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AU - BIOL 2500 - Study Guide - Midterm

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AU - BIOL 2500 - Study Guide - Midterm

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background image ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY PRACTICE EXAM  1)  The heart is ________________ to the arm.   a)  Proximal 
b)  Distal 
c)  Medial 
d)  Superior  
2)  Which cavity divides the abdomiopelvic cavity and the thoracic cavity?  a)  Abdomiopelvic  
b)  Diaphragm  
c)  Pleural  
d)  Pelvic  
3)  What is another word for lungs?   a)  Pleura 
b)  Pericardium  
c)  Viscera  
d)  Tracheal  
4)  What is another word for heart?   a)  Pleura 
b)  Pericardium  
c)  Viscera 
d)  Tracheal  
5)  What provides stability for the cells and its membrane?   a)  Phospholipids 
b)  Proteins 
c)  Cholesterol  
d)  Cell wall 
6)  Phospholipid heads are _______________.   a)  Hydrophobic  
b)  Hydrophilic  
7)  Phospholipid tails are __________________.   a)  Hydrophobic  
b)  Hydrophilic  
8)  What is the velcro like sugar coating that is made up of carbohydrates and sugar that is found  around the cell?  
a)  DNA 
b)  Glycocalyx 
c)  RNA 
d)  Chromatin  
9)  What are the open channels that between two fused cells, which allow various molecules to  pass freely through?  
a)  Desmosomes 
b)  Gap junctions  
c)  Tight junctions 
d)  Loose junctions  
10) Which passive process needs no energy due to a concentration gradient in which there are  many molecules collected together in one spot, and not so many in another, and the areas of 
high concentration diffuse to areas of low concentration?  
background image ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY PRACTICE EXAM  a)  Simple diffusion  
b)  Osmosis 
c)  Facilitated diffusion  
d)  Simple diffusion  
11) Which passive process is when an area of high concentration diffuses into an area of low  concentration, with the help of carrier proteins?  
a)  Simple diffusion  
b)  Osmosis  
c)  Facilitated diffusion  
d)  Simple diffusion  
12) Which passive process is the movement of water from an area of high to low concentration,  but a selectively permeable membrane is involved?  
a)  Simple diffusion  
b)  Osmosis 
c)  Facilitated diffusion  
d)  Simple diffusion  
13) What type of active transport requires bringing in things to the cell (both big and small)?   a)  Pinocytosis 
b)  Exocytosis 
c)  Phagocytosis 
d)  Endocytosis 
14) What type of active transport requires a transport protein and ATP?   a)  Simple diffusion  
b)  Osmosis  
c)  Secondary active transport  
d)  Primary active transport  
15) What is the electrical charge known as that happens on each cell?   a)  Membrane potential  
b)  Adenosine triphosphate  
c)  Sodium potassium pump   
d)  Adenosine diphosphate  
16) Which organelle is responsible for protein synthesis?   a)  Smooth ER 
b)  Rough ER 
c)  Vesicles 
d)  Nucleus 
17) Which organelle is responsible for lipid synthesis and building fat?   a) Smooth ER 
b) Rough ER 
c) Vesicles 
d) Nucleus 
18) Which of these is not a component of the nucleus?   a)  Nucleolus 
b)  Nuclear envelope 
c)  Vesicle  
d)  Chromatin  
background image ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY PRACTICE EXAM  19) What plays the role as a double membrane that separates the nucleoplasm from the  cytoplasm?  
a)  Nucleolus  
b)  Nuclear envelope 
c)  Vesicle  
d)  Chromatin  
20) The head is ________________ to the abdomen.   a)  Inferior  
b)  Lateral 
c)  Posterior  
d)  Superior  
21) The naval is ______________ to the chin.   a)  Inferior  
b)  Lateral  
c)  Posterior  
d)  Superior  
22) The arms are _________________ to the chest.   a)  Inferior lateral  
b)  Lateral  
c)  Posterior  
d)  Superior 
e)  MATCHING 23-28 
23) a single layer of flat cells in which 
substances can easily pass through. It is found 
in the kidney, air sacs and vessels 
a) Pseudo stratified Columnar  24) a single layer of column shaped cells that 
reach different heights. It is often found in the 
respiratory passages 
b) Simple Squamous  25) one layer of column shaped cells, in which 
nuclei are always present near the basement 
membrane. They are used for the secretion of 
mucus and substances. They line the digestive 
tract in which cilia are also located to increase 
the surface area of the digestive tract 
c) Transitional  26) is a single layer of cube shaped cells and is 
used for secretion and absorption. It is found in 
the kidneys, ovaries, tubules, and lines the 
ducts of some glands 
d) Stratified Squamous  27) is a thick layer (many layers) of flat cells 
(may start out as cuboidal, but then go more 
flat). It protects underlying tissue and is found 
in the esophagus and the epidermis 
e) Simple Cuboidal  28) both the stratified squamous and cuboidal. 
It permits the travel of urine and is found in the 
bladder, urethra, and ureters, and is placed in 
the organs that need a good amount of stretch 
f) Simple Columnar 

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School: Auburn University
Department: Biology
Course: Anatomy and Physiology 1
Professor: Zachary Farris
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: anatomy
Name: Anatomy and Physiology Exam 1 Study Guide
Description: Hey everyone! Here is a comprehensive practice exam for anatomy and physiology! It is very thorough and detailed and will greatly enhance your studying!
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
10 Pages 480 Views 384 Unlocks
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