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UNLV - COMM 102 - Class Notes - Week 2

Created by: Kulani Purkey Elite Notetaker

UNLV - COMM 102 - Class Notes - Week 2

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background image COM102 with Prof. Jenny Farrell  WEEK THREE – SEPTEMBER 13, 2016  Elite Notetaker: Kulani Purkey                            CHAPTER THREE: PERCEIVING OTHERS  At the end of these notes, you should be able to identify what perception is, the process regarding 
perception, different ways to perceive others in events/situations, and relating to one another. 
Perception is a process of selecting, organizing, and interpreting info from our sense, guiding our 
communication desires.  
-  It is a process.  There are five steps to the perception process, these are as follows..:  1.  Selection is where you figure out what you’re going to focus on or focusing your attention on  certain stimuli in your environment. 
a.  When selecting information to focus on, one considers its salience. 
i.  Salience is the quality that something you’re going to focus on..  ii.  Something that is salient is visually and audibly stimulating causing you to feel 
and experience certain emotions. 
iii.  Something that is salient can lead us to view certain goals as important or 
observe it as deviating from our expectations (strange/unusual things easily 
grab our attention). 
iv.  Can   you think of things that you would consider salient or non-salient?   2.  Organization is structuring the selected information into a coherent pattern in our mind.   a.  Punctuation: organizing the information into a chronological sequence that  matches how you experienced the events  i.  Somebody can remember something differently than you.  ii.  In that case, you consider who did what first and realize that your  perception and punctuation may vary from the other person..  Regardless of what is actually true, I remember MY true and you remember YOUR true.  3.  Interpretation is when you are starting to make sense of stuff and assigning meaning to  selected information.  a.  This is important for interpersonal communication!  I can experience the exact same thing as someone else but interpret it completely differently..  b.  When interpreting things you might use familiar information to provide reference  and create explanations for behaviors. 
 
  Maroon = Study goals  Pink = Noteworthy sentences/concluding quotations  Blue = Prompting questions/thinking statements  Yellow = Key terminology/vocabulary 
background image USING FAMILIAR INFORMATION  Schemata is the way we understand and define concepts based on past experiences/previous knowledge 
(this can also be shown in talking to others and TV shows or movies). 
1.  Examples of Schemata could be seen in a marriage proposal or a classroom setting.  a.  What other examples of Schemata can you think of? 
b.  We use Schemata to understand and interpret events, relationships and people. 
i.  Schemata come from the culture you belong to.   CREATING EXPLANATIONS  1.  Attributions answer “why?”; there are two types of attributions.  a.  Internal attributions are suspect to be part of one’s character or personality.  i.  Example given: lazy, apathetic, unmotivated, etc..  b.  External attributions are considered out of our hands or situational factors.  i.  Example given: traffic, weather, being busy/pre-occupied, etc..  c.  There are often errors in attribution for other’s behaviors..  i.  The fundamental attribution error is the tendency to attribute other’s  behaviors to internal causes when it may be caused by external 
attributions.          
- It is a VERY common error to mistake internal attributions to one’s 
behavior.    
    d. There are also errors in attribution for our own behaviors.  i. The actor-observer effect is the tendency to attribute external factors to our 
own behavior causing us to make excuses. An example of this would be you 
trying to justify that you performed poorly on an exam due to the temperature 
of the room being distracting (or something of the like).  
ii. The self serving bias is the tendency to attribute internal factors to our own 
behaviors (usually reflecting something on a positive note). An example of this 
would be you justifying doing well on a quiz….when it was an open book quiz. 
- Ego protection is when we credit ourselves for life’s successes and 
feel better about who we are. 
CHECKING ATTRIBUTIONS  1.  Keep errors in mind and consider ALL explanations. 
2.  Realize that there is usually a combination of both internal and external attributions. 
3.  ASK WHY! 
You can mull about it and continue to let it bother you OR just ask.  UNCERTAINTY REDUCTION THEORY is the idea that when we meet people, we have goals of reducing our 
uncertainty of them in hopes to later predict him/her; this is just getting to know someone! 
You will get more comfortable over time with someone and have less uncertainty concerning them. 

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School: University of Nevada - Las Vegas
Department: Communications
Course: Intro to Interpersonal Communication
Professor: Jenny Farrell
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: communication, Intro to Communication, Communications, and interpersonal communication
Name: COM102/WEEK THREE
Description: These notes cover what was discussed in the third week of class.
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
5 Pages 11 Views 8 Unlocks
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