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UNCG - HIS 206 - Class Notes - Week 4

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UNCG - HIS 206 - Class Notes - Week 4

School: University of North Carolina - Greensboro
Department: History
Course: Tpcs: Mediterranean World
Professor: Ian Michie
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Tpcs:MedditeraneanWorld
Name: Tpcs: Mediterranean World
Description: these notes cover whats going on in chapter 5.
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
This preview shows pages 1 - 2 of a 5 page document. to view the rest of the content
background image Iron Age Empires (Assyria, Babylonia, and Persia) (850­500 BCE) The Assyrian Empire (850­605 BCE) l The age of small states that characterized the beginning of the Iron Age ended when 
some powerful peoples of western Asia began to create new and larger empires.
l During its long history, the Assyrian kingdom experienced several cycles of 
prosperity interspersed with periods of weakness.
l The Rise of Assyria: Ø The  Assyrians, named after war god Assur, were an Amorite people who settled in  the upper Tigris River valley around 2000 BCE. Ø In language, culture, and religion, they were similar to the Babylonians, who had 
settled in central Mesopotamia at the same time.
Ø The Assyrians were always engaged in a constant struggle for survival. Ø For many centuries, the Assyrians competed with other Mesopotamian powers for 
influence.
Ø They had built the most effective millitary machine that the Near East had yet 
known.
Ø The Assyrians took advantage of their easy access to trade routes and became 
another Bronze Age people to take an early interest in trade as a means of 
supplementing their economy.
Ø The First Assyrian kingdom (ca. 2000­1750 BCE), with its capital at  Assur,  traditionally was established by Puzur­Assur I just after 2000 BCE. Ø The second Assyrian Dominant period (ca. 1350­1200 BCE) began when king Assur­
Ubalit I (1353­1318 BCE) defeated the kingdom of Mitanni.
l “How Not to Run an Empire: Ø The Assyrians went to war for two reasons: defense and economic expasion. Ø For defense reasons , peoples who previously had attacked the Assyrians, such as the 
Babylonians and Armaeans, were defeated and neutralized. 
Ø The Assyrians were very interested in using commerce to expand their economy, and
warfare was viewed as a means of bringing in income.
background image l Assyrian Government: Ø In order to administer their empire, the Assyrians created the first unified imperial 
government.
Ø The Assyrians created a consolidated administrative system that applied equally to 
all territories that became part of the empire.
Ø It was a top­down system focused on meeting Assyrian political and economic needs,
with no concern for winning the hearts and minds of the subject peoples.
Ø The Assyrian king did not rule in his own right but as the representative of the God, 
in this Assur; but Assur was not there, so the king was the supreme political, 
millitary, and religious leader, and all of the important functions of the state were 
manifested in him.
Ø Assyrian kings built magnificent palaces at the capital cities such as Assur that 
functioned as the administrativ, economic, and social centers of the empire, and loot 
and luxury goods were funneled into them.
l The Decline and Fall of the Assyrian Empire: Ø The Assyrian empire was threatened both inside and out. Ø Given the oppresive nature of Assyrian rule, only Assyrians really could be trusted to
serve in the Assyrian army.
Ø For three hundred years,the army was summoned nearly every year, and the 
continual warfare was a constant drain on manpower.
Ø Being on campaign made it difficult for the farmers serving in the army to work their
land back home, and the local Assyrian agricultural economy thus fell into severe 
decline.
Ø Under Esarhaddon’s successors, the Assyrian Empire crumbled. Ø Egypt did not rest easy under Assyrian rule. The Succesors of the Assyrians (605­550 BCE) l The elimination of the Assyrian Empire left a power vacuum in the Near East. l Four smaller but still potent powers briefly emerged in its place, the New Babylonian
Empire, the Saite Dynasty of Egypt, the Empire of the Medes, and the kingdom of 
lydia.
l Neither the Medes nor the Lydians came from major river valleys, demonstrating the 
increasing importance of peoples from outside the Bronze Age river valleys in the 
rise of the Iron Age civilization.
l The New Babylonian Empire:

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School: University of North Carolina - Greensboro
Department: History
Course: Tpcs: Mediterranean World
Professor: Ian Michie
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Tpcs:MedditeraneanWorld
Name: Tpcs: Mediterranean World
Description: these notes cover whats going on in chapter 5.
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
5 Pages 26 Views 20 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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