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AU - World History 1 - Class Notes

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AU - World History 1 - Class Notes

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background image Hellenic Greece Solon is more sensitive to the middle class. He institutes two main reforms. 1) Establishes a jury. 2) He
lowers property requirements for participation in government. This opens up the political process for 
the middle class. He was known as the father of Democracy. 
Pisistratus was a tyrant behind the scenes. The government looked like a normal democracy but he 
was ruling it behind the scenes badly. He was ultimately overthrown. 
Cleisthenes overhauls the constitution to make it more thoroughly represented. He divided the ten 
citizen rings (tribes) an they could elect fifty representatives to make up the city council. This makes 
the city council more representative of the city of Athens. 
  Meanwhile, Sparta (arch rival) was running differently. It's unique through it military and culture. It was
ruled by a monarch and never really changed or evolved. It was apart of slave uprising. IT grew and 
annexed lands around it. When it annexed the lands it took the people as slaves, Helots (an enslaved 
person). The Helots were determined to overthrow Sparta to fain control. They were such a threat to 
overthrow, that Sparta transformed itself to a military machine so that it was ready to defend 
uprisings. Little boys (age 7) were taken from families to live in government dorms to transform them 
into fighting machines. They took the girls too, so that they could train them to bear strong children. 
They educated and trained to fear ABSOLUTELY NOTHING. To never cry. It was almost robotic. 
  Wars. There were two major wars to form the backdrop of the golden age of Greek Philosophy. First 
war was a conflict over two decades with the Persian Empire. Athens was the first to come to the aid 
of the Greeks (living on the Asia Minor) against the Persians. They other city states followed suit. It 
became the Delian League. One of the battle is the battle of Marathon. Greeks won and every one was
surprised. This war opened up for the Peloponnesian war. Athens became the head of the Delian 
League because they were the first to help the Greeks. However, Athens ruler, Pericles, started to use 
the money and resources to extend the land for Athens. This aroused the animosity of some of the 
other groups (Sparta). This created a long war between Athens, and allies, and Sparta, and allies. 
Sparta defeats Athens and Athens suffers tremendously. They stripped Athens of their democracy and 
power. This creates the backdrop for Greek Philosophy, Science, and Mathematics. The foundation of 
the western thought started here. 
  Three main Philosophers. Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. Socrates. We know about him because of his 
student Plato. He reflects why the Greeks are different and so important. He starts asking big 
questions, philosophical questions. A lot was based on Greek mythology. The mythology around the 
God's base the thoughts of the world around them. However, Socrates starts asking questions for 
understanding outside the mythology realm. They used objective reason. They attribute a lot of things
in the world to the natural instead of supernatural. Socrates. He was a moralist. He was concerned 
with the right and wrong. He believed that you had to send time grappling and thinking about right 
and wrong. "Know thyself" He hated the idea of "sleepwalking through life", He hated people who 
didn’t stop to ask "why am I doing what I am doing?" He wanted reason in lives. Not doing something 
solely because of traditions. DO something after critical reasoning, self-examination. He also believed 
that evil was the result of ignorance. IF you showed people what is good they would do it. Loss of 
humanity was lack of knowledge but when you showed them they are good. "knowledge is virtue" SO 
how did he educate the people. He how did he educate people? He had a lot of followers who 
supported him. He was a public figure, He would go into the public spaces (Agora, market place) and 
button whole some unsuspecting individual. He put them through the Socratic method which was a 

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School: Auburn University
Department: History
Course: World History I
Professor: Donna Bohanan
Term: Fall 2015
Tags: World History
Name: Hellenic Greece
Description: Lecture on 9/14/16
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
2 Pages 16 Views 12 Unlocks
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