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FAU - CJ 4012 - Class Notes - Week 4

Created by: Kamila Timaul Elite Notetaker

FAU - CJ 4012 - Class Notes - Week 4

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background image Terrorism and Homeland Security Terrorism and the Media CHAPTER 4 The New Media Environment, Part 1 Defining the New Media The mass media of newspapers, radio, and television could be defined as 
mass communication. The new methods of interaction also involve 
communication, but it allows selective connections among communities. 
New media refers to any virtual network where communication takes place. It
includes blogs, multiple Internet postings, and any social network.
The New Media Environment Terrorists quick to understand power of the new media Other factors influenced the growth and impact of the new media: – The price of network devices dropped. – Improved digital technology increased the quality and quantity of  communications.  – Devices became smaller and more powerful.  – Increased bandwidth increased the ability of servers to process traffic.  – Communications revolution created a host of virtual communities. Twitter is particularly powerful. Legitimizes messages because it brings the 
perception of authenticity, and it is socially accepted.
Characteristics of the New Media The old media is controlled by small groups of elite stakeholders who 
distribute selective information to targeted audiences. It transmits one 
version of a story to many people, and while elites may interact with the 
sources of a narrative, the audience can only consume the information. 
Consumers cannot collaborate or participate in developing a story. None of the characteristics of the new media apply to the old. Other Aspects of the Internet Steganography (embedding hidden information in a picture, message, or 
another piece of information) is one of the Internet’s greatest vulnerabilities.
Internet allows terrorist groups to present messages and images would not 
appear in mainstream media.
background image The Internet can also be used for recruitment and training. The Internet is also used in target selection and reconnaissance.  Maps, satellite imagery, and diagrams provide ready-made intelligence 
Trends in Research Meanings are socially created, and Ross demonstrates that reporting is part 
of the social construction of terrorism. 
Terrorists are aware of the power of the media and seek to manipulate their 
message through it. 
While the media enhances the power of terrorism, it does not cause it.  Terrorists will increasingly use the Internet to communicate as the 
relationship between the media and terrorism grows stronger in the future.
Findings on Twitter The main purpose of terror media is to generate propaganda. Frequency distributions of types of tweets revealed common categories from 
Syrian jihadists. 
Klausen found that tweets centered around religious indoctrination, battle 
reports, interpersonal communication, everyday life, and delivering threats to
the West. 
Religion dominated written communication with four out of five tweets 
focusing on religious dogma.
Gender Stereotypes Television tends to portray women as minor figures in the male-dominated 
Nacos presents several images created by television news frames:  – Physical appearance frame  – Family connection frame  – Terrorist for the sake of love – Women's lib frame  – Women as bored, frustrated housewives News Frames Reporting patterns are packaged in segments called news frames.

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School: Florida Atlantic University
Department: Criminal Justice
Course: Terrorism
Term: Fall 2016
Name: Terrorism and the Media
Description: Learning Objectives • Define the new media environment. • Describe the characteristics of the new media. • Explain how the Internet has impacted terrorism. • Describe the way narrative can be presented
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
6 Pages 10 Views 8 Unlocks
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