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AU - HIST 1010 - Class Notes - Hellenic Greece and Hellenistic

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AU - HIST 1010 - Class Notes - Hellenic Greece and Hellenistic

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background image Hellenic Greece and Hellenistic Civilization Hellenic Greece. Drama. The Greeks were major league theatre fans. Tragedy and 
Comedy. Aeschylus was a trilogy of plays around a main character, Oresteia. The 
story is about Oresteia's dad going off to the Trojan war and his wife (mother of 
Orestia) took on a lover. When the dad comes back, the mom and lover plot and kill 
the father. Orestia and his sister are so mad they want revenge and plot to kill the 
mom. When they do he feels so guilty that he goes to Athena (Goddess of wisdom 
and war) and she absolves him of his guilt. Sophocles was another trilogy around a 
character named Oedipus. It is about Hubris (Excessive Arrogance).
  Hellenistic Civilization. This refers to the Greek after the empire of Alexander the 
Great. HE was a Macedonian. Macedon was in power under Philip II (father of 
Alexander the Great). He arranges to try to unify Macedonia. He unifies them by 
war. He ends up going South and captures them and then was murdered. He always
dreamed of crossing the Aegean Sea to conquer Persia. So this is now Alexander's 
goal. In one decade he creates this mega empire and then dies. His son was an 
infant so his brother struggled to do it. Eventually his three commanders took over. 
They split it up into regions. Ptolemy took over Egypt. Seleucus took of Ifahian 
Plateau and Babylon. Antigonos took over Asia Minor and Macedonia. 
  Civilization. It was very multi-cultural. They tried to spread Greek culture 
throughout. The language was universal (Greek). They built a lot of Greek buildings, 
especially libraries. 
  Philosophy. Stoicism emerges from founder Zeno. It will be revived multiple times. 
He argues that one should except and endure all the tragedy's of life. Bad things 
happen in life to everyone. Just accept and endure with a s little emotion as 
possible. How do you get there? You get there by contemplating the rational order of
the universe. 
Epicureanism. The modern day refers to it with food. Founder was Epicurus. He was 
inspired by Democritus. Democritus' theory was that the world was built of tiny little
invisible particles that combine and recombine our universe. They combine and 
recombine in an order, rational, and predictable way. Like a machine. This is more 
detailed. A source of great happiness and pleasure. Its okay to enjoy little things 
(ex. Food, wine, and other pleasures). 
Skepticism. It will also be revived multiple times. Founder was Pyrrho he didn’t trust 
our knowledge. He doubted everything.

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School: Auburn University
Department: History
Course: World History I
Professor: Donna Bohanan
Term: Fall 2015
Tags: World History
Name: Hellenic Greece and Hellenistic Civilization
Description: Lecture on 9/16/16
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
2 Pages 17 Views 13 Unlocks
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