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Towson - HIST 202 - Class Notes - Week 2

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Towson - HIST 202 - Class Notes - Week 2

School: Towson University
Department: History
Course: Cities of the Ancient World
Professor: Gadotti
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: history, Lecture, gadotti, and towson
Name: Lecture notes Sep 13 and 15
Description: I apologize, these notes do not include the readings
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
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background image Cities of the Ancient World Sep 13 and Sep 14  Brief review of previous class    How did cities originate  o  Ceremonial    Originated because of religion  o  Economic    Originated through control of trade routes  o  Redistribution    Cities originated as centers for the redistribution of goods throughout the  surrounding areas     How do the elites get power?  o  Economic Sources  
o  Military Sources 
o  Ideological Sources  
o  Political Sources 
  The first city developed in South Mesopotamian alluvium (type of soil created from centuries of  rivers depositing soil and nutrients through flooding into the surrounding area)    These cities developed in an area below 250mm of yearly rainfall which is the minimum to  sustain rainfall agriculture, the way this problem was solved by the development of irrigation    Uruk Period   o  Tell el Ouelli Culture (5500 BCE)    The first settlement (Was not a city) in southern Mesopotamia  o   Tell Ubaid Culture (5900-4000BCE)    First culture in Mesopotamia that is attested in both the north and the south  
  The material culture from the end of the Ubaid period was found it parts of 
turkey, and south of Mesopotamia     Temples from this era share similar characteristics  
  Houses from this era share similar characteristics  
  Believed to be egalitarian but some scholars suggest the presence of temples 
suggests the framework of social stratification    Despite fired pottery appearing around 8millenial BCE the pottery wheel was  developed during the end of this period     Timeline  o  10,000: Development of agriculture and animal husbandtry  
o  8,000: Pottery developed  
o  7,000: Irrigation 
o  Slow movement of people to the south 
o  5500: First southern settlement 
o  Emergence of temples  
o  Intro of potter’s wheel 
o  4000: Uruk 
  Warka/Uruk/Unug (All the same location but going by different names)  o  5,000 BC to 2000 CE  
o  Spanned an area of 70hectacres  

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School: Towson University
Department: History
Course: Cities of the Ancient World
Professor: Gadotti
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: history, Lecture, gadotti, and towson
Name: Lecture notes Sep 13 and 15
Description: I apologize, these notes do not include the readings
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
2 Pages 53 Views 42 Unlocks
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  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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