Anatomy and Physiology Exam 1 Study Guide
Anatomy and Physiology Exam 1 Study Guide BIOL 2500
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This 10 page Study Guide was uploaded by Amy Notetaker on Monday September 19, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to BIOL 2500 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Zachary Farris in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 270 views. For similar materials see Anatomy and Physiology 1 in Biology at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 09/19/16
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY PRACTICE EXAM 1) The heart is ________________ to the arm. a) Proximal b) Distal c) Medial d) Superior 2) Which cavity divides the abdomiopelvic cavity and the thoracic cavity? a) Abdomiopelvic b) Diaphragm c) Pleural d) Pelvic 3) What is another word for lungs? a) Pleura b) Pericardium c) Viscera d) Tracheal 4) What is another word for heart? a) Pleura b) Pericardium c) Viscera d) Tracheal 5) What provides stability for the cells and its membrane? a) Phospholipids b) Proteins c) Cholesterol d) Cell wall 6) Phospholipid heads are _______________. a) Hydrophobic b) Hydrophilic 7) Phospholipid tails are __________________. a) Hydrophobic b) Hydrophilic 8) What is the velcro like sugar coating that is made up of carbohydrates and sugar that is found around the cell? a) DNA b) Glycocalyx c) RNA d) Chromatin 9) What are the open channels that between two fused cells, which allow various molecules to pass freely through? a) Desmosomes b) Gap junctions c) Tight junctions d) Loose junctions 10)Which passive process needs no energy due to a concentration gradient in which there are many molecules collected together in one spot, and not so many in another, and the areas of high concentration diffuse to areas of low concentration? ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY PRACTICE EXAM a) Simple diffusion b) Osmosis c) Facilitated diffusion d) Simple diffusion 11)Which passive process is when an area of high concentration diffuses into an area of low concentration, with the help of carrier proteins? a) Simple diffusion b) Osmosis c) Facilitated diffusion d) Simple diffusion 12)Which passive process is the movement of water from an area of high to low concentration, but a selectively permeable membrane is involved? a) Simple diffusion b) Osmosis c) Facilitated diffusion d) Simple diffusion 13)What type of active transport requires bringing in things to the cell (both big and small)? a) Pinocytosis b) Exocytosis c) Phagocytosis d) Endocytosis 14)What type of active transport requires a transport protein and ATP? a) Simple diffusion b) Osmosis c) Secondary active transport d) Primary active transport 15)What is the electrical charge known as that happens on each cell? a) Membrane potential b) Adenosine triphosphate c) Sodium potassium pump d) Adenosine diphosphate 16)Which organelle is responsible for protein synthesis? a) Smooth ER b) Rough ER c) Vesicles d) Nucleus 17)Which organelle is responsible for lipid synthesis and building fat? a) Smooth ER b) Rough ER c) Vesicles d) Nucleus 18)Which of these is not a component of the nucleus? a) Nucleolus b) Nuclear envelope c) Vesicle d) Chromatin ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY PRACTICE EXAM 19)What plays the role as a double membrane that separates the nucleoplasm from the cytoplasm? a) Nucleolus b) Nuclear envelope c) Vesicle d) Chromatin 20)The head is ________________ to the abdomen. a) Inferior b) Lateral c) Posterior d) Superior 21)The naval is ______________ to the chin. a) Inferior b) Lateral c) Posterior d) Superior 22)The arms are _________________ to the chest. a) Inferior lateral b) Lateral c) Posterior d) Superior e) MATCHING 23-28 23) a single layer of flat cells in which a) Pseudo stratified Columnar substances can easily pass through. It is found in the kidney, air sacs and vessels 24) a single layer of column shaped cells that b) Simple Squamous reach different heights. It is often found in the respiratory passages 25) one layer of column shaped cells, in which c) Transitional nuclei are always present near the basement membrane. They are used for the secretion of mucus and substances. They line the digestive tract in which cilia are also located to increase the surface area of the digestive tract 26) is a single layer of cube shaped cells and isd) Stratified Squamous used for secretion and absorption. It is found in the kidneys, ovaries, tubules, and lines the ducts of some glands 27) is a thick layer (many layers) of flat cells e) Simple Cuboidal (may start out as cuboidal, but then go more flat). It protects underlying tissue and is found in the esophagus and the epidermis 28) both the stratified squamous and cuboidal. f) Simple Columnar It permits the travel of urine and is found in the bladder, urethra, and ureters, and is placed in the organs that need a good amount of stretch ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY PRACTICE EXAM 29)What types of glands produce only fluids and can be found in the pancreas (Think of the sweat and salivary glands, it is just a fluid that comes out of these)? a) Apocrine glands b) Holocrine glands c) Thyroid glands d) Merocrine glands 30)What types of glands have a point pinched off for secretion? a) Apocrine glands b) Holocrine glands c) Thyroid glands d) Merocrine glands 31)What type of fibers are made up of collagen molecules, which are very tough and dense (They also contain fiber with a lot of strength)? a) Collagen b) Reticular c) Elastic d) Transitional 32)What type of fibers are made of elastin, which is a rubber like protein (These are found in areas where you need a lot of stretch)? a) Collagen b) Elastic c) Reticular d) Transitional 33)What type of fibers are specialized fibers that are made up of collagen in which there are loads of fibers laid upon one another over and over (These are the most rare out of the 3 fibers)? a) Collagen b) Elastic c) Reticular d) Transitional 34)Which tissue needs a lot of fluid so that the nutrients can stay within it. (It will have a lot of inflammation and phagocytize bacteria)? a) Reticular b) Areolar c) Adipose d) Nervous 35)Which tissue is fat tissue that is essentially small little packets of energy all throughout the body? a) Reticular b) Areolar c) Adipose d) Nervous 36)Brown tissue is found most commonly (and in larger quantities) in? a) Babies b) Teenagers ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY PRACTICE EXAM c) Adults d) Elderly 37)Where is hyaline cartilage often found (often makes up a newborn’s skeleton). a) The top of the ear b) Near the sternum c) Around the joints d) Near the pelvic area 38)Which tissue is the supportive tissue that is a work of fibers, which provides support and cushion (you can find it in your lymph nodes and spleen)? a) Dense connective b) Dense irregular connective c) Reticular connective d) Areolar connective 39)Which tissue is made up of collagen fibers and is the strongest most ridgest type of tissue, whose responsibility is to hold muscle and pull it in a single direction (you will see this in a lot of tendons and ligaments)? a) Dense connective b) Dense irregular connective c) Reticular connective d) Areolar connective 40)Where is dense connective tissue found? a) Shoulder joints and around the knee b) Tendons and ligaments c) Around the ribs d) Lungs and blood vessels 41)Where is elastic connective tissue found? a) Shoulder joints and around the knee b) Tendons and ligaments c) Around the ribs d) Lungs and blood vessels 42)Where is dense regular tissue found? a) Shoulder joints and around the knee b) Tendons and ligaments c) Around the ribs d) Lungs and blood vessels 43)What are the sheets of connective tissues that surround the muscles called? a) Reticular tissue b) Aponeurosis c) Collagen fibers d) Viscera 44)What are (baby) cells that build up your cartilage? a) Chondroblasts b) Osteoblasts c) Chondrocytes d) Osteocytes 45)What are the mature cells found within the bone called? ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY PRACTICE EXAM a) Chondroblasts b) Osteoblasts c) Chondrocytes d) Osteocytes 46)The femur is an example of what type of bone? a) Irregular bone b) Long bone c) Short bone d) Sesamoid/round bone 47)The scapula is an example of what type of bone? a) Irregular bone b) Long bone c) Short bone d) Sesamoid/round bone 48)The patella is an example of what type of bone? a) Irregular bone b) Long bone c) Short bone d) Sesamoid/round bone 49)The carpals are an example of what type of bone? a) Irregular bone b) Long bone c) Short bone d) Sesamoid/round bone 50)What are the cells that give rise to what ever we need and are considered the “miracle cell”? a) Chondrocytes b) Stem cells c) Osteoblasts d) Melanocytes 51)Which bone is the dipole structure unique to? a) Irregular bone b) Long bone c) Flat bone d) Sesamoid/round bone 52)FILL IN THE BLANK: In adults, red bone marrow is located in __________________, in babies it is located in ____________________. 53)What is the fundamental unit of a bone? a) Chondrocyte b) Neuron c) Osteon d) Osteoblast 54)Which bone structure is a bone matrix ring that is covered by collagen fibers? a) Lamella b) Lacuna c) Canniculi d) Volkmann’s Canal ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY PRACTICE EXAM 55)What is the empty space that exists within the lamellas? a) Volkmann’s Canal b) Lacuna c) Lamella d) Diaphysis 56)What are the canals in each osteon called? a) Lacuna b) Lamella c) Canniculi d) Volkman’s Canal 57)What helps to improve communication between osetocytes and are located between osteocytes as well? a) Lacuna b) Canaliculi c) Diaphysis d) Volkmann’s Canal 58)What is the process of bone tissue formation known as? a) Ossification b) Ossiation c) Orthofication d) New bone formation process 59)What type of ossification occurs by bone formation replacing hyaline cartilage? a) Intramembranous ossification b) Endochondral ossification c) Transmembranal ossification 60)What part of the bone does growth still happen in? a) Diaphysis b) Epiphysis c) Medullary cavity d) Epiphyseal plate 61)What medical condition results in low levels of calcium, which causes hyper excitability? a) Hypercalcaemia b) Osteomalacia c) Rickets d) Hypocalcaemia 62)Which bone allows for the attachment of the tongue and many neck muscles? a) Hyoid b) Manuverium c) Foraminfera d) Coccyx 63)What is the name of your first 7 vertebrae? a) Thoracic b) Cervical c) Lumbar 64)What is the name of your last 5 vertebrae? a) Thoracic ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY PRACTICE EXAM b) Cervical c) Lumbar 65)What is C1’s name? a) Coxae b) Axis c) Atlas d) Manuverium 66)What is C2’S name? a) Coxae b) Axis c) Atlas d) Manuverium 67)What part of the pelvis helps differentiate males ad females? a) Illium b) Ischium c) Viscera d) Pubic arch 68)Whose role is it to produce keratin? a) Keratinocytes b) Melanocytes c) Langerhans’s cells d) Merkel cells 69)Whose role is to secrete melanin? a) Melanocytes b) Keratinocytes c) Langerhans’s cells d) Merkel cells 70)Whose role is to shade and protect the nucleus of the keratinocyte from UV radiation? a) Melanin b) Keratinocytes c) Langerhans’s cells d) Merkel cells 71)What are the specialized cells that live in the base cells of the epidermis? a) Melanocytes b) Keratinocytes c) Langerhans’s cells d) Merkel cells 72)What cells arise from bone marrow and carry out the same role as macrophages? a) Melanocytes b) Keratinocytes c) Langerhans’s cells d) Merkel cells 73)Which layer of the epidermis is dead due to being heavily keratinized? a) Stratum spinosum b) Stratum granulosum c) Stratum basal ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY PRACTICE EXAM d) Stratum corneum 74)Which part of the epidermis is the deepest and most active layer in which cells are constantly dividing? a) Stratum spinosum b) Stratum granulosum c) Stratum basal d) Stratum corneum 75)What type of tissue makes up the dermal layer of the skin? a) Dense connective tissue b) Dense irregular connective tissue c) Reticular tissue d) Adipose tissue 76)Which layer of the skin contains a lot of adipose build up? a) Epidermis b) Hypodermis c) Dermis 77)Which glands secrete a bitter substance that is used as insect repellents? a) Ceruminous glands b) Mammary glands c) Sebaceous glands d) Holocrine glands 78)Which glands secrete nutrient and fat rich materials? a) Ceruminous glands b) Sebaceous glands c) Holocrine glands d) Mammary glands 79)Which glands secrete sebum (made of oil and cell fragments)? a) Ceruminous glands b) Sebaceous glands c) Holocrine glands d) Mammary glands 80)Which phase of the hair is the growing phase? a) Anagen b) Catagen c) Telogen d) Halogen 81)What is the collection of keratinized cells that are crescent shaped and sit at the base of our nails? a) Nail plate b) Lacuna c) Lanulae 1) C 42) B 2) B 43) B 3) A 44) A 4) B 45) D 5) C 46) B 6) B 47) A 7) A 48) D 8) B 49) C 9) B 50) B 10) A 51) C 11) C 52) Medullary cavity/spongy bone, 12) B epiphyses of humerus /femur 13) D 53) C 14) C 54) A 15) A 55) B 16) B 56) D 17) A 57) B 18) C 58) B 19) B 59) B 20) D 60) D 21) A 61) D 22) B 62) A 23) B 63) B 24) A 64) C 25) F 65) C 26) E 66) B 27) D 67) D 28) C 68) A 29) D 69) B 30) A 70) A 31) A 71) D 32) B 72) C 33) C 73) D 34) B 74) C 35) C 75) B 36) A 76) B 37) B 77) A 38) C 78) D 39) A 79) B 40) A 80) A 41) D 81) C
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