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Texas State - TH 2360 - Class Notes - Week 2

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Schools > Texas State University > Engineering > TH 2360 > Texas State - TH 2360 - Class Notes - Week 2

Texas State - TH 2360 - Class Notes - Week 2

School: Texas State University
Department: Engineering
Course: Fundamentals of Criminal Law
Professor: B.a. Dr. J. D. Elshoff
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Law, Criminal, criminology, Criminal Justice, Austin, texas state, UH, elshoff, study, Case Study, case series, CJ, cj2360, San, sanmarcos, and texas
Name: Week 2 Fundamentals of Criminal Law Notes!
Description: Hi guys, these are the notes for week 2 I apologize for the delay, please contact me for any questions I'd be more than happy to assist!
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
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background image CJ 2360.002  FUNDAMENTALS OF CRIMINAL LAW  WEEK 2  9/6-8/2016  •  Code of Hammurabi, eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth  •  In Texas the 3 rd  DWI is a Felony, 1 st  & 2 nd  are Misdemeanors.   •  Chapter 2-Criminal Liability  •  Rationale: Although laws were designed to protect society, the unbridled implementation  by government agents gave rise to the need to place limitations on the government  •  Bill of Rights—this refers to the first 10 Amendments to the U.S. Constitution, to protect  citizens from unreasonable conduct on the part of the  federal  government. As time went  on, additional amendments were added, bringing the number to 27 today.  •  4 th   o  no unreasonable search & seizure  •  5 th   o  no double jeopardy 
o  no self-incrimination (right to remain silent) 
•  6th   o  right to counsel   §   only at a critical stage of the procedure/preceding  o  right to proper venue  §   county where the case is brought   §   if you want to change venue, you need to do that in the first motion, or  you’ve waived it.   •  8 th   o  no excessive bail 
o  no cruel and unusual punishment 
•  14 th    o  due process (1-10 applied to the states) 
o  equal protection 
•  Jurisdiction—refers to the type of cases a court may hear  •  Venue—the geographical location where a trial should be held; if venue is improper,  either side may move for a change of venue ( and do it immediately !)  •  Right to Privacy  o  There is no mention of a right to privacy in the Constitution; however, the  Supreme Court has determined it to be substantive right under the due process and 
freedom of association clauses. 
Griswold v. Connecticut  (1965), 381 U.S. 479  •  CORRECTION—one of the answers is Kentucky Fried Chicken and that’s the  WRONG answer.  •  Cruel and unusual punishment—physical or mental punishment in excess of that given  to the people under similar circumstances; banned by the Eighth Amendment to the U.S. 
Constitution.  
•  Due process—a basic constitutional principle based on the concepts of privacy of the  individual, limitations on governmental power, and a safeguard against arbitrary and 
unfair governmental actions. 
o  due process includes the basic rights of a defendant in a criminal proceeding.  •  Social harm—the proposition that, before an act may be declared a crime, there must be  some harm to society resulting from the commission of the act.  
background image CJ 2360.002  FUNDAMENTALS OF CRIMINAL LAW  WEEK 2  •  Legality—a guide for judges based on the common law principle that sets limitations on  the formation, creation, and interpretation of criminal laws.  •  Ex post facto laws—law that make acts criminal after they were committed,  retroactively lessens the evidence required for a conviction, or increase the punishment 
for previously committed criminal acts. 
•  Equal protection—a clause in the 14 th  Amendment to the U.S. Constitution that requires  that persons under like circumstances be given equal protection in the enjoyment of 
personal rights and the prevention and redress of wrongs.  
o  The constitutional guarantee of “equal protection of the laws” means that no  person or class of persons shall be denied the same protection of the laws that is 
enjoyed by other persons or other classes in like circumstances. 
•  Double jeopardy—a protection in the 5 th  Amendment to the U.S. Constitution,  enforceable against states through the 14 th  Amendment, which protects an individual  against second prosecution for the same offense after acquittal or conviction and against 
multiple punishments for the same offense. 
•  Conviction—a judgement of guilt; verdict by a jury or by a judge in a nonjury or bench  trial.  o  Note: a plea of guilty is not a conviction until it is accepted by a judge and  judgement is entered by the judge.  Case Briefs—Chapters 1&2   9/1/2016  1.  U.S. v. Grimad (1911) (congress may delegate to an administrative agency, the power to  make regulations that may be enforced by criminal procedures)  a.  Defense, no crime actually committed, force reserve act 1891, Department of  Agriculture, defense that they shouldn’t. Whether or not have jurisdiction to do 
that. 
2.  Moore v. City of Albany (1967) (Stare decisis applies in future cases when the facts of a  subsequent case are substantially the same)  a.    3.  State v. Starfield (MN 1992) (conviction upheld where woman was in car, and  intoxicated, but the car was stuck in a snowbank)  a.  Starfield license suspended, dwi. Admitted under the influence however her son  was driving. Issue turns on actual physical control. Some states are different  4.  City of Kalispell v. Koestner (2001) (Whether the justice court had jurisdiction to hear an  appeal from municipal court.)  a.  Koestner wreck less driving, jury trial. Issue no jurisdiction to hold.  5.  Ottertail Power Co. v. Von Bank (1974), 72 N.D. 497 (stare decisis is founded on the  theory that security and certainty require following established principles, under which 
rights may accrue) 
a.  Fact that Federal Power Commission has authority to compel involuntary  interconnections of power did not insulate electric power company from antitrust 
regulation for refusing to wholesale or wheel power to municipal distribution 
systems. 
b.  I--The court also held that district court should determine whether litigation that  power company was found to have sponsored for purpose of delaying and 

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School: Texas State University
Department: Engineering
Course: Fundamentals of Criminal Law
Professor: B.a. Dr. J. D. Elshoff
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Law, Criminal, criminology, Criminal Justice, Austin, texas state, UH, elshoff, study, Case Study, case series, CJ, cj2360, San, sanmarcos, and texas
Name: Week 2 Fundamentals of Criminal Law Notes!
Description: Hi guys, these are the notes for week 2 I apologize for the delay, please contact me for any questions I'd be more than happy to assist!
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
4 Pages 48 Views 38 Unlocks
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  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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