to ion d oldest 18. Sun 44. Bhakti 1. Islam Dance marga 2. Christianity 19. Chantway 45. Atman 3. Buddhism s 46. Shudra 4. Judaism 20. Axis 47. Dharma 5. Hinduism mundi 48. Karma ANSWERS marga 7 dimensions of 49. Vedas religion Black Elk 50. Karma 1. Practical 21. Kachina 51. Om 2. Experiential 52. Kshatriya 22. Trickster and emotional 23. Quetzalc 53. Brahmin 3. Narrative or oatl 54. Dalit mythic 24. Sweat 55. Brahman 4. Doctrinal and lodge 56. Moksha philosophical 25. Sweat 57. Jnana 5. Ethical and Marga lodge legal 26. Native 58. Krishna 6. Social and American 59. Smriti institutional Church 7. Material 27. Vison 60. Shiva quest 61. Mohanda Vocabulary s Ghandi 28. Wovoka 1. Theistic 29. Two-spirit 2. Monism 30. Rites of 62. Mahabha 3. Cosmology passage rata 4. Polytheistic 31. Ghost 63. Shakti/De 5. Atheism Dance vi 6. Nontheistic 64. Shruti 32. Peyote 7. Revelation 33. Rites of 65. Shaiva 8. Monotheism renewal 66. Vishnu 9. Henotheism 34. Shamin 67. Shakta 10. Moderniz 35. Inter 68. Rama ation Caetera 69. Bhagavar 11. Myth d Gita 36. Darshan 12. Seculariz 37. Avatar 70. Vaishnav ation 38. Samsara a 13. Empathy 39. Maya 71. Ramayan 14. Multicultu 40. Varna a ralism 41. Sannyasi 72. Arati 15. Ritual 73. Puja 42. Vaishya 16. Globalizat 74. Gurus ion 75. Yoga Study Guide: Exam 1 76. Mantra 78. Mandir 77. Transgres (temple) sion 79. Home altars
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