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U of M - PSY 3011 - Class Notes - Week 2

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U of M - PSY 3011 - Class Notes - Week 2

School: University of Minnesota
Department: Psychology
Course: Intro to Learning and Behavior
Professor: Thomas Brothen
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Psychology, FinalQuiz, Learning&Behavior, and PSY3011
Name: PSY 3011 Final Quiz Answers
Description: - Learning and Behavior - Chapter 1: History, Background, and basic concepts (The search for general principles of learning) - According to Thomas Brown’s secondary principles of association, learn
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
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background image PSY 3011 Introduction and Behavior  Chapter 1 Final Quiz Answers  (Green letters are the correct answers) Q1. According to Thomas Brown’s secondary principles of association, learning is affected by a. the length of time two stimuli are presented together b. all of the others are correct c. the liveliness or vividness of the stimuli d. how frequently two stimuli have been presented together 2.  If the savings in a serial learning experiment is 75% after a delay of one hour, the savings after a  delay of two hours will probably be Select one: a. less than 50% b. about 50% c. more than 50% d. more than 75% 3.  Criticisms of the use of animal subjects boils down to which argument? Select one: a. ethical concerns are a problem b. all of the others are correct      c. human beings are so different from all other animals that it is not possible to generalize from the  behavior of animals to human behavior
background image       d. many important skills, such as the use of language, reading, and solving complex problems,  cannot be studied with animals 4.  Which is TRUE about intervening variables? a. According to Skinner, the intervening variable is unnecessary because it does not improve our 
ability to predict behavior.
b. N. E. Miller’s position is that the potential advantage of including intervening variables decreases 
as a theory is expanded to deal with more and more independent and dependent variables.
c. The theories of psychologists of the behavioral tradition never include intervening variables. d. all of the others are true. 5.  Nativism is a. none of the others are correct b. the view that all knowledge comes from experience c. the view that no knowledge comes from experience d. a more extreme position than Empiricism 6.  One disadvantage of using animals in research on learning is that a. all of the others are correct b. some complex learning abilities are unique to humans c. they are more likely to display “subject effects” than humans d. it is difficult to control their environments 7.  N.E. Miller’s position on intervening variables compared to Skinner’s was that Select one: a. th ere is a potential advantage to expanding a theory by adding more and more independent and  dependent variables b. intervening variables are always undesirable c. none of the others are correct d. fairly simple theories are unnecessarily complicated by including intervening variables
background image If a child learns the concept of house before the concept of floor, this learning
Select one:
a. is evidence against James Mill's theory of complex ideas
b. is evidence for James Mill's theory of complex ideas
c. is evidence against Aristotle's principle of contiguity d. is evidence for Aristotle's principle of contiguity Question 2 B. F. Skinner used white rats in his early experiments because
Select one:
a. none of the others are correct b. they had been frequently used in medical research c. he felt it did not matter what species he studied
d. they exhibit only the simplest learning abilities
Question 3 During the course of brain operations with human subjects, Penfield found that electrical 
stimulation of specific areas of the cerebral cortex
Select one:
a.produced irreversible damage to the neurons that were stimulated
b. caused patients to report vivid visual and auditory sensations c. led to dreams that the patients described in detail when they awoke d. caused patients to experience pain Question 4
The British Empiricists were called so because of their belief that _____ person acquires _____ 
knowledge through _____. 
Select one:
a. every; all; experience b. only an intelligent; some; experience c. every; all; the methods of science
d. only an intelligent; some; the methods of science
Question 5 Researchers using the behavioral approach frequently choose to conduct their experiments with
nonhuman subjects for which reason?
Select one:
a. humans can sometimes pose serious problems
b. using animal subjects is convenient and inexpensive
c. comparative simplicity
d. all of the others are correct Question 6
background image Which is TRUE about intervening variables?
Select one:
a. According to Skinner, the intervening variable is unnecessary because it does not improve 
our ability to predict behavior.
b. N. E. Miller’s position is that the potential advantage of including intervening variables 
decreases as a theory is expanded to deal with more and more independent and dependent 
variables.
c. The theories of psychologists of the behavioral tradition never include intervening variables.
d. all of the others are true. Question 7
James Mill (1829) proposed that if two or more simple sensations are repeatedly presented 
together, a product of their union may be a
Select one:
a. contiguous idea
b. duplex idea
c. similarity idea d. complex idea Question 8 Which is FALSE about the study of learning? Select one:
a. Most specialists would define learning as a process of change that occurs as a result of an 
individual’s experience.
b. Learning researchers study not only the process of learning but also the product of learning—
the long­term changes in an individual’s behavior.
c. Although the psychology of learning deals with all types of learning and learned behaviors in 
all types of creatures, its scope is broad. d. Within the field of psychology, researchers have studied the topic of learning in only one  basic way. Question 9
Long­term potentiation
Select one: a. is an increase in the strength of an excitatory synapse b. is an increase in an animal's ability to learn
c. never lasts for more than a few hours
d. is a decrease in a neuron's rate of firing Question 10 The goal of much of the research on learning has been to develop _____ principles that are 
applicable across a _____ range of _____ and learning situations. 
Select one: a. general; wide; species b. specific; narrow; people

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School: University of Minnesota
Department: Psychology
Course: Intro to Learning and Behavior
Professor: Thomas Brothen
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Psychology, FinalQuiz, Learning&Behavior, and PSY3011
Name: PSY 3011 Final Quiz Answers
Description: - Learning and Behavior - Chapter 1: History, Background, and basic concepts (The search for general principles of learning) - According to Thomas Brown’s secondary principles of association, learn
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
13 Pages 165 Views 132 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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