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Professor: Dr. Han TranCLA220-Greek and Roman MythologyCadmus (cont.) Ares(Greek)/Mars(Roman): only legitimate child of Hera and Zeus; represents war and the chaos surrounding it. (all the Olympians hate him) -The serpent, guarding the spring, is the son of Ares. He attacks all of Cadmus’ men and kills them. -Cadmus looks for his men-finds the snake and the carnage around the spring. +first he tries to kill it with a stone, but the serpent is not harmed (because the serpent is uncivilized and from nature)+then he strikes with a spear (man-made object; represents civilization) and the serpent falls -The voice of an oracle comes out of nowhere and tells Cadmus that “You too shall be A serpent in men’s eyes!” after he killed the serpent. -Athena tells Cadmus to pull out the teeth of the serpent and plant the teeth as if they were seeds. Fully-armed warriors emerge from the ground and start to fight each other. -Spartoi (Greek for “sown-man”) are the men who emerged from the ground and kill each until five survivors remain. The remaining Spartoi and Cadmus found the city of Thebes.All of the Spartoi were born of the serpent, which Cadmus killed, then they kill each other (brothers). Thebes has a deep history of fratricide. -Oedipus is a descendant of Cadmus. Showing that Thebans will have enemies in their family.
-In other versions, Ares threatened to kill Cadmus for killing serpent, but Zeus intervened. Zeus gave Harmonia, daughter of Ares and Aphrodite, to Cadmus in marriage. -Cadmus has four daughters: Autonoe (Actaeon’s mother), Agave (Pentheus’ mother), Semele (Dionysus’s mother), and Ino (Learchos/Melicertes). Actaeon -With Actaeon, we seem to be brought back to the dark ages. -He is a young hunter, and one day, accidently stumbles upon Artemis taking a bath. He is punished by Artemis turning him into a stag; previously a hunter becomes the hunted pray. -His hunting dogs don’t recognize him and maul him to death. In Ovid, he retained his human consciousness, but was unable to stop the dogs. Semele -Semele’s lover is Zeus. Zeus appears in his normal, majestic form to Semele, unlike in the past when he disguises himself. -Hera took the guise of Semele’s mortal nurse and tells her to prove that her lover is Zeus by telling him to appear in his true shape. -Zeus appears at the call of Semele and she instantly dies when he appears in his true form, but she was pregnant. Zeus saves the child, who was not yet ready to be born and needed further incubation. Zeus sows the child in his own thigh. -The child was a god, Dionysus. He is a god because he was born from the body of Zeus himself. (only figure who is a god despite the fact that his mother is mortal) -Dionysus/Bacchus: god of wine, life energy, and transformation2
He doesn’t really live with the other Olympians, but spends most of his time on Earth and was raised by his mortal aunt Ino in a cave. (but he wasn’t raised on nectar or ambrosia, furthering distancing him from the other gods) Also, he encourages humans to step outside of their normal, everyday selves (this applies most specifically to women because they were more constrained) Encourages women to experience more freedom, taking part in male activities like hunting/encourages men to relax from their strict, authoritarian social roles. There is a great potential in his worship to spin out of control.Tiresias -Zeus and Hera are having an argument about who enjoys making love more-men or women? They ask Tiresias, who has been both genders. He began as a boy, who wandered through the woods and saw two-snakes in the act of coupling, he struck them and turned into a woman. Years later, he was in the woods and ran into the same situation, striking the same coupling snakes and returning to his original male form.-Tiresias sides with Zeus, and Hera is angry so she strikes him blind. So Zeus gives him divine vision for the loss of his human sight. Echo and Narcissus -Narcissus is a child of rape. In Greece, unwholesome union often produced the most beautiful creatures. He is so beautiful that he attracts both boys and girls, and he is so perfect that no one is really good enough for him.3
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School: University of Miami
Department: Classical Studies
Course: Greek and Roman Mythology
Professor: Han Tran
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Greek, and, Roman, mythology, CLA, CLA220, and 220
Name: Greek and Roman Mythology Week 4 Notes
Description: Covering what was gone over in class during week four.