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UK - KIN 200 - Study Guide

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UK - KIN 200 - Study Guide

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background image KHP 200 Exam 1 Study Guide Chapter 1 Obesity When BMI (body mass index) is 30+ There are regional, societal, and economic factors Costs of overweight and obesity
- Medical spending
- Health insurance
- Airline industry
- Future impact
Nutrition factors
- Dramatic fast food consumption increase since 1980
- Inverse relationship between sugary drinks and milk
- Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act
States with the highest obesity levels are Arkansas, Mississippi, and 
Alabama
National Goals for Healthy Foods and Physical Activity in Schools Healthy People Initiative: established health goals for the nation in the 
next decade
Goals of HP 2010
- Increase quality and years of healthy lives
- Eliminate health disparities
Goals of HP 2020
- Increase % of schools offering more nutritional foods
- School breakfast programs
National Plan for Physical Activity “One day, all Americans will be physically active and they will live, 
work, and play in environments that facilitate regular physical activity.”
Serves 8 societal sectors
1) Business/industry
2) Education
3) Healthcare
4) Mass media
5) Parks and rec programs
6) Public health
7) Transportation/design of community
8) Volunteer/nonprofit organization 
background image Barriers to parents getting children involved in physical activity
- Cost, fear of injury, transportation, etc.
Lifespan Physical Activity Gender and age limits
- Some girls are afraid of being called “tom-boy” if they play sports
Role of self-efficacy Concept of play Early Years Learning through physical movement From informal to sport opportunities A variety of venues Kids begin sport programs at earlier ages Youth: Transition Years Become more sedentary
- Sports become more competitive
- Puberty 
Venues range from park and rec programs, intramurals, interscholastic 
sports, private clubs
Young Adulthood Campus rec centers Intramurals Sport clubs Outdoor adventure center Health clubs YMCA’s Parks and Rec programs Older Adults Old myth: avoid MVPA (moderate to vigorous physical activity) Since the 1960s, there has been a dramatic increase in all forms of 
competitive physical activity
Regular physical activity increases life expectancy New Settings for Physical Activity Public and private sector programs
background image Home fitness Fee-for-service sport clubs Fee-for-service fitness centers Community centers YMCA/YWCA Worksite fitness/wellness centers Emerging Characteristics of Lifespan Physical Activity Importance of early start to form habits Must be enjoyable Reduced gender bias Increased life expectancy Emergence of private-sector industry More readily available and better info Improved technology available Major Issues Access to healthier foods Role of race, place, and socioeconomic status Built environment Individual responsibility Chapter 2 Gymnastic Philosophies Major European influences on US Germany: Friedrich Ludwig Jahn
- Military influence
- Goal was to create a strong country by creating "turnvereins,” which
included jumping, running, throwing, and basically simple games of 
running and dodging 
Sweden: Pen Henrik Ling
- His system had goals that were aesthetic, pedagogical, and medical
aspects of exercise - Wanted his students to achieve a unifying relationship of mind,  body, and duty to Sweden.  He wanted to unify Sweden - Rejected Jahn’s work Charles Beck
- First PE teacher
Hartwig Nissen
- Swedish diplomat
background image - Brought Ling system to US Catherine Beecher
- Women can do physical activity as long as it’s appropriate
Dicolesian Lewis
- Grace of Beecher system and scientific nature of Ling system
- Moderate physical activity
Edward Hitchcock
- First to use measures such as height and weight
Dudley Sargent
- Influenced by German, Swedish, and American systems
Emergence of Physical Activity in American PE William G. Anderson (1885)
- Association for the Advancement of Physical Education
o Very few preparation for PE teachers
o Helped found this organization
Delphine Hanna (Oberlin College)
- Develops nation’s first PE teacher preparation program
1893 – International Congress on Education: Thomas Wood (Stanford 
University)
- Presented new PE
- People realized they can learn through physical activity
- Teamwork, determination, etc.
Luther Halsey Gulick
- Development of public and private self
1927 – Wood and Rosalind Cassidy publish  The New Physical Education  by putting all ideas together on paper Emergence of Fitness Pre-10,000 BC: hunting and gathering of food for survival
- People had to be fit to defend themselves against common 
enemies, hunter, etc. 2500-250 BC: eastern cultures recognize its connection with health 
problems
- People realize if they’re not fit, that can lead to health problems
Greek & Roman Empires: integral part of culture, military readiness, 
and worshipping of gods
- Must be ready to defend city from enemies that try to enter
- Wanted to please gods
Dark and Middle Ages (476 AD-1400 AD): return to need to sustain life 
(survival)

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School: University of Kentucky
Department: Kinesiology
Course: History and Philosophy of Physical Education and Sport
Professor: Jill Day
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Sport and history
Name: KHP 200 Exam 1 Study Guide
Description: Chapters 1-4
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
14 Pages 41 Views 32 Unlocks
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